Cliffe, East Riding
The site of the former Selby Coalfield Whitemoor mine in the north of the parish is now a business park.
The civil parish of Cliffe is bounded by Barlby with Osgodby to the west, Hemingbrough to the east, and the River Ouse to the south, and North Duffield and Skipwith to the north. The parish includes the village of Cliffe, as well as South Duffield and the hamlets of Cliffe Common, Lund and Newhay. Whitemoor business park is in the northern part of the parish.
The A63 Selby to Hull road and on the Hull-Selby railway line pass roughly east-west through the parish; the A163 Market Weighton road, and the route of the former Selby-Market Weighton-Driffield railway line pass through the northern part of the parish. The parish is predominately agricultural land at around 15 ft above sea level. At the time of the 2001 UK census, Cliffe parish had a population of 1,143, increasing to 1,267 at the 2011 Census.
Cliffe has a public house (the New Inn), a butcher's shop and a mini-mart. The post office closed in 2007, although there is one at Hemingbrough. There is a Voluntary Controlled Primary School in the village.
Archaeological evidence of humans living in the area dating back to the Iron Age or British Roman age has been found in the area between and around Cliffe and Cliffe Common; the evidence suggested rectangular enclosures thought to be part of a field system, as well as ditched enclosures, and roundhouses. Evidence of permanent human habitation in the medieval period has also been found, suggesting ridge and furrow farming.
Cliffe, Cliffe Common
Cliffe is recorded in the Domesday survey as being part of the manor of Howden. Until the later Middle Ages Cliffe was on the banks of the River Ouse, but the river changed course when a meander was broken through.
In the mediæval period much of the land was in the possession of the Bishops of Durham, passing to the Bishopric of Ripon in 1836. The remainder of the land passed through various hands, with part becoming of the manor of Turnham Hall.
A school was established in 1708 with the bequeathal of £200 by Mary Waud. A school house was subsequently built, and, after further endowments, it was enlarged in 1835.
Non-conformist chapels were established in 1825 (Wesleyan, with Sunday school, closed 1968) and 1842 (Primitive Methodist, deregistered 1942).
A seed milling and crushing business was established at Cliffe in around 1840, the business ceased after the 1870s. By the 1890s maltings had been established at Cliffe and at Cliffe Common, near to the railway lines, both remained in business into the second half of the 20th century.
During the First World War a 3" anti-aircraft battery was installed at cliffe.
The township of Cliffe cum Lund was a separate civil parish between 1866 and 1935, when it was merged with that of of South Duffield to form the new civil parish of Cliffe. In 1883 it had absorbed the land between the old and new courses of the Ouse, forming detached part of Drax.
The Hull and Selby Railway arrived in Cliffe in 1848, and a station was opened in the village as Cliffe Common Gate. It was later renamed Cliffe Common. The station closed in 1954, and the line closed in 1965. The Derwent Valley Light Railway opened in 1913 a branch from Cliffe Common; it closed to passengers in 1926; the section between Wheldrake and Cliffe Common closed completely in 1965.
South Duffield also originates as a township in the ancient parish of Hemingbrough. There was a manor at South Duffield, now evidenced by an earthwork. The present South Duffield Hall dates from the late 1700s.
At South Duffield remains of previous activity included a former brick tower mill used for grain dating from circa 1800.
The Selby-Market Weighton railway line arrived in 1848, passing north of the village - a station (Duffield Gate) was opened north of the village, which closed in 1884.
South Duffield became a separate civil parish in 1866. The civil parish was abolished in 1935.
There was a manor house at Turnham Hall (also Turneham or Thurnham) west of Cliffe on the banks of the Ouse as early as 1327. The house was moated at one time. A licence to crenellate was received by John Pylkyngton in 1477.
Whitemoor Mine was developed in the 1970s as part of the Selby coalfield, after closure in the 21st century the above ground site was redeveloped as Whitemoor Business Park.
- Ordnance Survey. 1:25000. 2006
- "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Cliffe CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=798253&c=cliffe&d=16&e=15&g=477144&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1214518637408&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779. Retrieved 26 June 2008.
- "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=11121442&c=YO8+8LA&d=16&e=62&g=6455593&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1439644078740&enc=1. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
- Historic England. "A possible Iron Age or Roman rectilinear enclosure .. (1074936)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1074936. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Historic England. "Iron Age or Roman ditched enclosures .. (1074942)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1074942. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Historic England. "Iron Age or Roman rectilinear enclosures (1074943)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1074943. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Historic England. "Possible Iron Age or Roman rectilinear ditched enclosures .. (1306821)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1306821. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Historic England. "Iron Age or Roman rectilinear enclosures .. (1306832)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1306832. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Historic England. "Iron Age or Roman fragmentary, rectilinear ditched enclosures .. (1306881)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1306881. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Historic England. "Medieval field system of ridge and furrow in the parish of Cliffe .. (1306915)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1306915. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- east riding Cliffe, East Riding in the Domesday Book
- Baggs, Kent & Purdy 1976.
- Historic England. "Cliffe Heavy Anti Aircraft Battery (1474193)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=1474193. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Baggs, A P; Kent, G H R; Purdy, J D (1976). "Hemingbrough". in K J Allison. A History of the County of York East Riding: Volume 3, Ouse and Derwent Wapentake, and Part of Harthill Wapentake. pp. 37–47. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/yorks/east/vol3/pp37-47. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
- Historic England. "Cliffe Common Station (500212)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=500212. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Historic England. "Derwent Valley Light Railway (58102)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=58102. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Ken Hoole (1986). A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain, Volume 4: The North East (3rd ed.). pp. 63–4.
- Historic England. "Possible manorial earthwork (58045)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=58045. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- National Heritage List 1148487: South Duffield Hall, Manor House lane
- Historic England. "Windmill and Mill House (497530)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=497530. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Baggs, Kent & Purdy 1976a.
- "Turnham Hall". www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info. http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/English%20sites/7.html. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
- Historic England. "Traces of a moat which surrounded an earlier house at Turnham Hall .. (58084)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=58084. Retrieved 18 June 2014
- Calendar of Patent Rolls (1476-85). 1901. p. 71. https://archive.org/stream/calendarpatentr12offigoog#page/n83/mode/1up.
- National Heritage List 1072603: Turnham Hall and attached service wing, Field lane
- National Heritage List 1072604: Warehouse north of Turnham Hall
- National Heritage List 1072605: Coach house and stable to north west of Turnham Hall, Field lane
- Baggs, A.P.; Kent, G.H.R.; Purdy, J.D. (1976). "15. Hemingbrough - Cliffe with Lund". in Allison, K.J.. A History of the County of York : East Riding. 3. pp. 55–60. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=23004.
- Baggs, A.P.; Kent, G.H.R.; Purdy, J.D. (1976a). "16. Hemingbrough - South Duffield". in Allison, K.J.. A History of the County of York : East Riding. 3. pp. 60–63. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=23005.
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