Rutland

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Rutland
United Kingdom
Flag of Rutland
Rutland
[Interactive map]
Area: 152 square miles
Population: 34,563
County town: Oakham
County flower: Clustered bellflower [1]

The County of Rutland is a small landlocked shire of the Midlands, bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire, and on the south and east by Northamptonshire.

Rutland is the smallest county in England, and the fourth smallest in the U.K. as a whole. A familiar motto is that adopted by Rutland County Council in 1950; Multum In Parvo or "much in little".[1] Rutland's length north to south is 18 miles at its longest, and its breadth east to west 17 miles.

The only towns in Rutland are Oakham, the county town, and Uppingham. The shire is marked by numerous pretty villages characterised by cottages of limestone and ironstone, with roofs thatched or of Collyweston stone slate.

The highest point of the county is at Flitteriss Park (a farm east of Cold Overton Park) at 646 feet above sea level. Its lowest point is a section of secluded farmland near Belmesthorpe, at 56 feet above sea level.

Rutland is a green county, watered by the River Gwash, the River Welland, the River Chater and the Eye Brook.

Towns and villages

Parishes

Hundreds

Rutland Water

At the heart of the county sits Rutland Water, a large artificial reservoir (covering a similar surface area to Windermere) created by the damming of the Gwash. Several villages lie drowned beneath its waters. A spur of higher land in the midst of the water splits it into two arms, on which spur is Upper Hambleton.

Rutland Water has become an important nature reserve serving as an overwintering site for wildfowl.

Rutland Water was fiercely opposed when proposed, but has now been voted Rutland's favourite tourist attraction.

Traditions

  • Letting of the Banks (Whissendine): Banks are pasture land, this traditionally occurs on the third week of March
  • Rush Bearing & Rush Strewing (Barrowden): Reeds are gathered in the church meadow on the eve of St Peter’s Day and placed on the church floor (late June, early July)
  • Uppingham Market was granted by Charter in 1281 by Edward I.
  • Nurdling; an unusual local sport.

Places of interest

Key
Cathedral/Abbey/Priory Cathedral/Abbey/Priory
Accessible open space Accessible open space
Amusement/Theme Park Amusement/Theme Park
Castle Castle
Country Park Country Park
English Heritage English Heritage
Forestry Commission Forestry Commission
Heritage railway Heritage railway
Historic house Historic House
Museum (free)
Museum (not free)
Museum (free/not free)
National Trust National Trust
Zoo Zoo

See also

Flag of Rutland

References

  1. Wilfrid Scott-Giles (1953). Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, 2nd edition. London: J M Dent & Sons. p. 318. 

Outside links

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