Diocese of Clogher
|Diocese of Clogher|
Church of Ireland
St Macartin's Cathedral, Enniskillen
|Cathedral:|| 1) St Macartin's Cathedral, Enniskillen|
2) St Macartan's Cathedral, Clogher
The Diocese of Clogher is a diocese of the Church of Ireland within the Province of Armagh. It covers a rural area of south-western Ulster on both sides of the border, taking in most of the counties of Fermanagh and Monaghan and parts of the counties of Cavan, Leitrim and Donegal.
Overview and history
The Diocese was formed in 1111 at the Synod of Rathbreasail as the see for the Kingdom of Uí Chremthainn. The See was removed to Louth between 1135 and 1197, possibly to consolidate the power of the Bishop over against smaller bishoprics, before being returned to Clougher. At this time Louth was moved to the Diocese of Armagh, and the Ardstraw part of the diocese given to the Diocese of Derry.
The diocese was reformed, along with the whole of the Church of Ireland, from the reign of King Henry VIII. In the 19th century, at the time of the Disestablishment of the Church, confiscated by the state. Schools, churches and cathedrals were however returned to the Church.
The diocese is rare within the Anglican Communion in having two diocesan cathedrals (another example being the diocese of Argyll and the Isles in the Scottish Episcopal Church, with cathedrals at Oban and on the isle of Great Cumbrae. although the Church of England's recently created Diocese of Leeds has no fewer than three cathedrals and one 'Pro-Cathedral'.
During the 18th century Clogher was one of the Bishop’s boroughs of the Parliament of Ireland where the Bishop of the Diocese appointed the member of parliament.
|Pre-Reformation Bishops of Clogher|
|unknown||1135||Cináeth Ua Baígill||Died in office.|
|1135||1138||Christian of Clogher||died in office.|
|1138||1140||Edanus||(Áed Ua Cáellaide); Canon Regular; styled Bishop of Louth from 1140.|
|Bishops of Louth|
|1140||1178||Áed Ua Cáellaide||Resigned before May 1178; died in office on 29 March 1182.|
|1178||1186/87||Maelisu O'Carroll (Malachias)||Mael Ísu Ua Cerbaill; elected before 18 May 1178; also Archbishop of Armagh from 1184; died in office.|
|c.1187||1193||Christianus||; Gilla Críst Ua Mucaráin died in office.|
|Pre-Reformation Bishops of Clogher|
|1194||1197||Máel Ísu Ua Máel Chiaráin OCist.||Died in office.|
|c.1197||1218||Gilla Tigernaig Mac Gilla Rónáin||Thomas; died in office.|
|c.1218||1227||Donat Fury||Donatus Ó Fidabra; translated to Armagh c. August 1227|
|1227||1240||Nehemias Ó Brácáin OCist||Elected in September 1227; consecrated c. 1228; died in office before 15 November 1240.|
|1240||1245||See vacant||Probably due to the action by Donatus Archbishop of Armagh who was seeking to unite the two sees of Armagh and Clogher.|
|c.1245||1267||David Ó Brácáin OCist||Elected c. 1245; died in office.|
|1268||1287||Michael Mac an tSáir||Elected in 1268; consecrated 9 September 1268; resigned before 1287; died 1288.|
|1287||c.1310||Matthaeus Mac Cathasaig (I)||Elected in 1287; consecrated 29 June 1287; died in office.|
|fl. 1310||c.1316||Henricus||Died in office.|
|c.1316||1319||Gelasius||Cornelius Ó Bánáin; elected and consecrated c. 1316; died in office.|
|1320||1356||Nicolaus Mac Cathasaigh||Elected on 23 February 1320; consecrated in 1320; died in office.|
|1356||1358||Bernardus||elected after September 1356; appointed c. 1357; died in office.|
|c.1361||unknown||Matthaeus Mac Cathasaigh (II)||Elected c. 1361; consecrated after February 1362;.|
|unknown||1369|| Odo (or Hugh) Ó Neill
|1373||c.1389||Johannes Würzburg OSB||appointed on 6 April 1373; died in office.|
|1390||1432||Art Mac Cathmhaoil||Appointed on 15 February 1390; consecrated before 28 April 1390; died in office on 10 August 1432.|
|1433||1447||Piaras Mag Uidhir||Petrus; appointed on 31 August 1433; resigned before July 1447; died in office on 5 December 1450.|
