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Axtane Hundred, shown within the Lathe of Sutton-at-Hone and Kent

Axtane is a hundred in northern Kent, to the south-east of Dartford and Wilmington Hundred.[1] It is called Achestan in the Domesday Book,[2] but by the reign of Edward I it was called Axstane. Alternative spellings include Axston, Axstone, Axstane, and Axton, the latter preferred by the Ordnance Survey.[3]

Its name has been interpreted as referring to an oak bearing stony land, or alternatively a reference to the personal name Acca.[4]

In the time of Edward I, the King and the Archbishop of Canterbury were then its lords paramount. In the 20th year of the reign of Edward III (1347, just before the Black Death) this hundred answered for a total of 14.725 knights' fees.

The hundred comprises the ancient parishes of:

The Hundred of Dartford and Wilmington did not exist at the time of the Norman Conquest, and the parishes of Dartford and Wilmington were accounted as part of Axtane in Domesday Book.[5]

The Hundred of Axtane belongs to the Lathe of Sutton at Hone, which itself is named after the village in this hundred.


  1. "Axstane Hundred". Retrieved 2012-09-19. 
  2. The Domesday Book: Kent (Publisher: Phillimore & Co Ltd, 1 Nov 1983)The original text and translation
  3. Hundred of Axton in John Marius Wilson's Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales,1870-72
  4. Dartford Country - The Story Of The Hundred Of Axstane by Geoff Porteus, 1985,ISBN 9780860232032 (page 13)
  5. See The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 1, author:Edward Hasted, publ. 1797

Outside links

Hundreds of Kent

Lathe of Saint Augustine: Bewsborough • Bleangate • Bridge and Petham • Cornilo • Downhamford • Eastry • Kinghamford • Preston • Ringslow • Westgate • Whitstable • Wingham • Lathe of Shepway: Aloesbridge • Bircholt Barony • Bircholt Franchise • Folkestone • Ham • Heane • Hythe • Longport • Loningborough • Newchurch • Oxney • St Martin's Longport • Stowting • Street • Worth • Lathe of Scray: Barkley • Blackborne • Boughton • Calehill • Chart and Longbridge • Cranbrook • Faversham • Felborough • Great Barnfield • Marden • Milton • Rolvenden • Selbrittenden • Sheppey • Tenterden • Teynham • Wye • Lathe of Aylesford: Brenchley and Horsmonden • Chatham and Gillingham • Eyhorne • Hoo • Larkfield and Aylesford • Littlefield • Maidstone • Shamwell • Toltingtrough • Tunbridge Lowey • Twyford • Washlingstone • West Barnfield • Wrotham • Lathe of Sutton at Hone: Axtane • Dartford and Wilmington • Blackheath • Bromley and Beckenham • Codsheath • Little and Lessnes • Ruxley • Somerden • Westerham and Edenbridge