Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross
|Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross|
Church of Ireland
St Finbarre's Cathedral
|Cathedral:|| Saint Finbarre's Cathedral,|
Cathedral Church of St. Fachtna,
The Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross, also referred to as the United Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross is a diocese of the Church of Ireland, and part of the Province of Dublin. The presiding bishop is the Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross.
The diocese is the result of a combination of bishoprics of Cork and Cloyne in 1429, the Cork and Cloyne with Ross in 1583, the separation of Cork and Ross from Cloyne in 1660 and the re-combination of Cork and Ross with Cloyne in 1835.
History of the Diocese of Cork
The Diocese of Cork was one of the twenty-four dioceses established at the Synod of Rathbreasail in the year 1111 on an ancient bishopric founded by Saint Finbarr in 876. On 30 July 1326, Pope John XXII, on the petition of King Edward II, issued a papal bull for the union of the bishoprics of Cork and Cloyne, the union to take effect on the death of either bishop. The union should have taken effect on the death of Philip of Slane in 1327, however, bishops were still appointed to each separate bishopric. The union eventually took place with Jordan Purcell appointed bishop of the united see of Cork and Cloyne in 1429. Following the Reformation, the diocese was again split and from 1583, Ross and Cork shared a bishop. In 1835 Cloyne was merged with Ross and Cork.
History of the Diocese of Cloyne
The diocese of Cloyne has its origins in the monastic settlement founded by St Colman in the 6th century. Cloyne was not one of the dioceses established at the Synod of Rathbreasail, but a bishop of Cloyne was ruling the diocese by 1148, which was recognized at the Synod of Kells in March 1152. The see was merged with Cork to form the Diocese of Cork and Cloyne in 1429.
History of the Diocese of Ross
This see was founded by St Fachtna, and the place-name was variously known as Roscairbre (Rosscarbery) and Rosailithir (Ross of the pilgrims). St. Fachtna founded the School of Ross as well as the see; and his death occurred about 590, on 14 August, on which day his feast is celebrated. At that time the chiefs of the tuath were the O'Leary, known as Uí Laoghaire Ruis Ó gCairbre. By 1160, Ross (distinct from the Scottish Diocese of Ross) was an independent bishopric. In 1207, the Norman King, John of England, granted the cantred of Rosailithir to David Roche, regardless of the claims of the native chief, the O'Driscoll, but the episcopal manors were left undisturbed. In 1306, the value of the bishop's mensa was 26 marks, while the cathedral was valued at 3 marks; and the tribal revenue of the see was but 45 pounds sterling. The number of parishes was 29, divided into 3 divisions; and there was a Cistercian abbey, Carrigilihy (de fonte vivo); also a Benedictine Priory at St. Mary's, Ross. The Franciscans acquired a foundation at Sherkin Island from the O'Driscolls in 1460.
Blessed Thady MacCarthy was appointed Bishop of Ross in 1482, but was forcibly deprived of his see in 1488. However, he was translated to the united bishopric of Cork and Cloyne in 1490; was again a victim of political intrigues, and died a confessor at Ivrea in 1492, being beatified in 1895. In 1517 the revenue of the diocese was but 60 marks. At that date the chapter was complete with 12 canons and 4 vicars, and there were 27 parishes, including three around Berehaven.
Following the Reformation, the merged dioceses of "Cork and Cloyne" were again split with Ross and Cork sharing a bishop from 1583 onwards.
- Saint Finbarre's Cathedral, Cork city, Cork.
- Cathedral Church of St Fachtna, Rosscarbery, Ross.
- St Coleman's Cathedral, Cloyne.
This bishop is successor to the Bishop of Cork (from 876), Bishop of Cloyne (from 887) and Bishop of Ross (from 1160, and distinct from the Scottish Bishop of Ross). They were combined to establish the Bishop of Cork and Ross (from 1583) and the current position Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross (from 1835).
|Bishops of Cork, Cloyne and Ross|
|1583||1617||William Lyon||Appointed Bishop of Ross in 1582; he was granted in commendam the united see of Cork and Cloyne November 1583; died 4 October 1617.|
|1618||1620||John Boyle||Nominated 22 April 1618; letters patent 25 August 1618; died 10 July 1620.|
|1620||1638||Richard Boyle||Nominated 23 August 1620; consecrated November 1620; translated to Tuam 30 May 1638; father of Michael Boyle.|
|1638||1660||The see was divided into the bishopric of Cork and Ross and the bishopric of Cloyne. They were reunited in 1660.|
|1660||1663||Michael Boyle||Nominated 6 August 1660; consecrated 27 January 1661; translated to Dublin 27 November 1663; son of Richard Boyle.|
|1663||1678||Edward Synge||Translated from Limerick, Ardfert and Aghadoe; nominated 24 August 1663; letters patent 21 December 1663; died 22 December 1678.|
|1678||1835||The see was divided again into the bishopric of Cork and Ross and the bishopric of Cloyne. Since 1835, they have remained united.|
|1835||1848||Samuel Kyle||Bishop of Cork and Ross since 1831; became Bishop of Cork, Cloyne and Ross 14 September 1835; died 18 May 1848.|
|1848||1857||James Wilson||Nominated 24 June 1848; consecrated 30 July 1848; died 5 January 1857.|
|1857||1862||William FitzGerald||Nominated 27 January 1857; consecrated 8 March 1857; translated to Killaloe and Clonfert 3 February 1862.|
|1862||1878||John Gregg||Nominated 15 January 1862; consecrated 16 February 1862; died 26 May 1878.|
|1878||1893||Robert Gregg||Translated from Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin; elected 27 June 1878; confirmed 4 July 1878; translated to Armagh 14 December 1893.|
|1893||1912||Edward Meade||Elected 5 December 1893; consecrated 6 January 1894; died 12 October 1912.|
|1912||1933||Charles Dowse||Translated from Killaloe and Clonfert; elected 22 November 1912; confirmed 23 December 1912; resigned 15 September 1933; died 13 January 1934.|
|1933||1938||William Edward Flewett||Elected 6 October 1933; consecrated 30 November 1933; died 5 August 1938.|
|1938||1952||Robert Thomas Hearn||Elected 19 October 1938; consecrated 13 November 1938; died 14 July 1952.|
|1952||1956||George Otto Simms||Elected 2 October 1952; consecrated 28 October 1952; translated to Dublin 11 December 1956.|
|1957||1978||Richard Perdue||Translated from Killaloe and Clonfert; elected 31 January 1957; confirmed 19 February 1957; resigned 20 May 1978.|
|1978||1987||Samuel Poyntz||Elected 20 June 1978; consecrated 17 September 1978; translated to Connor.|
|1988||1998||Robert Warke||Elected 1988; retired 1998.|
|1999||present||Paul Colton||Elected 29 January 1999; consecrated 25 March 1999.|
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
about Diocese of Cork, Cloyne and Ross)
- Church of Ireland. "Dioceses and parishes". http://www.ireland.anglican.org/index.php?do=information.dioceses. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (Third ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 344. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- "Our History". Diocese of Cloyne, Ireland. Archived from the original on 2009-12-31. https://web.archive.org/web/20091231062918/http://www.cloynediocese.ie/history.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (Third ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 342. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- O'Flanagan, P. and Buttimer, C.G. Cork History and Society, Interdisciplinary Essays on the History of an Irish County, Geography Publications, Dublin 1993 p. 216
- "The Episcopal Succession". Cork, Cloyne and Ross. The diocese. Archived from the original on 4 August 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080804132601/http://www.cork.anglican.org/bishop/episcopalsuccession.htm. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
|Church of Ireland dioceses|
Province of Armagh: Armagh •
Derry and Raphoe •
Down and Dromore •
Kilmore, Elphin and Ardagh •
Tuam, Killala and Achonry