Severn Valley Railway
|Severn Valley Railway|
Shropshire, Staffordshire, Worcestershire
Pannier tank 5764 crossing the Victoria Bridge
|No. of stations:||8 (including 2 "halts")|
|Operated by:||Severn Valley Railway Company|
The Severn Valley Railway is a heritage railway in Shropshire, Staffordshire and Worcestershire, operating on a sixteen-mile track which runs along the Severn Valley from Bridgnorth in Shropshire to Kidderminster in Worcestershire, following the course of the River Severn for much of its route. Train services are hauled predominantly by steam locomotives; however diesel traction is also sometimes used on designated days and during periods of high fire risk.
The railway is one of the most popular heritage railways in the country as well as being the sixth-longest standard gauge heritage line in the United Kingdom. It hosts numerous special events throughout the year, including both steam and diesel galas.
The original Severn Valley line was built between 1858 and 1862, and linked Hartlebury, near Droitwich, with Shrewsbury, a distance of forty miles. Important stations on the line were Stourport-on-Severn and Bewdley within Worcestershire; Arley in Staffordshire; and Highley, Hampton Loade, Bridgnorth, Coalport, Ironbridge and Broseley, Buildwas, Cressage and Berrington in Shropshire. The original Severn Valley Railway was absorbed into the Great Western Railway in the 1870s, and in 1878 a link line was constructed from Bewdley to Kidderminster. This meant that trains could run direct from the Black Country to areas of Shropshire.
Most Kidderminster to Bewdley trains continued through the Wyre Forest line (dismantled in the 1960s and now a popular walking route) to Tenbury Wells or Woofferton. At Buildwas Junction (now the site of Ironbridge Power Station near what is now Telford) Severn Valley trains connected with services from Wellington to Much Wenlock and Craven Arms.
The Severn Valley line was never financially successful. Freight traffic, mostly agricultural, and coal traffic from the collieries of Alveley and Highley were the principal sources of revenue. The line was strategically useful in the Second World War as a by-pass around the Black Country conurbation.
After nationalisation in 1948, passenger traffic started to dwindle. The line was closed to through passenger and freight services in 1963 and the track north of Bridgnorth was dismantled. Whilst it is generally believed that the line was closed under the "Beeching Axe" of the 1960s, the Severn Valley Line was, in fact, already scheduled for closure prior to the release of Beeching's 1962 report. After 1963, coal traffic survived south of Alveley until 1969, while a sparse passenger service continued to link Bewdley with Kidderminster and Hartlebury, until this too ceased in January 1970.
Today, a very small section of the original Severn Valley line continues to carry coal traffic to Ironbridge Power Station.
For much of its working life it was operated by the Great Western Railway and subsequently the Western Region of British Railways. Today the Severn Valley Railway operates as a heritage railway. Services began in 1970 from Bridgnorth to Hampton Loade, extending to Bewdley in 1974 and Kidderminster in 1984.
2010 marked the Severn Valley railway's 40th anniversary since opening in 1970 and the 175th anniversary of the formation of the Great Western Railway. Special events were staged during the year to commemorate these events. 2015 marks the 50th anniversary since the birth of the Severn Valley Railway on Tue 6 July 1965 and a number of events are planned for 2015 and a special lineup is being planned for the September "Autumn Steam Gala" which will be taking place in September.
SVR trains usually operate over the whole line length calling at most stations. The "halts" (Northwood Halt and Country Park Halt) are request stops. Passengers may use these halts during daylight hours only. Trains include the Severn Valley Limited and the Severn Valley Venturer which are the principal dining car trains (normally on Sundays).
Many special gala days are held, often with visiting engines and rolling stock from other heritage lines; these and other attractions have seen visitor numbers exceed 250,000 per year.
A diesel multiple unit is used to run a Scenic Evening Land Cruise fish-and-chip special train run on Saturday evenings from May to August, leaving Kidderminster at around 7pm and returning at 10pm after one hour in Bridgnorth. The Severn Valley Venturer is a dining car that runs on the railway.
