Crossings of the River Thames

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London Bridge, in central London
Newbridge, joining Oxfordshire and Berkshire

The crossings of the River Thames are numerous: over 200 bridges, 24 tunnels, six public ferries, one cable car link, and at least one ford. The River Thames has so many bridges thrown across it because of its position in the busiest part of the land, and the river has caused many of the great towns of the southern counties to grow, which in turn required a taming of the flood.

The river flows for 215 miles from its source to Southend Pier. In its upper reaches it is a modest river but it becomes navigable remarkably soon, at Cricklade, and the river below here is broad and a formidable barrier: all bridges must be such as will not hinder navigation, but the needs of navigation mean that until the river becomes tidal at Teddington, there are locks on its course, several of which provide a way to cross from one bank to another.

History of crossings

London Bridge in 1616, by Claes Van Visscher

Many of the present road bridges over the river are on the sites of earlier fords, ferries and wooden structures. The Romans under Julius Caesar forded the river probably at Brentford, which would be a hazardous undertaking today; it is on a reach frequented by cargo ships. The earliest known bridges on the Thames were built by the Romans, at London Bridge and Staines Bridge. At Folly Bridge in Oxford the remains of an original Saxon structure can be seen, and mediæval stone structures such as Newbridge and Abingdon Bridge are still in use.

The growth of Kingston upon Thames in Surrey is believed to stem from its having the only crossing between London Bridge and Staines until the beginning of the 18th century.

Proposals to build bridges across the Thames at Lambeth and Putney in around 1670 were defeated by the Rulers of the Company of Watermen, since it would mean ruin for the 60,000 rivermen who provided a pool of naval reserve.[1] During the 18th century, many stone and brick road bridges were built from new or to replace existing structures, both in London and further up the river. These included Westminster Bridge, Putney Bridge, Datchet Bridge, Windsor Bridge and Sonning Bridge. Several central London road bridges were built in the 19th century, most conspicuously Tower Bridge, the only bascule bridge on the river, designed to allow ocean-going ships to pass beneath it.

The most recent road bridges are the bypasses at Isis Bridge and Marlow By-pass Bridge and the motorway bridges, most notably the two on the M25: Queen Elizabeth Bridge and M25 Runnymede Bridge.

The development of the railway resulted in a spate of bridge building in the 19th century including Blackfriars Railway Bridge and Charing Cross (Hungerford) Railway Bridge in London, and the spectacular railway bridges by Isambard Kingdom Brunel at Maidenhead, Gatehampton and Moulsford.

The world's first underwater tunnel was the Thames Tunnel by Marc Brunel built in 1843 and now used to carry the East London Line. The Tower Subway was the first railway under the Thames, which was followed by all the deep-level tube lines. Two road tunnels were built in East London at the end of the 19th century, the Blackwall Tunnel and the Rotherhithe Tunnel, and the latest tunnel is the Dartford Crossing.

Many foot crossings were established across the weirs that were built on the non-tidal river, and some of these remained when the locks were built – for example at Benson Lock. Others were replaced by a footbridge when the weir was removed as at Hart's Weir Footbridge. Around the year 2000, several footbridges were added, either as part of the Thames Path or in commemoration of the Millennium. These include Temple Footbridge, Bloomers Hole Footbridge, the Hungerford Footbridges and the Millennium Bridge (City of London to Southwark), all of which have distinctive designs.

Some ferries still operate on the river. The Woolwich Ferry carries cars and passengers across the river in the Thames Gateway and links the North Circular and South Circular roads. Upstream are smaller pedestrian ferries, for example Hampton Ferry and Shepperton to Weybridge Ferry; the latter is the only non-permanent crossing that remains on the Thames Path.

Listing bridges and crossings

The list below starts at the source and runs downstream, to the Thames Estuary. A few of the crossings listed are public pedestrian crossings using walkways across lock gates and bridges above or adjacent to the adjoining weirs.

Most of the other locks on the River Thames also have walkways across their lock gates and weirs, or one may walk with care across the top of the lock gates. However at many of the locks either the lock does not completely cross the river, or access is restricted to authorised personnel only, and are therefore such locks should not be listed.

Apart from bridges, tunnels and locks, the Thames has several ferries. Commuter boat services operate along some reaches of the river in London, and tourist boat services sail the river both in London and upstream, which services may bring the traveller to light at the other bank to continue his journey on foot.

Source to Cricklade

Not all of the bridges beyond Cricklade are listed below. For example, there are a number of small agricultural bridges allowing access between fields, and bridges to properties in Ashton Keynes that are not mentioned.

