Little Missenden

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Little Missenden
Buckinghamshire
St. John the Baptist, Little Missenden, Buckinghamshire-496227028.jpg
Parish church of St John the Baptist
Location
Grid reference: SU9298
Location: 51°40’55"N, 0°40’5"W
Data
Population: 2,234  (2011)
Post town: Amersham
Postcode: HP7
Dialling code: 01494
Local Government
Council: Buckinghamshire
Parliamentary
constituency:
Chesham and Amersham

Little Missenden is a village and parish on the River Misbourne in the Aylesbury Hundred of Buckinghamshire. It is in the Chiltern Hills, about three miles south-east of Great Missenden and the same distance west of Amersham.

The parish includes the hamlets of Beamond End, Brays Green, Holmer Green, Hyde Heath, Little Kingshill, Mop End and Spurlands End. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 2,234.[1]

The main LondonAylesbury road used to run through the centre of Little Missenden and past the two pubs – The Red Lion and The Crown. Early in the 19th century a new by-pass road was built to the north and this now forms part of the modern A413 road.

Manors

The toponym "Missenden" is probably derived from the Old English for "valley where water-plants (or marsh-plants) grow".[2] 11th-century spellings include Missedene and Messedena, and a later version is Musindone.[3]

The Domesday Book of 1086 records Missedene without distinguishing the two villages, but three manors of Little Missenden are identifiable as having existed by the reign of King Edward the Confessor (1042–66). William the Conqueror granted one hide of land around what is now Town Farm to his half-brother Robert, Count of Mortain. After Domesday it evolved as the manor of Holmer, whence the hamlet of Holmer Green arose.[3]

The manor of Mantells was half a hide and was held by the Mantell family. Another half-hide in Little Missenden had been held by Wulfwig, Bishop of Dorchester, but by 1086 was held by Hugh de Bolebec.[3]

By the early 14th century a fourth manor, Beamond, had emerged, probably from part of the Mortains' manor. It was held by the Augustinian Bicester priory until 1536, when it surrendered its estates to the Crown in the Dissolution of the Monasteries. Its name survives in Beamond End.[3]

Little Missenden Manor house

The current Little Missenden Manor house originated in the 16th century as a late-mediæval timber-framed hall house. In the 17th century it was extended in red brick, and retains gables and a staircase from that period.[4] The house was refaced in the 18th century.[5]

Missenden House is a red and grey brick building completed in 1729.[6] Little Missenden Abbey is a Tudor Revival house built by William Howard Seth-Smith I.[4]

Parish church

The Church of England parish church of St John the Baptist is a flint building with limestone dressings. Its nave is 10th-century Saxon, built about AD 975. Its plain chancel arch is also Saxon and its imposts are re-used Roman bricks. The aisles, with their Norman arcades, were added in the 12th century: the south first, and the north slightly later.[7] The Aylesbury-style font is also 12th century.[8]

The chancel is now Early English,[7] having been rebuilt in the 13th century. The north chapel was added early in the 14th century. The west tower and timber-framed south porch are 15th-century.[8][9]

The exterior of the south aisle was rebuilt in brick in the 18th century. On the north side of the church is a modern vestry designed in 18th-century style by Quinlan Terry.[8] The church is a Grade-I listed building.[8]

Paintings on the north wall of the nave, with St Christopher on the left

Inside the nave are several mediæval wall paintings. Most are 13th-century, including a large Saint Christopher[4] in the customary position opposite the south door. Also 13th-century are the paintings of the Martyrdom of St Catherine, Passion of Christ, Crucifixion of Christ, and Archangel Gabriel. There are also 14th-century paintings of the Nativity of Christ and Christ in Majesty, and a 15th-century painting of the Seven deadly sins.[8]

The wall paintings were whitewashed in the 16th century in the Reformation. In 1931 they were rediscovered and Prof. EW Tristram was called in to uncover and restore them. One painting eluded Tristram: A Doom painting in the customary position over the chancel arch at the east end of the nave. In 2017 traces of a 14th-century Doom were finally discovered, over the chancel arch, hidden behind old plaster.[10]

