The M54 is a 23-mile east-west motorway in Shropshire and Staffordshire. It is also referred to as the Telford Motorway, after the road's primary westbound destination, the new town of Telford. The motorway cost £65 million to construct, and is two-lane dual carriageway for the majority of its length, with sections of three-lane.
The M54 spur connects the M6 motorway near Essington, Staffordshire with the A5 trunk road at Wellington, Shropshire. The motorway forms part of the strategic route to North Wales, roughly following the path of the Roman Watling Street and the A5 north-westwards, towards the port of Holyhead. It is the only motorway in Shropshire, and forms a vital part of the county's road network. The motorway handles an AADT of between 50,300 (J2-3) and 41,800 (J4-5) vehicles.
The idea of the M54 was originally presented due to the high volumes of traffic on the A5, London to Holyhead road which was largely constructed by civil engineer Thomas Telford in the early 19th century following the route of the Roman Watling Street, which connected Rochester, Kent with Wroxeter, Shropshire. The initial plan for a motorway following the M54's present route was therefore designed to alleviate the roads which handled the commercial traffic to the port of Holyhead, destined for Ireland. With the proposal in the early 1960s for a new town to provide an overspill housing area for the West Midlands conurbation, then named Dawley New Town (designated as Telford in 1967), the M54 was becoming more likely to be built; the government also wanted to increase transport provision to the rest of Shropshire.
In 1967 the Ministry of Transport invited construction company Freeman Fox, Wilbur Smith Associates (FFWSA) to investigate and report on the impact of the New Town proposals on traffic demand between the proposed New Town site and Wolverhampton, and the best highway solution to meet this demand. The predicted demand was that of 75,000 vehicles per day by 1990 and a need for a dual 3-lane motorway. Two corridors were identified for a possible new motorway route, and a third option to possibly upgrade existing roads. The route could have followed the A5 Corridor to the M6 South of Gailey, at junction 12, or a new corridor could have been established to the M6, north-east of Featherstone, at junction 11. Additionally, it was proposed that the existing A5 could be upgraded to full dual carriageway grade-separated standards together with improvements to the A41 and A464 trunk routes.
The Wellington bypass
The first section of the M54 was opened in 1975, then named the A5 Wellington bypass (bypassing one of the existing towns which formed part of Telford), but renumbered the M54 in 1983 when the motorway was extended. The bypass removed traffic from the heavily congested route through the urbanised areas of Oakengates and Wellington, and removed one of the country's most notorious bottlenecks at the Bucks Head crossroads, in Wellington; delays of up to six hours could be experienced in the summer months.
The Wellington bypass was constructed by contractor M. J. Gleeson Ltd, from 1973 to 1975. Many problems followed in the two years after completion; the rigid concrete carriageway broke up, due to the road being built on a poor subbase with rigid concrete along a historically heavily mined route. The aesthetic and constructional design of the bridges was also heavily criticised. Over the next 15 years, almost all of the original carriageway had to be replaced with asphalt.
The 18-mile section between the junction with the M6, and Telford, excluding the Wellington bypass, was divided into four contracts each awarded to different companies; all sections remained under the design of Sir Owen Williams and Partners.
- Contract 1 (Shifnal) was given to A Monk & Co., who utilised a slip-form paver to construct the concrete section, which led to it becoming a standard in future motorway construction.
- Contract 2 (Donington) was awarded to R M Douglas Construction Ltd. The two-year contract was completed in only 18 months, due to the dry weather which allowed the earthworks to be completed ahead of schedule.
- Contract 3 (Codsall) was taken by Alfred McAlpine & Son (Southern) Ltd., and was constructed almost identically to contract 1.
- Contract 4 (Essington) was the largest contract, and was awarded to Tarmac Construction. This section took the longest to complete, and faced opposition from Staffordshire County Council who wanted disruption at the junction with the M6 to remain minimal.
The Forge junction at Telford Town Centre was awarded relatively late, to the company Norwest Holst. The junction precipitated the construction of Telford Shopping Centre, and the central commercial area, as the exchange was upgraded to allow traffic from the motorway to join and exit in both directions. The Forge to Cluddley section, from junction 5 to junction 7, opened to traffic in December 1975. The Hilton Park to Forge section, from the M6 to junction 5, opened in November 1983. The motorway cost £65 million to build,
To help alleviate opposition to the intrusive motorway design, the 60-foot-wide carriageway was built to pass below the natural landscape, where possible. Man-made hills were constructed which, along with the planting of 250,000 new trees, helped to camouflage the motorway from view, and cut down on the noise level. This aesthetic improvement project took two and a half years to complete and employed over 100 people.
