Diocese of Chichester
|Diocese of Chichester|
Church of England
|Bishops of Horsham, Lewes|
|Archdeaconries:|| Chichester, Horsham|
Lewes & Hastings
|No. of parishes:||389|
|No. of churches:||515|
The seat of the Bishop of Chichester is Chichester Cathedral; the Cathedral Church of the Holy Trinity.
The Bishop of Chichester has overall episcopal oversight of the diocese, but is primarily in charge of the Chichester Episcopal Area which covers Chichester and its environs and also Brighton and Hove.
The Bishop of Chichester is assisted by the Area Bishops of Horsham and Lewes who between them oversee the diocese. The Horsham Episcopal Area covers most of the west of the county apart from parishes under the Diocesan Bishop's direct oversight on the south coast. The Lewes Episcopal Area covers most of the east of the county.
The three archdeaconries of the diocese are Chichester, Horsham, and Lewes & Hastings. The Archdeaconry of Chichester covers the western end of the coastal towns, the Archdeaconry of Horsham the west of the county inland, and the Archdeaconry of Lewes and Hastings the east of the county.
The 21 deaneries of the diocese are:
The Kingdom of Sussex remained steadfastly non-Christian until the arrival of Saint Wilfrid in 681 AD. Wilfrid built his cathedral church in Selsey, and dedicated it to Saint Peter. The original structure would have been made largely of wood. The stones from the old cathedral would have been used in the later church. Some stonework discovered in a local garden wall was believed to have come from the palm cross that stood outside the original cathedral, and is now integrated into the war memorial that is in the perimeter wall outside the church.
In 1066, William of Normandy landed at Hastings, in the diocese, and soon took the throne. He hastily replaced English clergy in favour of his own men; Stigand, Archbishop of Canterbury was replaced in 1070, while in Selsey King William's chaplain, also called Stigand, replaced Æthelric, and this Stigand appeared at the consecration of Lanfranc to Canterbury on 29 August 1070. He died in 1087, his successor, Godfrey William, died within the year, and was succeeded by Ralph de Luffa.
At the Council of London in 1075 the South Saxon see was transferred from Selsey to Chichester. The chronicler William of Malmesbury wrote that Chichester had a church dedicated to St Peter, as well as a convent, and the church might have become the first cathedral.
Chichester Cathedral according to tradition was begun by one of Stigand's successor's, Ralph de Luffa, but the architectural historian R. D. H. Gem argues it is possible that Stigand began the building of Chichester Cathedral,. Tatton-Brown goes further by suggesting that "most of the first church was completed as far as the fourth bay in the nave by the time of Bishop Luffa". The problem for historians is that virtually no legitimate charters or other documents survive from Stigand's time. The loss of most of the documents has been attributed to the sacking of the cathedral by the Parliamentarians in 1642, during the English Civil war.
The cathedral, probably planned during Stigand's tenure, consisted of an eight-bay nave with flanking western towers; however evidence from the fabric shows that only the eastern four bays were built in the first phase.
The seat was moved to Chichester in 1075 under William the Conqueror, and the Bishop of Selsey, Stigand, moved to his new seat to become the first Bishop of Chichester
Child protection scandal
In 2011 the Archbishop of Canterbury appointed an enquiry into the diocese, which discovered that over two decades, child abuse by some clergy had not been prevented by the diocese. Because of concerns that safeguarding still remained dysfunctional, Lambeth Palace took over the oversight of clergy appointments and the protection of children and vulnerable adults in the diocese. A previously judicial enquiry by Baroness Butler-Sloss had led to the conviction of a priest in 2008.
On 13 November 2012 two former clergy of the diocese, including the former Bishop of Lewes, Peter Ball, were arrested by police investigating allegations of child sex abuse in the 1980s and 1990s.
