|Post town:||Potters Bar|
The town started life in the early 13th century and remained a small settlement until the arrival of the Great Northern Railway in 1850.
The origin of the "Potters" component of the town's name is uncertain but is generally thought to have been derived from the Pottere family who lived in the parish of South Mimms or from evidence of a Roman pottery thought to have been sited locally. The "Bar" component is thought to refer to the gates leading from the South Mimms parish and into the Enfield Chase parish, or possibly from some a toll bar on the Great North Road. The original "Bar" is said to have been at what is now the Green Man pub, or at the current entrance to Morven House.
Potters Bar was within the historic parish of South Mimms. Its growth from a hamlet in the parish to a town in its own right, the northernmost town of Middlesex, can be attributed its position on the great transport routes.
The railway came to Potters Bar in 1850 with the completion of the Great Northern Railway between London and Grimsby in that year. Potters Bar Station opened on the line on 7 August in that year. Between 1923 and 1971 the station was named 'Potter's Bar and South Mimms'. The railway was the foundation of Potters Bar as it is seen today, replacing the earlier hamlet with a substantial commuter town.
Potters Bar railway station is the highest on the line between London's King's Cross Station and York. The First Capital Connect route serving Potters Bar links the town to various Middlesex suburbs in the southbound direction before terminating at either King's Cross or Moorgate Station. Northbound, the railway connects Potters Bar to Peterborough, Cambridge and Letchworth Garden City as well as towns en route to these destinations such as Hatfield, Welwyn Garden City and Stevenage.
Potters Bar has a bus depot for local bus routes and longer routes to, for example, New Barnet, Arnos Grove and Enfield in Middlesex, Chingford in Essex, and to St Albans, Waltham Cross, and Borehamwood in Hertfordshire.
Potters Bar falls within the Diocese of London. There are several churches in Potters Bar, which include:
- Church of England:
- All Saints Church (at the top of the Walk, the first Anglican parish in the town created from the parish of South Mimms in the 1800).
- Christ Church
- King Charles the Martyr
- St Mary the Virgin
- Baptist: Potters Bar Baptist Church
- Evangelical: The Redeemed Christian Church
- Methodist: St John's Methodist Church
- Roman Catholic: Our Lady and St Vincent
There are six primary and infant state schools in Potters Bar and the surrounding area; they are Cranborne School, Ladbrooke JMI, Little Heath Primary, Oakmere Primary, Pope Paul R C Primary and Wroxham School.
There are four secondary schools in Potters Bar and the surrounding area; they are Chancellor's, Dame Alice Owen's, Goffs Oak and Mount Grace.
Mount Grace School is a mixed grant maintained School in Potters Bar opened in 1954. The school used to be a Manor House which was turned into a school long ago.
Lochinver house school is an all boys preparatory school in Potters Bar, which opened in 1947.
Dame Alice Owen's School is a mixed grant-maintained school in Potters Bar. Originally founded in 1613 and based in Islington until the 1960s, Dame Alice Owen's School is unusual in its 'Visitation' and 'Beer Money' traditions. The trustees of the Dame Alice Owen Foundation are the Worshipful Company of Brewers. It is a partly selective school (25% of its intake is on the basis of pupils doing well on its entry test). It also reserves some places for children from Islington. It specialises in languages, and offers GCSEs in a wide range of languages. It has recently become a music and science college on top of being a language college. Dame Alice Owen's is generally considered to be the best of the three secondary schools in Potters Bar, consistently performing better than Chancellors and Mount Grace in every way.
Sports, entertainment and recreation
Potters Bar has a King George V Playing Field in memorial to King George V, which is situated behind the Furzefield Centre, a swimming pool and leisure centre run by Hertsmere District Council. Also in the town is Potters Bar Town FC, Potters Bar Swimming Club (PBSC), a tennis club, a cricket club, a golf course and the Wyllyotts Centre; a theatre, cinema and events venue. It is also the location of the town's museum. Potters Bar is also home to the Hertfordshire Showband (formally known as the Marching Blues).
In 1983, the area around Potters Bar was used for the on-location filming of the comic-horror film, Bloodbath at the House of Death. Also, in 2005, David Walliams and Matt Lucas shot two scenes for the third season of the comedy, Little Britain, one scene at Mount Grace School gym, the other at a wedding shop on the High Street.
- James Carter - celebrated jazz musician and former actor
- Acker Bilk - Famous clarinetist divides his time between Pensford, Somerset and Potters Bar
- Former Eastenders Actress Letitia Dean was born in Potters Bar.
- Terry Lightfoot - jazz musician was born in Potters Bar spent his early years there
- Potters Bar Golf Club was the home golf club of Tony Jacklin, winner of the The Open Championship and US Open, and former Captain of the Ryder Cup team.
- Potters Bar was the birthplace and former residence of graphic designer Storm Thorgerson.
- John Bennett, trombone player with Kenny Ball's Band since its inception.
- Myleene Klass, model, TV presenter, face of Marks and Spencer, and a classical pianist lives near Potters Bar.
- John Griffin, founder of Addison Lee, lives in Potters Bar.
- A Housing Strategy for the London Commuter Belt Sub-region 2005 - 2008 (PDF)
- PBHistory - The history
- PBHistory - Whats in a name?
- PB History - The Great North Road
- First Capital Connect - Network and Stations
- Mount Grace School
- UniServity School Portal - Dame Alice Owen's School
- UniServity School Portal - Dame Alice Owen's School history
- Furzefield Centre
- Potters Bar Swimming Club
- Wyllyotts Centre
- Hertfordshire Showband
- Bloodbath at the House of Death (1984)
-  -Scrumpy & Western, Acker Bilk biography
-  IMDB Terry Lightfoot's page
- Potters Bar Golf Club