Reedness

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Reedness
Yorkshire
West Riding
Reedness redbrick Wesleyan Chapel.jpg
Wesleyan Methodist Chapel
Location
Grid reference: SE795230
Location: 53°41’51"N, 0°47’46"W
Data
Population: 339  (2011[1])
Post town: Goole
Postcode: DN14
Dialling code: 01405
Local Government
Council: East Riding of Yorkshire
Parliamentary
constituency:
Brigg and Goole

Reedness is a village and civil parish in the West Riding of Yorkshire. It is situated approximately three miles east of the town of Goole and lies on the south bank of the River Ouse, which forms the border with the East Riding.

The civil parish is formed by the village of Reedness and the hamlet of Little Reedness. It originates as a township of the ancient parish of Whitgift. According to the 2011 UK census, it had a population of 339,[1] a decrease on the 2001 UK census figure of 355.[2]

Buildings

The main street is occupied by several Grade-II-listed buildings, dating back to the eighteenth century. The oldest is the Old Manor, originally an L-shaped building dating from the early part of the century, but the rear wing was demolished in the 1950s. It is constructed of brick, some of which is rendered, with a pantile roof.[3] Elmtree House if a pebbledashed brick structure, with a slate roof, dating from the middle of the century.[4] Reedness Manor House is also brick with a slate roof, but the front was replaced in the nineteenth century, and is pebbledashed,[5] while Reedness Hall is built in plain brick, with a slate roof at the front and pantiles at the back. Both data from mid-century.[6] The Ferry House (was Ferry Inn/Angel Inn) on the junction with Church Lane, is the only one which carries a date. Tie-bar ends on the gables indicate that it was built in 1778, although there have been later additions to the red-brick, pantile-roofed building.[7]

Geography

The centre of population is located on an unclassified road which runs along the southern bank of the River Ouse from Swinefleet to the west, and through Whitgift and Ousefleet to the east, before turning south to reach Adlingfleet, Fockerby and Garthorpe. Through Little Reedness, the road is very close to the flood bank of the river, and development is restricted to the southern side of the road. The parish stretches southwards towards Swinefleet and Reedness Moor, and this area is sparsely populated, with just a few farms and large numbers of drainage ditches. The southern boundary of the parish borders the parishes of Eastoft and Crowle and Ealand.[8]

To the south of the population centre, the A161 road cuts across the parish in a straight line. It is called the King's Causeway, and is flanked by counter drains on both sides.[8] Further south, the Fockerby Branch of the Axholme Joint Railway crossed the parish, on its way from Reedness Junction to Fockerby.[9] The railway opened in stages between 1903 and 1905,[10] was closed to passengers in 1933,[11] and closed completely in 1965.[12] At the extreme southern edge of the parish, the main line of the Axholme Joint Railway to Epworth also passed through. There was a siding which served Swinefleet Peat Works, to which 3ft-gauge tramways brought peat from Thorne Moors for processing and despatch via the railway.[13] Despite their names, Swinefleet Peat Works was in Reedness, while Reedness Junction and its railway station, where the Fockerby Branch diverged from the line to Epworth, was in the parish of Swinefleet.[8]

Notable residents

  • John de Rednesse, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, was born here c.1300.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Reedness CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=11127878&c=reedness&d=16&e=62&g=6381256&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1360180558088&enc=1. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  2. "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Reedness CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=791021&c=Reedness&d=16&e=15&g=391227&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1211235415001&enc=1&dsFamilyId=779. Retrieved 19 May 2008. 
  3. National Heritage List England no. 1103279: The Old Manor, Main Street, Reedness (Historic England)
  4. National Heritage List England no. 1103278: Elmtree House, Main Street, Reedness (Historic England)
  5. National Heritage List England no. 1103280: Reedness Manor House, Main Street, Reedness (Historic England)
  6. National Heritage List England no. 1103277: Reedness Hall, Main Street, Reedness (Historic England)
  7. National Heritage List England no. 1161619: The Angel Inn, Main Street, Reedness (Historic England)
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Ordnance Survey, 1:25,000 map, 2006
  9. Ordnance Survey, 1:10,560 map, 1907
  10. Judge 1994, pp. 54–57
  11. Judge 1994, pp. 204–205
  12. Judge 1994, p. 223
  13. Booth 1998, p. 74

Bibliography

  • Booth, Adrian (1998). The Peat Railways of Thorne and Hatfield Moors. Industrial Railway Society. ISBN 978-1-90155604-9. 
  • Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 9. 
  • Judge, C.W. (1994). The Axholme Joint Railway. Oakwood Press. ISBN 978-0-85361-441-8. 

Outside links

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