Crossing Type Co-ordinates Notes
Gloucestershire and Wiltshire
A433 Road Bridge, Fosse Way Roman Road Road bridge 51°41’24"N, 2°1’21"W At Thames Head
Wiltshire
A429 Road Bridge Road bridge 51°40’47"N, 2°-0’53"W
Parker's Bridge, Ewen Road bridge 51°40’31"N, 2°0’25"W
Bridge south of Ewen Road bridge 51°40’27"N, 1°59’44"W
Neigh Bridge Road bridge 51°39’6"N, 1°58’29"W
Bridge Road bridge 51°39’2"N, 1°58’24"W
Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°38’59"N, 1°58’17"W
Bridge Road bridge 51°38’54"N, 1°58’8"W
Bridge Road bridge 51°38’52"N, 1°58’2"W
Bridge Road bridge 51°38’51"N, 1°57’58"W
Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°38’48"N, 1°57’46"W
Bridge Road bridge 51°38’43"N, 1°57’38"W
Bridges Road bridge and pedestrian bridge 51°38’46"N, 1°56’56"W
Bridge on B4696, Ashton Keynes Road bridge 51°38’46"N, 1°56’31"W
Bridge on Church Lane, Ashton Keynes Road bridge 51°38’48"N, 1°56’14"W
Bridge on Church Walk, Ashton Keynes Road bridge 51°38’48"N, 1°56’10"W
Bridge on Gosditch, Ashton Keynes Road bridge 51°38’42"N, 1°56’7"W
Bridge on The Derry, Ashton Keynes Road bridge 51°38’30"N, 1°55’56"W
Bridge on High Road, Ashton Keynes Road bridge 51°38’25"N, 1°55’51"W
Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°38’20"N, 1°55’25"W
Waterhay Bridge Road bridge 51°38’17"N, 1°54’53"W
Brook Farm bridge Road bridge 51°38’23"N, 1°54’14"W North of Brook Farm, Waterhay
Manor Farm bridge Road bridge 51°38’24"N, 1°54’10"W North of Manor Farm, Waterhay
Gloucestershire – Wiltshire
Footbridge at Hailstone House Pedestrian bridge 51°38’57"N, 1°53’11"W
Midland and South Western Junction Railway bridge Pedestrian and cycle bridge 51°39’5"N, 1°52’31"W Formerly a rail bridge
Wiltshire
Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°39’5"N, 1°52’31"W

The river splits as it passes through Ashton Keynes. An alternative route to that listed above crosses High Bridge at 51°38’13"N, 1°55’46"W and Three Bridges at 51°38’18"N, 1°56’21"W

Cricklade to Oxford

Radcot Bridge
St John's Bridge, Lechlade
Crossing Type Co-ordinates Date opened Notes
Wiltshire
Cricklade Town Bridge Road bridge 51°38’40"N, 1°51’17"W 1852
Cricklade sewage works bridge Road bridge 51°38’36"N, 1°51’5"W Access road to sewage works, accessible to authorised personnel only
A419 Road Bridge Road bridge 51°38’34"N, 1°50’43"W 1988
Eysey Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°38’43"N, 1°50’18"W
Water Eaton House Bridge Pedestrian bridge 51°38’39"N, 1°49’21"W
Castle Eaton Bridge Road bridge 51°39’39"N, 1°47’33"W 1893
Gloucestershire – Wiltshire
Hannington Bridge Road bridge 51°39’48"N, 1°44’57"W 1841
Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°41’18"N, 1°42’16"W
Halfpenny Bridge Road bridge 51°41’32"N, 1°41’34"W 1792 The start of the navigable Thames
Gloucestershire – Berkshire
St John's Bridge, Lechlade Road bridge 51°41’22"N, 1°40’44"W 1886
Bloomers Hole Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°41’15"N, 1°40’31"W 2000
Buscot Lock Lock and pedestrian bridge 51°40’52"N, 1°40’6"W
Oxfordshire – Berkshire
Eaton Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°41’6"N, 1°38’41"W 1936
Radcot Bridge Road bridge 51°41’36"N, 1°35’19"W 1787
Old Man's Bridge Pedestrian bridge 51°41’59"N, 1°34’5"W 1868
Rushey Lock Lock and pedestrian bridge 51°41’54"N, 1°32’4"W
Tadpole Bridge Road bridge 51°42’5"N, 1°31’2"W 1784
Tenfoot Bridge Pedestrian bridge 51°41’38"N, 1°29’23"W 1869
Duxford Ford and Shifford Lock Cut footbridge Ford and pedestrian bridge 51°41’55"N, 1°27’58"W and 51°42’18"N, 1°28’14"W The ford crosses the main river channel to an island formed by the Shifford Lock Cut; this is crossed by a footbridge
Newbridge Road bridge 51°42’35"N, 1°25’2"W 1250[2]
Hart's Weir Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°42’24"N, 1°23’36"W 1879
Pinkhill Lock Lock and pedestrian bridge 51°45’37"N, 1°21’52"W
Swinford Toll Bridge Road bridge 51°46’28"N, 1°21’33"W 1777
A34 Road Bridge Road bridge 51°46’51"N, 1°18’11"W 1961
Godstow Bridge Road bridge 51°46’47"N, 1°17’59"W 1792 A previous bridge was held by the Royalists in 1645.
Medley Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°45’50"N, 1°16’49"W 1865

