County town

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A county town is the 'capital' of a county in the United Kingdom or the Republic of Ireland.

The concept of a county town is ill-defined and unofficial. The attribution may have fallen to the town used as the seat for the election of county members of parliament or for some administrative or judicial functions, which has established it over time as the de facto main town of a county.

County towns in the United Kingdom

Where the county town is a city it is shown in bold.

County County town
Aberdeenshire Aberdeen
Anglesey Beaumaris
Angus Forfar
County Antrim Antrim or Belfast
Argyllshire Inveraray
County Armagh Armagh
Ayrshire Ayr
Banffshire Banff
Bedfordshire Bedford
Berkshire Abingdon
Berwickshire Duns (formerly Berwick-upon-Tweed and Greenlaw)
Brecknockshire Brecon
Buckinghamshire Aylesbury, formerly Buckingham
Buteshire Rothesay
Caernarfonshire Caernarfon
Caithness Wick
Cambridgeshire Cambridge
Cardiganshire Cardigan
Carmarthenshire Carmarthen
Cheshire Chester
Clackmannanshire Alloa or Clackmannan
Cornwall Bodmin or Truro
Cromartyshire Cromarty
Cumberland Carlisle
Denbighshire Ruthin (formerly Denbigh)
Derbyshire Derby
Devon Exeter
Dorset Dorchester
County Down Downpatrick
Dumfriesshire Dumfries
Dunbartonshire Dumbarton
County Durham Durham
East Lothian Haddington
Essex Chelmsford
Fermanagh Enniskillen
Fife Cupar
Flintshire Mold (formerly Flint)
Glamorgan Cardiff
Gloucestershire Gloucester
Hampshire Winchester
Herefordshire Hereford
Hertfordshire Hertford
Huntingdonshire Huntingdon
Inverness-shire Inverness
Kent Maidstone
Kincardineshire Stonehaven (formerly Kincardine)
Kinross-shire Kinross
Kirkcudbrightshire Kirkcudbright
Lanarkshire Lanark
Lancashire Lancaster
Leicestershire Leicester
Lincolnshire Lincoln
County Londonderry Londonderry
Merionethshire Dolgellau
Middlesex Brentford, or London
Midlothian Edinburgh
Montgomeryshire Montgomery
Monmouthshire Monmouth
Morayshire Elgin
Nairnshire Nairn
Norfolk Norwich
Northamptonshire Northampton
Northumberland Alnwick
Nottinghamshire Nottingham
Orkney Kirkwall
Oxfordshire Oxford
Peeblesshire Peebles
Pembrokeshire Haverfordwest (formerly Pembroke)
Perthshire Perth
Radnorshire Presteigne (formerly New Radnor)
Renfrewshire Renfrew
Ross-shire Dingwall
Roxburghshire Jedburgh
Rutland Oakham
Selkirkshire Selkirk
Shetland Lerwick
Shropshire Shrewsbury
Somerset Taunton
Staffordshire Stafford
Stirlingshire Stirling
Suffolk Ipswich
Surrey Guildford
Sussex Chichester
Sutherland Dornoch
Tyrone Omagh
Warwickshire Warwick
West Lothian Linlithgow
Westmorland Appleby
Wigtownshire Wigtown
Wiltshire Salisbury, Devizes or Trowbridge
Worcestershire Worcester
Yorkshire York

County towns in the Republic of Ireland

The term county capital is also used. Where the county town is a city it is shown in bold.

County County town
County Carlow Carlow
County Cavan Cavan
County Clare Ennis
County Cork Cork
County Donegal Lifford
County Dublin Dublin
County Galway Galway
County Kerry Tralee
County Kildare Naas
County Kilkenny Kilkenny
County Laois Portlaoise (Maryborough)
County Leitrim Carrick-on-Shannon
County Limerick Limerick
County Longford Longford
County Louth Dundalk
County Mayo Castlebar
County Meath Navan (previously Trim).
County Monaghan Monaghan
County Offaly Tullamore or Daingean (Philipstown)
County Roscommon Roscommon
County Sligo Sligo
County Tipperary Clonmel
County Waterford Dungarvan (previously Waterford).
County Westmeath Mullingar
County Wexford Wexford
County Wicklow Wicklow