The SVR's rail connection to the National Rail network at Kidderminster permits various track maintenance, weed killing, track measurement and occasional through charter trains to operate from various parts of the country to Bridgnorth. An example of these visitors was that of the VSOE Northern Belle in 2006. Two direct trains to London Marylebone from Bridgnorth operated by Chiltern Railways ran in 2009, one on 15 August and one on 28 November. Some trackwork revisions have been completed at Kidderminster to improve ingress of incoming excursions.
The railway operated two revenue-earning freight trains in May 2007 which carried 20-foot-long pipes from Kidderminster to the Severn Trent water handling plant at Trimpley. Carriage by road of such long pipes would have been difficult because of the narrow roads in the immediate area of Trimpley.
Major infrastructure damage – summer 2007
During violent thunderstorms on the evening of 19 June 2007 the railway suffered major damage, much more extensive than any in its history. The line was damaged between Bridgnorth Outer Home signal and Northwood Halt, where the line suffered from numerous landslides with many sections of the line suspended in mid-air.(BBC photo) Many cuttings were filled with debris. At Highley the Up Starter signal and the embankment that it used to stand on were washed away. At Hampton, the access road to the railway station – and indeed the only road to the village – was also washed away. (BBC photo).
A dozen other heritage railways pledged to help the stricken SVR, including Mid Hants Railway, Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway, West Somerset Railway, Avon Valley Railway, Dean Forest Railway, Great Central Railway, North Yorkshire Moors Railway and Bluebell Railway.
An emergency fundraising campaign raised the millions required to set the railway to rights, though even then the repair work was disrupted by further storms.
The Bridgnorth to Hampton Loade section eventually re-opened on 9 February 2008 for the school half-term. Although other drainage work enhancements remained to be completed, the line between Kidderminster and Bridgnorth reopened fully to the public on Good Friday, 21 March 2008. The work increased to 144 the number of culverts under the line, where previously there were 44 before the 2007 floods.
- Bridgnorth, the only station building with any form of listing.
- Eardington Halt, originally just Eardington (closed in 1981, currently used for storage only, though a few volunteers have campaigned for its re-opening in recent years)
- Hampton Loade
- Country Park Halt (request stop) replaced Alveley Halt
- Alveley Halt (never re-opened by SVR after BR closure, due to it serving a now closed mine, and the opening of the new Country Park Halt)
- Northwood Halt (request stop)
- Bewdley Passing the West Midland Safari Park
- Kidderminster Town
With the exception of the two request halts (Country Park and Northwood), all intermediate stations have the ability to pass trains on the single line. However, Highley's passing loop lacks a platform and Facing Point Locks on points to attached sidings, a legal requirement for passenger-carrying line, meaning trains carrying fare-paying passengers may not use this loop. However, it is frequently used for works trains, demonstration goods trains and empty stock workings. Despite this, the Severn Valley Railway offers, possibly, the most intensive service on any single line heritage railway. A short section of multiple track exists between Bewdley South and Bewdley North signal boxes.
Kidderminster Town station is not an original station. It was created by the SVR, based upon the original GWR station at Ross-on-Wye (1892). Various projects have been carried out by volunteers and contractors to add to the general GWR ambience. Major projects include the porte cochère to the front of the station, the ornamental crestings on the two towers and the canopy over the concourse which was completed in 2006, along with the final, east, wing of the station.
There are plans to provide new catering, shop and toilet facilities at Bridgnorth.
For many years, the SVR official website has confirmed that 'the railway land north of Bridgnorth has been long since sold, and there is now no possibility of Severn Valley trains reaching Ironbridge and Shrewsbury ever again' The 559-yard-long Bridgnorth Tunnel is still in existence, as is the old trackbed between both Coalport and Bridgnorth.