|1447||1483||Rogerius||Ross Maguire; appointed on 21 July 1447; consecrated before 6 January 1450; died in office.|
|1475||Florence Woolley OSB||Appointed on 20 November 1475 on apparently the false news of Rossa's resignation; did not gain possession of the see; acted as a suffragan bishop in the Diocese of Norwich from 1478 until his death in 1500.|
|1484||Niall mac Séamuis Mac Mathghamhna||(MacMahon); Appointed before 14 June 1484, but the papal bulls were not expedited; died in 1488.|
|1484||1502||John Edmund de Courcy OFM||Appointed 14 June 1484; papal bulls expedited 12 September 1484; also Bishop of Ross from 26 September 1492.|
|1494||James McMahon||Appointed on 5 November 1494, but did take effect; later became Bishop of Derry on 26 November 1503.|
|1500||1502||Andreas (coadjutor)||Appointed coadjutor on 10 June 1500 to Bishop de Courcy; the see was declared void by the resignation of de Courcy when Ó Cluainín was appointed.|
|1502||1503||Nehemias Ó Cluainín OESA||Appointed on 24 January 1502; resigned.|
|1504||1504||Giolla Pádraig Ó Connálaigh||Appointed on 6 March 1504; died before December 1504; also known as Patricius.|
|1505||1515||Eugenius||Owen McCaul; appointed on 4 April 1505; died in office.|
|1517||1534||Patrick O'Cullen OESA||appointed on 11 February 1517; died in office before 26 March 1534.|
|Church of Ireland Bishops of Clogher|
|1535||1569||Hugh O'Carolan||Appointment by Pope Paul III on 6 August 1535; consecrated in January 1537; renounced papal appointment on 1 October 1542; confirmed (re-appointed) by King Henry VIII on 8 October 1542; died in office.|
|1570||1571||Miler Magrath||Bishop of Down and Connor; accepted royal supremacy in 1567; appointed to Clogher by letters patent on 18 September 1570; translated to Cashel on 3 February 1571.|
|1603||Denis Campbell||Dean of Limerick; nominated to Clogher, Derry and Raphoe in 1603, but died before consecration in July 1603.|
|1605||1621||George Montgomery||Nominated on 15 February 1605 and appointed by letters patent on 13 June 1605; also held Derry and Raphoe 1605 to 1609, and Meath 1609 to 1621; died in office 15 January 1621.|
|1621||1645||James Spottiswood||Nominated on 20 January 1621; mandate for consecration on 22 October 1621; died in office in March 1645; his brother John was Archbishop of St Andrews 1615–1639.|
|1645||1661||Henry Jones||Nominated on 29 September and consecrated on 9 November 1645; translated to Meath on 25 May 1661; his father Lewis was Bishop of Killaloe 1633–1646.|
|1661||1671||John Leslie||Translated from Raphoe; nominated on 29 April 1661 and appointed by letters patent on 17 June 1661; died in office on 8 September 1671.|
|1671||1672||Robert Leslie||Translated from Raphoe; appointed by letters patent on 26 October 1671; died in office on 10 August 1672.|
|1672||1687||Roger Boyle||Translated from Down and Connor; nominated on 29 August 1672 and appointed by letters patent on 19 September 1672; died in office on 26 November 1687.|
|1691||1697||Richard Tennison||Translated from Killala and Achonry; nominated on 4 December 1690 and appointed by letters patent on 28 February 1691; translated to Meath on 25 June 1697.|
|1697||1717||St George Ashe||Translated from Cloyne; nominated on 1 June 1697 and appointed by letters patent 25 June 1697; translated to Derry on 25 February 1717.|
|1717||1745||John Stearne||Translated from Dromore; nominated on 28 February 1717 and appointed by letters patent on 30 March 1717; died in office on 6 June 1745.|
|1745||1758||Robert Clayton||Translated from Cork and Ross; nominated on 3 August 1745 and appointed by letters patent on 26 August 1745; died in office on 26 February 1758.|
|1758||1782||John Garnett||Translated from Ferns and Leighlin; nominated on 14 March 1758 and appointed by letters patent on 4 April 1758; died in office on 1 March 1782.|
|1782||1795|| John Hotham
from 1794: Sir John Hotham, Bt.