The west tower has a ring of six bells. John Rufford of Toddington, Bedfordshire cast the third bell in about 1380. The successor of John Danyell of London cast the fourth bell in about 1470. Joseph Carter of Reading, Berkshire cast the fifth bell in 1603. Ellis II and Henry III Knight of Reading cast the tenor bell in 1663. John Warner & Sons of Cripplegate, London cast the second bell in 1881.[11] That made a ring of five[3] until 1948, when Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry cast the present treble bell.[11]

Culture

The village has been used in many films and television programmes over the years, particularly as one of the more frequent ITV Midsomer Murders filming locations. "Missenden Murders" was considered as a possible title for the series.[12] The Red Lion pub has appeared in three episodes.[13] A house in the village was used for long shots of the home of Barnes Wallis in The Dam Busters (his real house was in Effingham, Surrey)[14].

Little Missenden hosts acclaimed comedy and arts festivals. The children of Little Missenden primary school performed the premiere of John Tavener's Celtic Requiem in 1970 and continue to perform annually at the renowned Little Missenden Festival of Music and Arts.

Transport

The nearest railway station is at Great Missenden on the Chiltern Main Line.

Notable residents

  • Herbert Austin (1866–1941), motor vehicle manufacturer, was born in Little Missenden to a farming family. He moved to Rotherham, Yorkshire at an early age.
  • Dr Benjamin Bates (1716–90), physician to Sir Francis Dashwood and a senior member of the Hellfire Club.
  • Charles Orwell Brasch (1909–1973) New Zealand poet, literary editor, arts patron, founding editor of the literary journal Landfall.
  • Tony Nash (born 1936) Olympic bobsledder, lived at Little Missenden when he was director of an engineering company in Penn.[15]
  • Wilf Stevenson, Baron Stevenson of Balmacara (born 1947) Life peer and former policy advisor to Gordon Brown.[16]
  • Rayner Unwin (1925–2000), publisher
  • John Gardner Wilkinson (1797–1875), traveller, writer and pioneer Egyptologist.

References

  1. "Area: Little Missenden (Parish), Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office of National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=3&b=11125726&c=little+missenden&d=16&e=62&g=6404328&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1359814831992&enc=1. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  2. Mills 1991, Missenden.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Page 1908, pp. 354–360.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Watkin 1981, p. 216.
  5. National Heritage List England no. 1161748: The Manor House (Grade II) (listing)
  6. National Heritage List England no. 1161828: Missenden House, Trout Hollow and East Wing (Grade II) (listing)
  7. 7.0 7.1 Pevsner 1960, p. 192.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 National Heritage List England no. 1332450: Parish Church of St John the Baptist (Grade I) (listing)
  9. Pevsner 1960, p. 193.
  10. Stebbing-Allen 2018, pp. 14–15.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Davies, Peter (7 January 2009). "Little Missenden S John Bapt". Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers. Central Council of Church Bell Ringers. http://dove.cccbr.org.uk/detail.php?searchString=Little+Missenden&Submit=+Go+&DoveID=LITTLE+MIS. Retrieved 24 February 2018. 
  12. Jones 2000, p. 59.
  13. Malvern, Jack (16 March 2011). "I've got friends who are Pakistani". The Times (News International). http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:UKNB:LTIB&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=13604DEC74B8C3E0&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0FE85A3ED29CA2BC. 
  14. "Photo of 'Wallis house'". 8 Aug 2018. http://www.sirbarneswallis.com/ImageCall.php?Code=WallisHouse. 
  15. "A gesture worthy of the Games". Bucks Free Press (Newsquest). 2 May 2012. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:UKNB:ZNQAY&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=13E85F550BFBCF60&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0FE85A3ED29CA2BC. 
  16. "High Speed 2 attacked during Lords debate". Bucks Free Press (Newsquest). 16 July 2012. http://docs.newsbank.com/openurl?ctx_ver=z39.88-2004&rft_id=info:sid/iw.newsbank.com:UKNB:ZNQAY&rft_val_format=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:ctx&rft_dat=1400EE27C72A3698&svc_dat=InfoWeb:aggregated5&req_dat=0FE85A3ED29CA2BC. 

Bibliography

Outside links

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