The list of the Bishops of Chichester is as follows:
|Pre-Reformation Bishops of Chichester|
|1075||1087||Stigand||Hitherto Bishop of Selsey; died in office.|
|1088||1088||Godfrey||William; died in office.|
|1091||1123||Ralph de Luffa||Radulphus; died in office.|
|1125||1145||Seffrid (I)||Seffridus Pelochin; also Abbot of Glastonbury; deprived.|
|1147||1169||Hilary||Date of consecration sometimes given as 1133; previously unsuccessfully nominated for York; died in office.|
|1173||1180||John of Greenford||John de Greenford; previously Dean of Chichester; died in office.|
|1180||1204||Seffrid (II)||Seffridus; died in office.|
|1204||1207||Simon of Wells||Simon Sutwell, Simon FitzRobert, Simon de Camera; died in office.|
|1209||1214||Nicholas de Aquila||Gilbert de l'Aigle; Dean of Chichester; election quashed.|
|1215||1217||Richard Poore||Previously Dean of Salisbury; translated to Salisbury then Durham.|
|1217||1222||Ranulf of Wareham||Ralph de Warham; previously Prior of Norwich; died in office.|
|1224||1244||Ralph Neville||Also Lord Chancellor; elected to Canterbury but rejected by the Pope; also unsuccessfully elected to Winchester; died in office.|
|1244||Robert Passelewe||Archdeacon of Lewes; Henry III's favoured candidate; election declared void by Pope Innocent IV.|
|1244||1253||Saint Richard||Richard de Wych; Archbishop Boniface's favoured candidate; election confirmed by Pope Innocent IV; died in office.|
|1253||1262||John Climping||John of Arundel; previously Chancellor of Chichester; died in office.|
|1262||1287||Stephen Bersted||Stephen of Pagham; died in office.|
|1288||1305||Gilbert of St Leonard||Gilbert de Sancto Leofardo; previously Treasurer of Chichester; died in office.|
|1305||1337||John Langton||Also Lord Chancellor; previous election to Ely quashed; died in office.|
|1337||1362||Robert de Stratford||Previously Archdeacon of Canterbury; also Lord Chancellor and Chancellor of the University of Oxford; died in office.|
|1362||1368||William Lenn||William Lullimore; previously Dean of Chichester; translated to Worcester.|
|1369||1385||William Reade||Previously Archdeacon of Rochester; died in office.|
|1386||1389||Thomas Rushhook||Thomas Rushocke; translated from Llandaff; exiled to Breifne.|
|1390||1395||Richard Mitford||Previously unsuccessfully elected to St David's; also Lord Treasurer of Ireland; translated to Salisbury.|
|1395||1396||Robert Waldby||Translated from Dublin; translated to York.|
|1396||1415||Robert Reed||Translated from Carlisle; died in office.|
|1417||Stephen Patrington||Translated from St David's; died immediately after appointment.|
|1418||1420||Henry Ware||Previously official to the Archbishop of Canterbury; died in office.|
|1421||1421||John Kemp||Translated from Rochester; translated to London.|
|1421||1426||Thomas Polton||Thomas Pulton; translated from Hereford; translated to Worcester.|
|1426||1429||John Rickingale||Chancellor of York; died in office.|
|1429||Thomas Brunce||Thomas Brouns; election quashed; later Bishop of Rochester then of Norwich.|
|1430||1438||Simon Sydenham||Simon Sidenham; died in office.|
|1438||1445||Richard Praty||Richard Pratty; also Chancellor of the University of Oxford.|
|1446||1450||Adam Moleyns||Adam Molins; previously Dean of Salisbury; also Lord Privy Seal; died in office.|
|1450||1459||Reginald Pecock||Reginald Peacock; translated from St Asaph; deprived for heresy.|
|1459||1477||John Arundel||Previously Archdeacon of Richmond.|
|1478||1503||Edward Story||Translated from Carlisle.|
|1503||1506||Richard FitzJames||Translated from Rochester; translated to London.|
|1508||1536||Robert Sherborne||Robert Sherburne; translated from St David's; resigned shortly before his death.|
|Bishops of Chichester during the Reformation|
|1536||1543||Richard Sampson||Previously Dean of Lichfield; also Dean of St Paul's; translated to Lichfield & Coventry.|
|1543||1551||George Day||Provost of King's College, Cambridge; deprived by Edward VI.|
|1552||1553||John Scory||Translated from Rochester; deprived by Mary I; later Bishop of Hereford.|
|1553||1556||George Day (again)||Restored by Mary I; died in office.|
|1557||1558||John Christopherson||Previously Dean of Norwich; died in office.|
|Post-Reformation Bishops of Chichester|
|1559||1568||William Barlow]]||Had been deposed by Mary from Bath and Wells (being married); died in office.|
|1570||1582||Richard Curteys||Richard Curtis; died in office.|
|1586||1596||Thomas Bickley||Previously Warden of Merton College, Oxford.|
|1596||1605||Anthony Watson||Previously Lord High Almoner; also Dean of Bristol 1590–1598; died in office.|
|1605||1609||Lancelot Andrewes||Previously Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge; translated to Ely then Winchester.|
|1609||1619||Samuel Harsnett||Previously Archdeacon of Essex; translated to Norwich then York.|
|1619||1628||George Carleton||Translated from Llandaff; died in office.|
|1628||1638||Richard Montagu||Previously Archdeacon of Hereford; translated to Norwich.|
|1638||1641||Brian Duppa||Previously Dean of Christ Church, Oxford; translated to Salisbury.|
|1642||1646||Henry King||Previously Dean of Rochester; deprived of the see when bishops were abolished by Parliament on 9 October 1646.|
|1646||1660||The see was abolished during the Commonwealth and Protectorate.|
|1660||1669||Henry King (again)||Reinstated on the restoration of the episcopacy; died in office.|
