The Furness Fells are the fells and hills in High Furness; the northern part of Lancashire North of the Sands, and here are found Lancashire greatest summits, including the county's highest point, the Old Man of Coniston. The fells form part of the Lake District.
Tourism in High Furness was promoted by the writings of Beatrix Potter in the early part of the 20th century. Potter was one of the largest landowners in the area, eventually donating her many properties to the National Trust. It was not off the visitors’ maps before then though and some of William Wordsworth’s most soaring verses were written amongst these peaks.
Amongst these fells is only one noteworthy tarn, Seathwaite Tarn, which is nevertheless the third-largest tarn in the Lakes. The Furness Fells also meet the edge of the greatest lake of the Lake District, Windermere; the hills of the Grizedale Forest rising above its western shore. Coniston Water, one of the finest of the lakes, is in the heart of the Furness Fells, between the Grizedale Forest and the Coniston Fells.
The Furness Fells are separated from the Scafell and Bow Fell mountains to the north by the Wrynose Pass. Coniston Old Man, with an elevation of approximately 2,634 feet high and which lies to the west of Coniston village and Coniston Water, has the highest summit in the group. The Furness Fells can be ascended from: Seathwaite in the Duddon Valley, Coniston village or Wrynose Pass. Windermere Bowness on Windermere Ambleside Coniston Hawkshead Keswick Towns and Villages Northern Lake District Southern Lake District Western Lake District Eastern Lake District Lake Windermere Coniston Water Derwent Water Ullswater
The highest point of the region is the Old Man of Coniston at 2,634 feet in the Coniston Fells, and its close companion to the north, Swirl How, which vies with it for height pending detailed measurement. Other notable summits include Dow Crag and Wetherlam and Swirl How, all amongst the central group known as the Coniston Fells.
The term Furness Fells is also sometimes used synonymously with Coniston Fells, though the Coniston Fells properly form only the central part of the Furness Fells; a part which contains all the highest mountains. The Coniston Fells form part of the Southern Fells of the Lake District defined by Alfred Wainwright.
The Coniston Fells are separated from the Scafell and Bowfell massif to their north by Wrynose Pass, and are surrounded on all other sides by lower ground. Coniston Old Man, the highest summit in the group, is the farthest south 2,000-foot summit in the Lake District (using a 100-foot relative height criterion to determine what is an independent summit).
Seathwaite Tarn above the Duddon is the third-largest tarn in the Lake District; Levers Water, Low Water, Goat's Water and Blind Tarn are also located in the Coniston Fells group.
Coniston Fells Summits
The highest summits of the Coniston Fells are:
- Old Man of Coniston, 803m
- Swirl How, 2,635 feet
- Dow Crag, 2,552 feet
- Grey Friar, 2,536
- Wetherlam, 2,503 feet
- Black Sails, 2,444 feet
- Great Intake, 1,604 feet
These summits all have more than 100 feet of relative height (a commonly used criterion for being a separate summit). Alfred Wainwright included three more tops and made mention of two more:
- and made appreciative mention of two more:
South of White Pike, there is a significant loss of altitude before the Dunnerdale Fells rise up. These are a distinct group of the Furness Fells, southwest of Coniston Old Man and looking over Dunnerdale, the valley of the River Duddon, which forms the border with Cumberland to the west.
- Main article: Grizedale Forest
The Grizedale Forest lies east of the Coniston Fells, divided from them by the great dale in which lies of Coniston Water. The Forest extends westward to Windermere, which marks the border with Westmorland. This is a far gentler land than the great fells, for though some summits do reach over 1,000 feet, it is a place of more gently rolling hills and woodlands managed by the Forestry Commission.
- The Lancashire Gazetteer (1808), Joseph Aston
- Nuns fret not... (1807), a sonnet by William Wordsworth