Oxford to Reading

Folly Bridge, Oxford
Shillingford Bridge
Wallingford Bridge
Crossing Type Co-ordinates Date opened Notes
Oxfordshire – Berkshire
Osney Bridge Road bridge 51°45’9"N, 1°16’21"W 1885
Osney Rail Bridge Rail bridge 51°44’49"N, 1°16’1"W 1850 and 1887 Two adjacent bridges
Gasworks Bridge Pedestrian bridge 51°44’46"N, 1°15’49"W 1882
Grandpont Bridge Pedestrian bridge 51°44’49"N, 1°15’39"W 1930s
Folly Bridge Road bridge 51°44’46"N, 1°15’23"W 1827 Stone bridge built 1085
Donnington Bridge Road bridge 51°44’8"N, 1°14’31"W 1962
Iffley Lock Lock and pedestrian bridges 51°43’46"N, 1°14’24"W
Isis Bridge Road bridge 51°43’30"N, 1°14’29"W 1962
Kennington Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°43’16"N, 1°14’32"W 1923
Sandford Lock Lock and pedestrian bridges 51°42’30"N, 1°13’58"W
Nuneham Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°40’9"N, 1°14’27"W 1929
Abingdon Lock Lock and pedestrian bridges 51°40’15"N, 1°16’11"W
Abingdon Bridge Road bridge 51°40’7"N, 1°16’46"W 1416
Culham Lock bridges Pedestrian bridges 51°38’58"N, 1°16’24"W A bridge across the weir on the Culham Cut, west of Culham Lock; further south, other bridges cross the main river channel
Sutton Bridge Road bridge 51°38’59"N, 1°15’56"W 1807
Appleford Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°38’38"N, 1°14’25"W 1929
Clifton Hampden Bridge Road bridge 51°39’16"N, 1°12’38"W 1867
Day's Lock bridges Pedestrian bridges 51°38’19"N, 1°10’47"W
Little Wittenham Bridge Pedestrian bridge 51°38’14"N, 1°10’49"W 1870
Shillingford Bridge Road bridge 51°37’27"N, 1°8’22"W 1827 Replaced bridge built 1763.
Benson Lock bridge Lock and pedestrian bridge 51°36’59"N, 1°6’55"W
Wallingford Bridge Road bridge 51°36’3"N, 1°7’14"W 1809 Bridge recorded 1141.
Winterbrook Bridge Road bridge 51°35’18"N, 1°7’25"W 1993
Moulsford Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°33’29"N, 1°8’33"W 1838
Goring and Streatley Bridge Road bridge 51°31’23"N, 1°8’33"W 1923
Gatehampton Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°30’42"N, 1°7’40"W 1838
Whitchurch Bridge Road bridge 51°29’13"N, 1°5’6"W 1902 Toll bridge
Reading Festival Bridge Pedestrian bridge (intermittently present) 51°28’2"N, 1°-0’43"W 2008 Temporarily erected on permanent footings during the Reading Festival

Reading to the Colne

Maidenhead Railway Bridge
Reading Bridge
Crossing Type Co-ordinates Date opened Notes
Oxfordshire – Berkshire
Caversham Bridge Road bridge 51°27’57"N, 0°58’38"W 1926 Earliest bridge recorded 1231.
Reading Bridge Road bridge 51°27’39"N, 0°58’4"W 1923
Caversham Lock Lock and pedestrian bridge 51°27’40"N, 0°57’54"W 1875
Sonning Bridge and Sonning Backwater Bridges Road bridges 51°28’34"N, 0°54’54"W c.1775 and 1986 Earlier bridge recorded 1530 and one in 1125
Shiplake Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°30’7"N, 0°52’41"W 1897
Henley Bridge Road bridge 51°32’15"N, 0°54’1"W 1786 Earlier bridge dates from at least 1232.
Buckinghamshire – Berkshire
Hambledon Lock Lock and pedestrian bridge 51°33’34"N, 0°52’19"W 1884
Temple Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°33’5"N, 0°47’49"W 1989
Marlow Bridge Road bridge 51°34’2"N, 0°46’23"W 1832 Replaced bridge built in 1530.
Marlow By-pass Bridge Road bridge 51°33’58"N, 0°45’43"W 1972
Bourne End Railway Bridge Rail and pedestrian bridge 51°34’30"N, 0°42’51"W 1895
Cookham Bridge Road bridge 51°33’44"N, 0°42’22"W 1867
Maidenhead Bridge Road bridge 51°31’25"N, 0°42’7"W 1777 Bridge recorded 1280.
Maidenhead Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°31’16"N, 0°42’6"W 1838
M4 Thames Bridge Road bridge 51°30’25"N, 0°41’10"W 1961 Carrying the M4 motorway; incorporates a footbridge
Summerleaze Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°29’59"N, 0°40’54"W 1992
Queen Elizabeth Bridge, Windsor Road bridge 51°29’13"N, 0°37’22"W 1966
Windsor Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°29’13"N, 0°37’5"W 1849
Windsor Bridge Pedestrian and cycle bridge 51°29’9"N, 0°36’30"W 1850 Formerly used as a road bridge
Black Potts Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°29’33"N, 0°35’50"W 1850
Victoria Bridge, Datchet Road bridge 51°29’16"N, 0°35’29"W 1967 Replacing an 1851 bridge
Albert Bridge, Datchet Road bridge 51°28’16"N, 0°35’4"W 1928
M25 Runnymede Bridge Road bridge 51°26’15"N, 0°32’5"W 1961 Carrying the M25 motorway and, on the older part of the bridge, the A30; widened in 1983 and 2005

Proposed

  • A pedestrian and cycle bridge is proposed between Reading and Caversham Bridges, to be located east of Fry's Island.[3]

Surrey / Middlesex to Teddington Lock

Chertsey Bridge
Crossing Type Co-ordinates Date opened Notes
Middlesex – Surrey
Staines Bridge Road bridge 51°25’60"N, 0°31’1"W 1832 Bridges recorded near this site since at least 1228.
Staines Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°25’50"N, 0°30’40"W 1856
M3 Chertsey Bridge Road bridge 51°23’39"N, 0°29’11"W 1971 Carrying the M3 motorway
Chertsey Bridge Road bridge 51°23’20"N, 0°29’11"W 1785
Shepperton to Weybridge Ferry Passenger ferry 51°22’56"N, 0°27’25"W 16th century
Walton Bridge (1999) Road bridge 51°23’15"N, 0°25’53"W 1999
Walton Bridge (1953) Pedestrian and cycle bridge 51°23’15"N, 0°25’52"W 1953
Hampton Ferry Passenger ferry 51°24’43"N, 0°21’45"W 1519 From Hampton to Moulsey Hurst, East Molesey
Hampton Court Bridge Road bridge 51°24’13"N, 0°20’33"W 1933
Kingston Bridge Road bridge 51°24’40"N, 0°18’33"W 1828
Kingston Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°24’49"N, 0°18’30"W 1863

Former

Under construction

  • A new bridge is being constructed to replace the Walton Bridges.[4]

The Tidal Thames to London

Richmond Bridge
Chiswick Bridge
Albert Bridge
Chelsea Bridge
Crossing Type Co-ordinates Date opened Notes
Middlesex – Surrey
Teddington Lock Footbridge Pedestrian bridge 51°25’49"N, 0°19’19"W 1889
Hammerton's Ferry Passenger ferry 51°26’48"N, 0°18’51"W 1909 From Marble Hill House (Twickenham) to Ham House (Ham)
Richmond Bridge Road bridge 51°27’27"N, 0°18’25"W 1777
Richmond Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°27’36"N, 0°18’49"W 1848
Twickenham Bridge Road bridge 51°27’38"N, 0°18’51"W 1933
Richmond Lock and Footbridge Lock with pedestrian bridge 51°27’44"N, 0°19’2"W 1894
Kew Bridge Road bridge 51°29’14"N, 0°17’15"W 1903
Kew Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°29’3"N, 0°16’45"W 1869
Chiswick Bridge Road bridge 51°28’23"N, 0°16’11"W 1933
Barnes Railway Bridge Rail and pedestrian bridge 51°28’22"N, 0°15’14"W 1849
Hammersmith Bridge Road bridge 51°29’18"N, 0°13’49"W 1887
Putney Bridge Road bridge 51°28’1"N, 0°12’46"W 1886 Replaced an earlier bridge, opened in 1729
Fulham Railway Bridge Rail and pedestrian bridge 51°27’57"N, 0°12’35"W 1889
Wandsworth Bridge Road bridge 51°27’54"N, 0°11’16"W 1938
Battersea Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°28’23"N, 0°10’45"W 1863 West London Line. Also called the Cremorne Bridge.
Battersea Bridge Road bridge 51°28’52"N, 0°10’21"W 1890 Replaced an earlier bridge, opened in 1771
Albert Bridge Road bridge 51°28’56"N, 0°10’0"W 1873
Chelsea Bridge Road bridge 51°29’4"N, 0°8’59"W 1937

London and Westminster

Tower Bridge
Westminster Bridge
Lambeth Bridge
Crossing Type Co-ordinates Date opened Notes
Middlesex – Surrey
Grosvenor Bridge Rail bridge 51°29’5"N, 0°8’50"W 1859 Also known as Victoria Railway Bridge
Victoria line tunnels Rail tunnel 51°29’14"N, 0°7’39"W 1971 Between Vauxhall and Pimlico
Vauxhall Bridge Road bridge 51°29’15"N, 0°7’37"W 1906
Lambeth Bridge Road bridge 51°29’40"N, 0°7’21"W 1932
Westminster Bridge Road bridge 51°30’3"N, 0°7’19"W 1862
Jubilee Line tunnels Rail tunnel 51°30’4"N, 0°7’18"W 1999 Between Waterloo and Westminster
Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Rail and pedestrian bridges 51°30’22"N, 0°7’13"W 1864 and 2002 Rail bridge flanked by newer pedestrian bridges
Northern line (Charing Cross branch) tunnels Rail tunnel 51°30’23"N, 0°7’10"W 1926 Between Waterloo and Embankment
Bakerloo Line tunnels Rail tunnel 51°30’24"N, 0°7’11"W 1906 Between Waterloo and Embankment
Waterloo Bridge Road bridge 51°30’31"N, 0°7’1"W 1945
Waterloo & City Line tunnels Rail tunnel 51°30’35"N, 0°6’20"W 1898 Between Waterloo and Bank
Blackfriars Bridge Road bridge 51°30’35"N, 0°6’16"W 1869
Blackfriars Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°30’35"N, 0°6’12"W 1886
Millennium Bridge Pedestrian bridge 51°30’35"N, 0°5’55"W 2000
Southwark Bridge Road bridge 51°30’32"N, 0°5’39"W 1921
Cannon Street Railway Bridge Rail bridge 51°30’30"N, 0°5’31"W 1982
City & South London Railway tunnels Disused rail tunnel 51°30’29"N, 0°5’20"W 1890 This railway's original crossing of the river between Borough and King William Street; abandoned in 1900 when the Northern line City branch tunnels were opened on a new alignment
London Bridge Road bridge 51°30’28"N, 0°5’16"W 1973 Other bridges have stood on or near this site since around AD 50
Northern Line (City branch) tunnels Rail tunnel 51°30’28"N, 0°5’13"W 1900 Between London Bridge and Bank
Tower Subway Utility tunnel 51°30’24"N, 0°4’46"W 1870 Formerly an underground railway (the world's first) - now used for water mains and telephone cables and accessible only by authorised personnel
Tower Bridge Road bridge 51°30’20"N, 0°4’32"W 1894

Former

  • At least two Emergency Thames Bridges were erected as a precaution against enemy action during Second World War, both built in 1942 and demolished in 1948:
  1. From Victoria Embankment to County Hall
  2. Millbank

