Tebay

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Tebay
Westmorland
Chapel at Tebay - geograph.org.uk - 162415.jpg
Chapel at Tebay
Location
Grid reference: NY618045
Location: 54°26’2"N, 2°35’24"W
Data
Population: 776  (2011)
Post town: Penrith
Postcode: CA10
Dialling code: 01539
Local Government
Council: Eden
Parliamentary
constituency:
Penrith and the Border

Tebay is a vilalge in Westmorland, near Orton and Greenholme. It is located roughly equidistant between the county town of Appleby and Kendal, in the upper Lune Valley, at the head of the Lune Gorge.

Tebay had a recorded population of 776 at the 2011 Census.

Old Tebay stands to the north of Tebay at NY618052. Historically a sheep farming area, the arrival of the railway led to increased prosperity.

History

Castle Howe

During the Roman occupation a Roman road followed the course of the River Lune linking a fort at Low Borrow Bridge near Tebay with one at Over Burrow south of Kirkby Lonsdale.

To the north, occupying a strategic position by the River Lune, now close to the M6 motorway, are the earthwork remains of a motte and bailey castle known as Castle Howe.

Tebay was the home of Mary Baynes, known as the 'Witch of Tebay', who died in 1811.

Transport links

Railways

The Royal Scot attacking Shap Summit

Tebay railway station was on the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway, which was built to link those two cities between 1844 and 1846, and which was absorbed by the London and North Western Railway in 1879. Tebay became an important junction for, in 1861, the Stainmore Railway, from Tebay to Kirkby Stephen to Barnard Castle and later becoming part of the North Eastern Railway, brought traffic from the east.

The line was closed in 1962. The A685 runs over much of the trackbed east from Tebay towards Kirkby Stephen.

The Ingleton Branch Line of the Lancaster and Carlisle Railway connecting via the Midland Railway to Settle and Leeds, enters the main line at the south end of the Lune Gorge; it was built in the 1850s, and was last used for passengers in the winter 1962-63 as a relief to the main line.

Railway workers' cottages at Tebay

The railway companies provided much employment for local people and this brought about the construction of housing to accommodate the increased population.

The village has had two railway accidents happen nearby. On 15 February 2004, four people were run over by a maintenance vehicle in the Tebay rail accident. Three years later, the Grayrigg rail crash happened on 23 February 2007 between Oxenholme and Tebay on the West Coast Main Line.

Roads

Junction 38 of the M6 lies just west of the village, south of the notoriously exposed Shap Summit. Like its predecessor, the main railway line, it uses the upper reaches of the River Lune to pass through the fells.

Tebay Services on the motorway is one of the very few motorway service stations to be run independently, and has often won praise for its food.

Village

Central to the village is the Railway Club, which provides a concrete link to the past importance of the village. The two pubs in the village also provide a place where the inhabitants can come together.

In times past, much of the populace was involved with the railway. The local Junction Hotel is now flats but once had dance halls.

Outside links

Commons-logo.svg
("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Tebay)

References