From Wikishire
Jump to: navigation, search
Manx: Rosien
Isle of Man
Rushen, Kirk Christ - - 4614516.jpg
Rushen, Kirk Christ
Grid reference: C203689
Location: 54°5’5"N, 4°44’51"W
Population: 1,537  (2016[1])
Post town: Isle of Man
Postcode: IM5
Local Government

Rushen is one of the seventeen ancient parishes of the Isle of Man. Formally known as Kirk Christ Rushen, it is located in the south of the island in the sheading of the same name.

Villages in the parish include Port Erin and Port St Mary. It also includes the Calf of Man. Other settlements in the parish include Cregneash.


Rushen parish includes the south-western extremity of the island, together with the Calf of Man along with its rocky outcrops Kitterland and Chicken Rock, and contains an area of about 10 square miles. It stretches round the coast from Strandhall (on the coast about halfway between Castletown and Port St Mary) to the precipices west of Cronk ny Irrey Laa (Hill of the Day Watch, also spelled Arrey), known as the Stacks, or the Slogh, a distance of 16 miles. The principal headlands are Kallow Point, Black Head, Spanish Head (350 ft), and Bradda Head (766 ft); and the chief inlets are Port St Mary Bay, Perwick Bay, Bay Stacka, Port Erin Bay, and Fleshwick Bay.

The west of the parish is hilly, stretching southwards from Cronk ny Irrey Laa (1,434 ft), the highest point in the parish) along the western coast to Lhiattee ny Beinnee, Bradda Hill, Mull Hill, and the Sound, across which the ridge is continued on the Calf.

Port St Mary and Port Erin are the only significant settlements in the area, although they have now expanded to form a single continuous settlement. Cregneash is a small village and folk museum near Mull Hill.[2]


The Isle of Man census of 2016 returned a parish population of 1,537, a decrease of 6% from the figure of 1,629 in 2011.[1] At the time of the 2011 census, 2.64% of the parish could speak Manx Gaelic.

Rushen Internment Camp in World War Two

Rushen was taken over as a detention camp for more than 3,500 women and children during World War Two. Deemed "enemy aliens" many of the internees were refugees who had already fled persecution in Europe.[3][4] It was the only civilian camp on the island and many of the detained were billeted with local families as well as in requisitioned boarding houses. Rushen Camp opened on 30 May 1940 and closed in September 1945.[5] (The male detainees were held in Douglas.)


Outside links

Sheadings and parishes of the Isle of Man
The armoured triskelion on the flag of the Isle of Man.svg

Ayre: AndreasBrideLezayreGarff: LonanMaugholdGlenfaba: GermanMarownPatrickMichael: BallaughJurbyMichaelMiddle: BraddanOnchanSantonRushen: ArboryMalewRushen