Lindsey is the northern part of Lincolnshire; the northernmost, largest and most populous of that county's three ancient parts. It takes up approximately half of the county and has a population of 594,243. (map)
The landscape of Lindsey is that of Lincolnshire as a whole; there is much low-lying drained fenland in the north, in the east reaching in from the coast, and along the south shore of the Humber, which marks the end of the county, and in the adjoining Isle of Axholme. Inland, western Lindsey has more varied farmland, out to the Nottinghamshire boundary. The Lincoln Edge runs through Lindsey, the backbone of the county running south to north until in sight of the Humber.
Lindsey is older than Lincolnshire itself, having formed the Kingdom of Lindsey in Anglo-Saxon times, a territory which changed hands on occasion between the Mercian and Northumbrians. Lincolnshire was apparently formed by joining the Lindisware with the territory of Stamford.
Lindsey is itself divided into three ridings, the North, West and South Ridings, and then subdivided into wapentakes.
- The West Riding covers the western part, including Gainsborough, Scunthorpe and Spital.
- The North Riding covers the north-east, including Barton upon Humber, Caistor, Cleethorpes, Brigg, Grimsby, and Market Rasen.
- The South Riding covers the south-east, including Louth, Mablethorpe and Skegness.
The three ridings all meet at a point near Lissington.
Name and history
Lindsey is older than Lincolnshire and has a name older in origin, meaning "Island of the Lindisse", after an English tribe who maintained a kingdom here during the early Anglo-Saxon period, poised uncomfortably between the rival claims of the Mercians and Northumbrians. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and refers to the Lindisse and Lindisware, until in 993 appears Lindesig.
The name of the Lindisse is yet older however than the English, found in Latin as Lindum, for an old British original, and which gives us also the name of the City of Lincoln (Lindum Colonia).
The Kingdom of Lindsey was conquered by Edwin of Northumbria in 627, who introduced Christianity to it, through the ministry of Paulinus. Later the Mercians retook it. The Danes overran the Lindisware, landing at Humberstone near Grimsby, and marched to Bardney, where they massacred the monks in church. It became part of the Danelaw until the reconquest, which allowed Lincolnshire to coalesce.
- Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Laud Chronicle (993) þam com to Humbranmuðe se here. 7 þær mycel yfel gewrohtan ægðer ge on Lindesige ge on Norðhymbran – The [Danish] army came to the Humber-mouth and there wrought much evil both in Lindsey and in Northumbria.
|Wapentakes of Lincolnshire|
Holland: Elloe • Kirton • Skirbeck • Kesteven: Aswardhurn • Aveland • Beltisloe • Boothby Graffoe • Flaxwell • Grantham Soke • Langoe • Loveden • Ness • Winnibriggs and Threo • Lindsey: West Riding: Aslacoe • Corringham • Manley • Lawress • Well • North Riding: Bradley Haverstoe • Ludborough • Walshcroft • Yarborough • South Riding: Bolingbroke • Calceworth • Candleshoe • Gartree • Hill • Horncastle • Louth Eske • Wraggoe