Yewbarrow (left) from Wast Water
|Range:||Lake District Western Fells|
|Summit:|| 2,060 feet NY173084 |
Yewbarrow is a fell in Cumberland, within the Lake District which lies immediately north of the head of Wast Water. It is 2,060 feet high and in shape resembles the upturned hull of a boat or a barrow. Yewbarrow is on the left in the classic view of Great Gable and Wast Water.
The top of Stirrup Crag forms a second summit 2,020 feet high, half a mile north of the main summit. The 'Hewitt' and 'Nuttall' lists classify the north top as a separate summit.
The origin of the name is unknown. There might have been in the past a prevalence of yew trees on the fell though that is not so now. 'Barrow' is commonly derived from the Old English beorg, meaning 'hill', which may be the case here. Other fells in this part of Cumberland bear the same suffix, including Buckbarrow and Fellbarrow.
The Western Fells of Lakeland occupy a triangular region, all in the bounds of Cumberland, bordered by the River Cocker to the north east and Wasdale to the south east. Westwards the hills diminish toward the coastal plain of Cumberland. At the central hub of the high country are Great Gable and its satellites, while two principal ridges fan out on either flank of Ennerdale, the western fells in effect being a great horseshoe around this long wild valley. Yewbarrow is an outlier of the southern arm.
The main watershed runs broadly westwards from Great Gable, dividing the headwaters of Ennerdale and Wasdale. Travelling in this direction the principal hills are Kirk Fell, Pillar, Scoat Fell, Haycock and Caw Fell. Scoat Fell throws out a long southern ridge terminating in Yewbarrow, with Red Pike standing part way along.
Yewbarrow North Top (NY175091) rises to 2,020 feet to the north of the main summit. It has been listed amongst the 'Hewitt' tops in its own right.
The southern end of Yewbarrow rises steeply from the shore of Wastwater, the crest of the fell running a little east of north for about two miles. Just beyond the second top, the ridge swings sharply to the west at the depression of Dore Head (1,560 feet) continuing then onto Red Pike. The strath of Wasdale Head forms the eastern boundary of the fell with the quiet valley of Over Beck to the west. The ridge-top is rimmed by crags, particularly above Over Beck, and at either end. Stirrup Crag lies below the north summit, sometimes lending its name to the top, while Dropping Crag and Bell Rib guard the southern end of the crest.
The summit is formed from the tuff, lapilli-tuff and breccia of the Lingmell Formation. The eastern slopes display the rhyolite|rhyolitic rocks of the Long Top Member and Crinkle Member. The crags on the western face are outcrops of the plagioclase-phyric andesite lavas of the Birker Fell Formation.
Although smaller than the other fells surrounding Wasdale Head — Scafell Pike, Scafell, Great Gable, Kirk Fell and Pillar — the ascent of Yewbarrow by the two traditional routes involves some scrambling. There are two primary ascents to Yewbarrow from Wasdale Head, by way of Overbeck Bridge and the Great Door (a cleft in the rocks providing thrilling views of Wast Water) or by way of Dore Head and Stirrup Crag.
It is possible to circumvent almost all the scrambling on the route by way of Great Door by taking a path to the left of the major gully, and a cairned track without any scrambling runs up the west side from below Stirrup Crag to the minor col between the two tops of Yewbarrow.
The summit bears a cairn set on grass, perhaps a surprise after the rough ascent. Yewbarrow is an excellent vantage point for the high fells in this part of the Lake District. Its unique location makes it the only place to enjoy uninterrupted views of the Scafells, Great Gable, Kirk Fell and Pillar.
- Wainwright, Alfred: A Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells, Book Seven — The Western Fells (1966)
- British Geological Survey: 1:50,000 series maps, England & Wales Sheet 38: BGS (1998)
- Bill Birkett: Complete Lakeland Fells, ISBN 0-00-713629-3