The recent strong economic growth and lower unemployment in the Telford area has been attributed to the construction of the motorway: unemployment in the 1980s was over 20%, but by 2004 this figure had fallen to 3.3%. The motorway enabled the development of distribution centres in Telford, and industrial estates such as Hortonwood and Stafford Park have provided employment in the area.
Some of the highest pollution levels in the Telford area are along the M54, particularly in the urban area between junctions 5 and 7.
The road runs west from junction 10A of the M6 motorway near Essington, Staffordshire. It passes south of Featherstone near junction 1 and then north of Bushbury before reaching junction 2. Just before junction 3 with Albrighton the road enters Shropshire. It then passes to the north of Shifnal. Between junction 4 and junction 5, the road passes across the Wolverhampton to Shrewsbury railway line, and through the centre of Telford. Between junctions 6 and 7, the road runs around the south of Wellington before joining the A5, which continues on to Shrewsbury as dual carriageway.
Telford Motorway Service Station opened on 18 March 2003 at junction 4. It is the only service station on this motorway and, if travelling east, the last before Corley on the M6 or Frankley on the M5.
|mile||Eastbound exits (A Carriageway)||Junction||Westbound exits (B Carriageway)||Coordinates|
|0.0||Birmingham, Coventry, Walsall M6|| M6 J10A
||Start of motorway||52°37’44"N, 2°2’52"W|
|1.8||Cannock A460||J1||Cannock A460||52°38’23"N, 2°5’14"W|
|3.5||Wolverhampton, Stafford A449||J2||Wolverhampton A449||52°38’17"N, 2°7’34"W|
|10.9||Wolverhampton (West) A41||J3||Weston, Whitchurch A41||52°39’30"N, 2°17’58"W|
|15.7|| Telford (East) A464
| Telford (East) A464
|17.7||Telford (Centre) A5|| J5
||Telford (Centre) B5072||52°41’0"N, 2°26’55"W|
|19.3|| Telford (West) A518
|J6||Telford (West) A518||52°41’18"N, 2°29’20"W|
|21.9||Start of motorway||J7
||Wellington B5061||52°41’26"N, 2°32’35"W|
|Wellington B5061||Road continues as A5 to Shrewsbury|
- "M54, The Telford Motorway". The Motorway Archive. http://www.iht.org/motorway/m54telford.htm. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
- "M54 the Facts". BBC Shropshire. http://www.bbc.co.uk/shropshire/content/articles/2006/01/11/localtv_m54_facts_feature.shtml. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
- "M54". CBRD – Motorway Database. http://www.cbrd.co.uk/motorway/m54/. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
- "The (A5) London-Holyhead Trunk Road and Slip Roads". opsi.gov.uk. http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1989/Uksi_19892317_en_1.htm. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
- "Why was the M54 necessary?". Shropshire County Council. http://www3.shropshire-cc.gov.uk/roots/packages/tra/tra_y07.htm. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
- "Hansard: 9 Mar 2007 : Column 2249W". House of Commons. 9 March 2007. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200607/cmhansrd/cm070309/text/70309w0002.htm. Retrieved 9 June 2010.
- Neal, Toby (2007). Shropshire since 1900. Telford: Langraish Caiger. p. 78. ISBN 0-9548530-3-2.
- "M54, the Telford Motorway – Statistics". The Motorway Archive. http://www.iht.org/motorway/m54telfstat.htm. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
- "History of Telford". British History Online. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=18062. Retrieved 21 March 2008.
- "V Festival – By Car". V Festival website. Archived from the original on 2 June 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080602082607/http://vfestival.com/parks/page/by-car. Retrieved 16 August 2008.
- "Shrewsbury Flower Show – Contact Us". Shrewsbury Flower Show website. Archived from the original on 30 July 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080730035401/http://www.shrewsburyflowershow.org.uk/uk/index.php?page=menu&event=contact. Retrieved 16 August 2008.
- "Welcome Break Telford". Welcome Break. http://www.welcomebreak.co.uk/FindMotorwayService/Telford.htm. Retrieved 19 April 2008.
- "Telford Services". Motorway Services Online. http://motorwayservicesonline.co.uk/services/telford/. Retrieved 18 April 2008.
|Motorways in the United Kingdom|
Great Britain: M1 • M2 • M3 • M4 • M5 • M6 • M6 Toll • M8 • M9 • M10 • M11 • M18 • M20 • M23 • M25 • M26 • M27 • M32 • M40 • M42 • M45 • M48 • M49 • M50 • M53 • M54 • M55 • M56 • M57 • M58 • M60 • M61 • M62 • M63 • M65 • M66 • M67 • M69 • M73 • M74 • M77 • M80 • M85 • M90 • M180 • M181 • M271 • M275 • M602 • M606 • M621 • M876 • M898 • Sections of A road: A1(M)
Former motorways marked in italics