The railway can call on a large fleet to operate its services. Only a diminishing core of vehicles actually belong to the railway company, the remainder being owned by associated groups, such as the Great Western (Severn Valley Railway) Association, and individuals. The SVR is also the base of the DMU (diesel multiple unit) West Midland Group. Locomotives and stock from the railway do not now often operate excursions on the National Rail network, but they have in the past been seen from Mallaig to Plymouth.
The main locomotive works are located at Bridgnorth. It is not normally open to the public but conducted tours and open days are arranged from time to time. Major features of the locomotive works include the boiler shop equipped with overhead crane, Noble and Lunn wheel lathe, ex-LT lifting jacks and a Wheeldrop recovered from Leicestershire, installed in 2010. Works to enclose the southern end of Bridgnorth locomotive shed with roller shutter doors, improve natural illumination and waterproof the building more effectively were completed in early 2009. This forms the first of a number of phases to improve the Bridgnorth site both for staff and for visitors.
Although carriage repair and restoration is carried out at a number of locations on the railway, the main carriage works is located in the former goods shed at Kidderminster. This building, lying adjacent to the main national railway line, is known as the North Star Carriage Works thus perpetuating a typical GWR name. As well as having a machine shop and fabrication equipment to carry out a full range of body and bogie repairs the carriage works boasts equipment recovered from former BR works to calibrate and adjust dynamo voltage regulators and to thoroughly overhaul and test vacuum brake equipment, a facility that is almost extinct elsewhere. In common with the locomotive works it is not normally open to the public due to health and safety legislation.
The Engine House
The Engine House, built on land adjacent to the station at Highley provides covered accommodation for locomotives currently out of service, displays of other rolling stock, and an education/interpretation centre. Although it was due to be open mid/late 2007, the planned opening dates were affected by the flood damage at Highley station with rail access to the site finally being installed in March 2008. The first exhibits arrived by rail on 14 and 16 March 2008, allowing the museum to open in conjunction with the full line reopening. In late 2008 access was not possible by rail as passenger trains did not stop at Highley station whilst footings and parts of a new footbridge were built. Highley station reopened in 2009 and the new footbridge was completed during October 2009.
Although the Engine House was due to be formally opened by Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester on 28 April 2009 he was unable to attend due to illness; Algernon Heber-Percy, Lord Lieutenant of Shropshire deputised in the Prince's absence. It was formally opened by the Duke during a rescheduled visit on 21 October 2009.
Perhaps interestingly, the land on which the Engine House stands was previously owned by the SVR prior to sale and eventual re-purchase.
The railway in television and film
- The 1976 BBC television adaptation of Charles Dickens' short story The Signalman was filmed around the cutting on the Kidderminster side of the Bewdley Tunnel. A replica signal box was constructed in the cutting, while interior scenes were filmed in the actual signal box at Highley.
- Portions of The Seven-Per-Cent Solution (1976) were filmed on the railway.
- Scenes between Bewdley and Hampton Loade stations were filmed for the Walt Disney Productions film Candleshoe (screened 1977), starring David Niven and Jodie Foster, were shot in 1976.
- The 1977 television film version of Silver Blaze used the railway.
- The 1978 film version of The Thirty Nine Steps was partly filmed on the railway—specifically, the scenes where Hannay (Robert Powell) hangs from Victoria Bridge. The scene is supposed to be set in Scotland, and the landscape is very out of place for that area.
- The BBC TV children's series God's Wonderful Railway (1980) was filmed on the SVR.
- Bridgnorth station was used in 1981 as part of a sketch for the TV comedy Not the Nine O'Clock News. In the sketch, Mel Smith's character observes a steam train passing by without stopping and refers to it as an "old chuffer", forming part of a sequence of puns around the protagonist's wife.
- In 1984, scenes for the BBC TV series The District Nurse were filmed at Bewdley station. Also in 1984, Arley station was used for the BBC TV adaptation of The Box of Delights.
- The SVR featured in the BBC TV's 1987 adaptation of Agatha Christie's Miss Marple novel 4.50 From Paddington. Scenes were shot in and around Bewdley station.
