Flintshire

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Flintshire
Welsh: Sir y Fflint
United Kingdom
St Asaph Cathedral.JPG
St Asaph Cathedral
Flag of Flintshire
Flag
Flintshire
[Interactive map]
Area: 260 square miles
Population: 216,236
County town: Flint
County flower: Bell heather [1]

The County of Flint is a maritime shire of which the greater part lies along the estuary of the River Dee and on the coast of the Irish Sea, in the very north-eastern part of Wales.

Flintshire is broken into detached parts. The main body of the shire lies between the River Dee and the River Clwyd, reaching in from the coast up into the hills, but it also has an area detached from the main body known as Maelor Saesneg or English Maelor, which lies to the southeast as a wedge driven between Shropshire and Cheshire, separated from the main body of its county by a tract of Denbighshire. Between these two lies a small portion wholly surrounded by Denbighshire. Thus Flintshire has boundaries with Denbighshire in the west and south, Cheshire in the east and southeast and Shropshire in the southeast.

One of the smallest counties in the land, and the smallest of Wales, Flintshire is heavily developed. The coast along the Dee estuary is heavily developed by industry and the north coast is much developed for tourism.

Notwithstanding the county's small size, it contains an ancient cathedral, at St Asaph, the seat of a diocese founded in the sixth century.

Flintshire lies next to Cheshire and has been an Anglicised area since before the Norman conquest, with more place-names and families of English origin than elsewhere in Wales. Many of the villages of Flintshire are listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 under the heading of Cheshire.

Geography and industry

Offa's Dyke path up Moel Fammau
The Dee Estuary

The Clwydian Mountains occupy much of the west of the county. The highest point is Moel Famau (1,820 feet). The main rivers are the Dee (the estuary of which forms much of the coast) and the Clwyd.

The main detached part of Flintshire is Maelor Saesneg in the southeast, between Denbighshire, Cheshire and Shropshire. Other detached parts are entirely surrounded by Denbighshire, namely the manors of Marford and Hoseley, Abenbury Fechan and Bryn Estyn, all on the outskirts of Wrexham, and also a small part of the parish of Erbistock around the Boat Inn. Also, a small part of Flintshire is physically if not technically detached, namely the small acres, including the village of Sealand, isolated across the River Dee when its course was changed to improve navigation.

The main industries of the county are manufacturing of aircraft components (Airbus), engines (Toyota), paper (Shotton Paper), steel processing (Corus), agriculture and tourism.

Industry

Parts of Flintshire have major manufacturing industries. Amongst these are a Toyota plant that manufactures engines, a Corus Group steelworks and Shotton Paper, but most importantly Airbus, making the wings for the Airbus A330 and A380 at Broughton.

There are daily flights of the Airbus Beluga transport aircraft of Airbus wings from Broughton for the smaller aircraft. The wings for the A380, which are too large to be transported by air use a multi-modal transport using Flintshire's roads, the River Dee and the port of Mostyn, also in Flintshire. The motto of Airbus in Flintshire is: "Without us, it's just a bus"; meaning that the parts that make Airbus aircraft fly, rather than just run along the ground, are made in Flintshire.

Flintshire is also known for its internet companies, some of which started here in the industrial lands and continue to support employment.

Formation

Flintshire was first formed in 1284 under the terms of the Statute of Rhuddlan to include cantrefs formerly parts of Gwynedd Is Conwy and Powys Fadog:

Also included were the Lordships of Mold, Hawarden, Mostyn and Hope.

At the Laws in Wales Act, further provision was made. In 1535 Flintshire was not changed, as an existing shire. St Asaph ("Saint Tafse") was originally included amongst the "Lordships, Townships, Parishes, Commotes and Cantrefs of Denbighland" within Denbighshire[1] but adjustments were made later and it was confirmed to Flintshire in 1542.[2]

The Act also divided the county into hundreds:

Towns and villages

Flintshire Bridge, Connah's Quay

The chief towns of the county are on or by the Dee and the coast. The biggest, Buckley, Connah's Quay and Flint are industrial towns, though Flint has origins in the Middle Ages.

Parishes

*Parishes located in Maelor Saesneg.

Flint Castle

Things to see in Flintshire

Basingwerk Abbey Gardens
Key
Cathedral/Abbey/Priory Cathedral/Abbey/Priory
Accessible open space Accessible open space
Amusement/Theme Park Amusement/Theme Park
Castle Castle
Country Park Country Park
Cadw Cadw
Forestry Commission Forestry Commission
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic house Historic House
Museum (free)
Museum (not free)
Museum (free/not free)
National Trust National Trust
Zoo Zoo

Outside links

See also

Flag of Flintshire

References

  1. Laws in Wales Act 1535
  2. Laws in Wales Act 1542, XCVII
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