Docklands and Essex / Kent

Thames Tunnel in the mid-19th century
Emirate Air Line cable car link
Thames Barrier
Crossing Type Co-ordinates Date opened Notes
Middlesex – Surrey
Thames Tunnel Rail tunnel 51°30’11"N, 0°3’16"W 1843 The world's first underwater tunnel, linking Wapping to Rotherhithe; now part of the London Overground network
Rotherhithe Tunnel Road tunnel 51°30’23"N, 0°2’55"W 1908 Single carriageway in each direction, with footways on each side. Built originally for horse-drawn carriages. Pedestrians, riders, cyclists are permitted, but advised to use alternatives due to fumes and speed.
Canary Wharf - Rotherhithe Ferry Passenger ferry 51°30’19"N, 0°1’47"W
Jubilee Line tunnels Rail tunnel 51°30’2"N, 0°1’48"W 1999 Between Canada Water and Canary Wharf
Docklands Light Railway tunnel Rail tunnel 51°29’5"N, 0°-0’37"W 1999 Between Island Gardens and Cutty Sark
Middlesex – Kent
Greenwich foot tunnel Pedestrian tunnel 51°29’6"N, 0°-0’35"W 1902
Jubilee Line tunnels Rail tunnel 51°30’1"N, 0°0’19"W 1999 Between Canary Wharf and North Greenwich
Blackwall Tunnel (western) Road tunnel 51°30’13"N, 0°0’14"W 1897 For northbound vehicular traffic only
Blackwall Tunnel (eastern) Road tunnel 51°30’19"N, 0°0’7"W 1967 For southbound vehicular traffic only
Essex – Kent
Jubilee line tunnels Rail tunnel 51°30’17"N, 0°-0’31"E 1999 Between North Greenwich and Canning Town
Millennium Dome electricity cable tunnel Utility tunnel 1999[5] Accessible by authorised personnel only
Emirates Air Line Cable car 51°30’5"N, 0°-0’45"E 2012
Thames Barrier Flood barrier with pedestrian tunnel 51°29’49"N, 0°2’14"E 1984 Service tunnel accessible by authorised personnel only
Woolwich Free Ferry Vehicle ferry 51°29’47"N, 0°3’44"E 1889
Woolwich foot tunnel Pedestrian tunnel 51°29’47"N, 0°3’45"E 1912
Docklands Light Railway tunnel Rail tunnel 51°29’55"N, 0°4’31"E 2009 Between King George V and Woolwich Arsenal stations

Proposed or under construction

  • A new rail tunnel is being constructed between Plumstead and North Woolwich as part of the Crossrail scheme.[6]
  • The Silvertown Link is a proposed bridge or tunnel to relieve the Blackwall Tunnels between the Greenwich Peninsula and West Silvertown.
  • The Gallions Reach Ferry is a proposed ferry service to replace the Woolwich Ferry, between Beckton and Thamesmead.

Thames Estuary

The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge
Crossing Type Co-ordinates Date opened Notes
Essex – Kent
Dartford Cable Tunnel Utility tunnel 51°28’5"N, 0°14’58"E 2005 Carrying electrical cable; accessible by authorised personnel only
Dartford Tunnels Road tunnels 51°27’55"N, 0°15’27"E 1963 and 1980 The northbound element of the Dartford Crossing
Queen Elizabeth II Bridge Road bridge 51°27’52"N, 0°15’31"E 1991 Cable-stayed bridge - the southbound element of the Dartford Crossing
High Speed 1 tunnels Rail tunnel 51°27’46"N, 0°17’37"E 2007 Two 1½-mile tunnels, 23½ feet internal diameter, between West Thurrock and Swanscombe
Gravesend–Tilbury Ferry Passenger ferry 51°26’55"N, 0°22’3"E 1571 or before[7]

Proposed

A Lower Thames Crossing is proposed, at or east of the Dartford Crossing. Three options were announced in April 2009.

See also

References

  1. 'Parishes: Putney' - A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4 (1912), pp. 78-83
  2. Thacker, Fred. S. (1920), The Thames Highway, 2, Locks and Weirs, p. 77 
  3. "River Thames Reading footbridge consultation begins". BBC News. 16 April 2013. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-berkshire-22164236. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  4. "Background to the proposed Walton Bridge". Surrey County Council. http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/roads-and-transport/bridges-and-structures/walton-bridge/background-to-the-proposed-walton-bridge. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  5. Field, Gary (January 2000). "Monitoring settlement in London Clay". Converting Today. http://www.convertingtoday.co.uk/story.asp?storycode=551. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  6. "Hochtief and Vinci win last Crossrail tunnels". The Construction Index. http://www.theconstructionindex.co.uk/news/view/hochtief-and-vinci-win-last-crossrail-tunnels. Retrieved 22 April 2012. 
  7. Map drawn by a one-time Portreve (Mayor) of Gravesend, William Bourne, and included in The Book of Gravesham Sydney Harker, 1979 ISBN 0 86023 091 0]