|Translated from Ossory; nominated on 11 April 1782 and appointed by letters patent on 17 May 1782; also succeeded as 9th Baronet Hotham of Scorborough on 25 January 1794; died in office on 3 November 1795.|
|1796||1797||William Foster||Translated from Kilmore; nominated on 26 December 1795 and appointed by letters patent on 21 January 1796; died in office before 4 November 1797.|
|1797||1819||John Porter||Translated to Killala and Achonry; nominated on 18 December 1797 and appointed by letters on 30 December 1797; died in office on 27 July 1819.|
|1819||1820||The Lord John Beresford||Translated from Raphoe; nominated on 29 August 1819 and appointed by letters patent on 25 September 1819; translated to Dublin and Glendalough on 21 April 1820|
|1820||1822||The Hon Percy Jocelyn||Translated from Ferns and Leighlin; nominated and appointed by letters patent on 3 April 1820; deprived of the see on 21 October 1822; died on 2 December 1843.|
|1822||1850||The Lord Robert Tottenham||Translated from Ferns and Leighlin; nominated on 26 November 1822 and appointed by letters patent on 21 December 1822; died in office on 28 April 1850.|
|1850||1886||During this period the Diocese of Clogher was united to the Diocese of Armagh.|
|1886||1902||Charles Stack||Elected on 4 June 1886 and consecrated on 29 June 1886; resigned on 31 December 1902; died on 9 January 1914.|
|1903||1907||Charles D'Arcy||Elected on 21 January and consecrated on 24 February 1903; translated to Ossory, Ferns and Leighlin on 6 November 1907.|
|1908||1923||Maurice Day||Elected on 19 December 1907 and consecrated 25 January 1908; died in office on 27 May 1923.|
|1923||1943||James MacManaway||Elected on 9 November and consecrated on 6 August 1923; resigned on 30 September 1943; died on 29 November 1947.|
|1944||1958||Richard Tyner||Elected on 9 November 1943 and consecrated on 6 January 1944; died in office on 6 April 1958.|
|1958||1969||Alan Buchanan||Elected on 17 June and consecrated on 29 September 1958; translated to Dublin and Glendalough on 22 November 1969.|
|1970||1973||Richard Hanson||Elected on 9 December 1969 and consecrated on 17 March 1970; resigned on 31 March 1973.|
|1973||1980||Robert Heavener||Elected on 4 May and consecrated on 29 June 1973; retired on 31 May 1980; died on 8 March 2005.|
|1980||1986||Gordon McMullan||Elected on 13 June and consecrated on 7 September 1980; translated to Down and Dromore in 1986.|
|1986||2001||Brian Hannon||Elected and consecrated in 1986; retired on 5 October 2001.|
|2002||2011||Michael Jackson||Elected on 21 November 2001 and consecrated on 6 March 2002; translated to Dublin & Glendalough on 8 May 2011|
|2011||present||John McDowell||Appointed by the House of Bishops on 30 May 2011 and consecrated on 23 September 2011.|
- Diocese of Clogher
- Our Cathedrals: Diocese of Clogher
- St Macartan – 1500 years of faith (Diocese of Clogher)
- Clogher clergy and parishes [microform] : being an account of the clergy of the Church of Ireland in the Diocese of Clogher, from the earliest period, with historical notices of the several parishes, churches, etc. Archive.org. Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
- Church of Ireland – A province of the Anglican Communion. Ireland.anglican.org. Retrieved on 23 July 2013.
- The Diocese of Clogher: Cathedrals
- Historical successions: Clogher - Crockford's Clerical Directory
- Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 337–339.
- Cotton 1849, The Province of Ulster, pp. 73–77.
- Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, A New History of Ireland, volume IX, pp. 273–275.
- "Standing Committee News – March 2005". Church of Ireland. 15 March 2005. http://www.ireland.anglican.org/index.php?do=news&newsid=843.
- Neill, Matthew (1995). "Rt Rev Gordon McMullan". Ecclesia De Drum: Recollections of the Parish of Drumbeg, Diocese of Down. http://lisburn.com/books/drumbeg/drumbeg2.html#mcmullan. Retrieved 21 June 2009.
- "Clogher Diocese says farewell to retiring bishop". Church of Ireland. 15 March 2005. http://www.ireland.anglican.org/archives/pressreleases/prarchive2001/hanpres.html.
- Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 382–383.
- Cotton 1849, The Province of Ulster, pp. 77–84.
- Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, A New History of Ireland, volume IX, pp. 396–397.