|1670||1675||Peter Gunning||Previously Master of St John's College, Cambridge; also Regius Professor of Divinity 1661–1674; translated to Ely.|
|1675||1678||Ralph Brideoake||Previously Dean of Salisbury; died in office.|
|1679||1685||Guy Carleton||Translated from Bristol; died in office.|
|1685||1689||John Lake||Translated from Bristol; deprived as a non-juror.|
|1689||1691||Simon Patrick||Previously Dean of Peterborough; translated to Ely.|
|1691||1696||Robert Grove||Previously Archdeacon of Middlesex; died in office.|
|1696||1709||John Williams||Died in office.|
|1709||1722||Thomas Manningham||Previously Dean of Windsor; died in office.|
|1722||1724||Thomas Bowers||Also Archdeacon of Canterbury since 1721.|
|1724||1731||Edward Waddington||Died in office.|
|1731||1740||Francis Hare||Translated from St Asaph.|
|1740||1754||Matthias Mawson||Translated from Llandaff; translated to Ely.|
|1754||1797||Sir William Ashburnham, 4th Baronet||Previously Dean of Chichester.|
|1798||1824||John Buckner||Sometime Rector of St Giles, London; died in office.|
|1824||1831||Robert Carr||Previously Dean of Hereford; translated to Worcester.|
|1831||1836||Edward Maltby||Translated to Durham.|
|1836||1840||William Otter||Previously Principal of King's College, London; died in office.|
|1840||1842||Philip Shuttleworth||Previously Warden of New College, Oxford; died in office.|
|1842||1870||Ashurst Gilbert||Previously Principal of Brasenose College, Oxford; died in office.|
|1870||1895||Richard Durnford||Previously Archdeacon of Manchester; died in office.|
|1896||1907||Ernest Wilberforce||Translated from Newcastle; died in office.|
|1908||1919||Charles Ridgeway||Previously Dean of Carlisle.|
|1919||1929||Winfrid Burrows||Translated from Truro; died in office.|
|1929||1958||George Bell||Previously Dean of Canterbury; died in office.|
|1958||1974||Roger Wilson KCVO||Translated from Wakefield; retired.|
|1974||2001||Eric Kemp||Previously Dean of Worcester; retired and became "Bishop Emeritus of Chichester".|
|2001||2012||John Hind||Translated from Europe; retired.|
|2012||Martin Warner||Previously suffragan Bishop of Whitby.|
- Diocese of South Saxons - St Peter's, Selsey
- "Diocese of Chichester: About Us". Diocese of Chichester. http://www.diochi.org.uk/index.cfm?fuseaction=about.content&cmid=9. Retrieved 19 Aug 2011.
- "Churches in the Diocese of Chichester ("A Church Near You")". Church of England. http://www.acny.org.uk/result.php?d=10. Retrieved 19 Aug 2011.
- "Chichester Diocese:Assistant and Area bishops". Diocese of Chichester. http://www.diochi.org.uk/index.cfm?fuseaction=about.content&cmid=19. Retrieved 19 Aug 2011.
- "Diocese of Chichester:Archdeacons". Diocese of Chichester. http://www.diochi.org.uk/index.cfm?fuseaction=about.content&cmid=521. Retrieved 19 Aug 2011.
- Tatton-Brown.Chichester Cathedral:The Mediæval Fabric. p.25
- Rowan Williams (30 August 2012). "Archbishop's Chichester Visitation - interim report published". Archbishop of Canterbury. http://www.archbishopofcanterbury.org/articles.php/2604/archbishops-chichester-visitation-interim-report-published. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- "Church of England criticised over Sussex sex abuse". BBC. 25 May 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-sussex-13540173. Retrieved 16 October 2012.
- Episcopy. British Civil Wars, Commonwealth and Protectorate 1638–60. Retrieved on 20 August 2011.
- King, Peter (July 1968). "The Episcopate during the Civil Wars, 1642–1649". The English Historical Review (Oxford University Press) Volume 83 (No 328): pp. 523–537. http://www.jstor.org/pss/564164. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
- "Historical successions: Chichester (including precussor offices)". Crockford's Clerical Directory. http://www.crockford.org.uk/listing.asp?id=702. Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S. et al., eds (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 238–241. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- Greenway, D. E. (1996). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1066–1300: Volume 5: Chichester. British History Online. pp. 1–6. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=34293.
- Horn, J. M. (1964). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1300–1541: Volume 7: Chichester Diocese. British History Online. pp. 1–4. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=32091.
- Horn, J. M. (1971). "Bishops of Chichester". Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae 1541–1857: Volume 2: Chichester Diocese. British History Online. pp. 1–6. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=34642.
- "The South Saxon Diocese". http://www.stpeters-selsey.org.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
- "Church of England Statistics 2002". http://www.cofe.anglican.org/info/statistics/churchstatistics2002. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- "Diocese of Chichester Website". Diocese of Chichester. http://www.diochi.org.uk. Retrieved 19 Aug 2011.
- "A Church Near You". Church of England. http://www.acny.org.uk. Retrieved 19 Aug 2011.
- Tatton-Brown, Tim (1994). Mary Hobbs. ed. The Mediæval Fabric in Chichester Cathedral: An Historic Survey. Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-924-3.
|Dioceses of the Church of England|
Province of Canterbury: