Lambeth Bridge from the London Eye
Lambeth Bridge is a road bridge crossing the River Thames between Westminster in Middlesex and Lambeth in Surrey, crossing in a west-east direction as the river is flowing north at this point. Downstream, the next bridge is Westminster Bridge; upstream, the next bridge is Vauxhall Bridge.
The most conspicuous colour in the bridge's paint scheme is red, the same colour as the leather benches in the House of Lords, which is at the southern end of the Palace of Westminster nearest the bridge. This is in contrast to Westminster Bridge, which is predominantly green, the same colour as the benches in the House of Commons at the northern end of the Houses of Parliament.
On the Surrey bank stand Lambeth Palace, the Albert Embankment, St. Thomas' Hospital, and the International Maritime Organization. On the Middlesex bank, in the City of Westminster, are Thames House (the headquarters of MI5), behind which is Horseferry House (the National Probation Service headquarters), and Clelland House and Abell House (the headquarters of HM Prison Service), and the Millbank Tower and Tate Britain. The Palace of Westminster is a short walk downstream to the north through the Victoria Tower Garden.
Lambeth Bridge is on the site of a horse ferry which once passed between the Palace of Westminster and Lambeth Palace on the south bank. Its name lives on in Horseferry Road, which forms the approach to the bridge on the north bank.
The first modern bridge was a suspension bridge, 828 feet long, designed by Peter W. Barlow. Sanctioned by an Act of Parliament in 1860, it opened as a toll bridge in 1862 but doubts about its safety, coupled with its awkwardly steep approaches deterring horse-drawn traffic, meant it soon became used almost solely as a pedestrian crossing. It ceased to be a toll bridge in 1879 when the Metropolitan Board of Works assumed responsibility for its upkeep — it was by then severely corroded, and by 1910 it was closed to vehicular traffic.
Authorised by an Act of Parliament, the council in the 1920s becan a redevelopment of the area, including a replacement road bridge linking to a widened Horseferry Road. Before work had started on the project, the 1928 Thames flood caused extensive destruction of property in the Millbank area. Following the flood the Chelsea Embankment was rebuilt and raised, resulting in some minor redesign of the approaches, and creating the open space to the south of Lambeth Bridge now known as Victoria Tower Gardens South. During the period of delay, the bridge was also redesigned to be able to cope with a higher weight of motorised traffic.
The current structure, a five-span steel arch, designed by engineer Sir George Humphreys and architects Sir Reginald Blomfield and G. Topham Forrest, was built by Dorman Long and opened on 19 July 1932 by King George V. It formerly carried four lanes of road traffic (now reduced to three lanes, one of which is a buses-only lane flowing eastbound) from a roundabout junction by the Lambeth Palace northwards to another roundabout, where the Millbank road meets Horseferry Road .
The bridge is notable at road level for the pairs of obelisks at either end of the bridge, which are surmounted by stone pinecones. However, there is a popular urban legend that they are pineapples, as a tribute to Lambeth resident John Tradescant the younger, who is said to have grown the first pineapple in Britain.
The bridge was is a Grade II listed structure, which listing designation includes the parapets, lamps, obelisks and the approach walls.
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
about Lambeth Bridge)
- Lambeth Bridge and its predecessor the Horseferry
- Lambeth Bridge and attached parapets - British Listed Buildings
- Where Thames Smooth Waters Glide
- commemorative pineapples
- Vauxhall Society:Tradescants
- National Heritage List England no. 1393007: Lambeth Bridge and attached parapets, light standards, associated walls to approaches and obelisks (Historic England)
|Bridges and crossings on the River Thames|
|Chelsea Bridge||Grosvenor Bridge||Vauxhall Bridge||Lambeth Bridge||Westminster Bridge||Hungerford Bridge||Waterloo Bridge|