- Scenes featuring LMS 4MT no. 43106 were included in the 1987 TV serial Knights of God.
- Bewdley station doubled for "Hilton" railway station in the Merchant Ivory Productions 1992 film of Howards End (film) by E.M. Forster.
- The line was featured in the 1993 adaptation of Death at the Bar an episode of The Inspector Alleyn Mysteries.
- Between 1995-97 the railway was used for filming the sitcom Oh, Doctor Beeching!. The exterior shots for the series were filmed in Arley station, where a false row of cottages was temporarily erected in the goods yard.
- The 1998 ITV family drama Goodnight Mister Tom had its station sequences filmed in early spring at Arley—for which trains ran through without stopping for two weeks.
- In the 2005 film, The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe GWR Manor no. 7802 Bradley Manor appeared with the train that brought the Pevensies to the nearest station to the Professor's house.
- Victoria Bridge appears briefly in the 2011 film Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows when Holmes pushes Dr Watson's wife, Mary, off a train as it goes over a bridge.
- Bewdley and Kidderminster, locomotive 42968, and the rake of LNER coaches featured in a sequences of Dancing on the Edge, a five-part dramatisation by Stephen Poliakoff, filmed in February 2012 and aired in February 2013.
- In 2012, the BBC 2 documentary series Great British Railway Journeys (presented by Michael Portillo) visited the SVR, filming one of the series latest journeys for its fourth series which was broadcast in January 2013.
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
about Severn Valley Railway)
- The Severn Valley Railway:
- www.svrwiki.com SVR wiki
- Handbook to the Severn Valley Railway (1863)
- ITV Local Severn Valley Railway footage
- Re-opening on ITV Local
- Siviter, Roger (1995). Past and Present special: The Severn Valley Railway. Wadenhoe: Past & Present Publishing. ISBN 1-85895-080-5.
- John Marshall (railway historian) (1989). The Severn Valley Railway. Newton Abbot: David St John Thomas. ISBN 0-946537-45-3.
- "Saturday evening trains". http://www.svr-visitor.org.uk/.
- Jones, Robin (5 July – 1 August 2007). "Preservation's Boscastle! – Severn Valley wrecked by freak £1m storm". Heritage Railway (100): 6–9.
- Dunn, Pip (September 2007). "Severn Valley – the aftermath". Railways Illustrated 5 (9): 20–1.
- "Flash floods hit homes and roads". BBC News. 20 June 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/hereford/worcs/6769829.stm. Retrieved 23 May 2010.
- "Storm that stopped railway in its tracks". Shropshire Star: p. 32. 19 March 2015. From statement by SVR General Manager, Nick Ralls.
- Smith, D. J. (1987). "Kidderminster's extraordinary terminus". Railway Magazine 133: 227–9.
- "History of the Severn Valley Railway". Consolidation. http://www.svr.co.uk/History.aspx. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- Williams, D. C.; McQuade, H. J. (1998). Severn Valley Railway Stock Book. Bewdley; Bridgnorth: Severn Valley Railway.
- "Great Western (SVR) Association". http://www.gw-svr-a.org.uk/.
- Haynes, Mike (Autumn 1998). "25 years later: the Great Western (SVR) Association celebrates 25 years". Severn Valley Railway News (128): 48–52.
- Ridgway, C. R. P. (1980). "The Severn Valley Railway - locomotive maintenance at Bridgnorth". Railway World 41: 77–83.
- Hardingham, Roger (1982). "The Bridgnorth Locomotive Works". Trains Illustrated: Railway Preservation (44): 13–17.
- Peter Haining (1994). The Television Sherlock Holmes. Virgin Books. pp. 77–78. ISBN 0-86369-793-3.
- "Niven and Co roll in for Disney film caper". Shropshire Star: p. 28. 19 March 2015. Severn Valley Railway Golden Jubilee Souvenir Supplement.
- SVR Press Information
- "Railway's TV scenes are captured". Bridgnorth Journal: p. 10. 17 February 2012.