Fidra

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Fidra

Firth of Forth
(East Lothian)

Fidra35185.jpg
Fidra
Location
Location: 56°4’20"N, 2°47’3"W
Grid reference: NT512868
Area: 25 acres
Highest point: 66 feet
Data
Population: 0

Fidra is an uninhabited island in the Firth of Forth, 2½ miles north-west of North Berwick, in East Lothian.

The island’s name was formerly written "Fidrey"[1] or " Fetheray".[2] The name is Norse: ‘’Fiðrey’’, meaning "feather island",[3] no doubt referring to the large number of bird feathers found there.

Geography

Like the other islands near North Berwick, Fidra is the result of volcanic activity around 335 million years ago. Fidra consists of three sections; a hill at one end with the lighthouse on it; a low lying section in the middle, effectively an isthmus; and a rocky stack at the other end.

History

Fidra from Yellowcraigs

Like the nearby Bass Rock, Fidra has a substantial seabird population, and is now an RSPB reserve. The village of Gullane lies to the south-west, and the nature reserve of Yellowcraigs and village of Dirleton, to which parish Fidra belongs, are to the south. Remotely-operated cameras on the island send live pictures to the watching visitors at the Scottish Seabird Centre in North Berwick.[4]

Upon the island are ruins of an old chapel, or lazaretto for the sick, which was dedicated in 1165 to St Nicholas. In the 12th century, the island formed part of the barony of Dirleton, which was granted to the Anglo-Norman John de Vaux by King David I. The de Vaux family built a stronghold, known as Tarbet Castle, on the island, but in 1220, William de Vaux gifted Fidra to the monks of Dryburgh Abbey, in the Borders. His successor built Dirleton Castle, on the mainland, as a replacement dwelling.[5]

Fidra Lighthouse

Lighthouse

The lighthouse, which was built in 1885 and automated in 1970, can be accessed via a primitive jetty on the east of the island.[6] The light flashes 4 times every 30 seconds.[7]

Cultural references

Robert Louis Stevenson often visited the beaches at the area known today as Yellowcraigs and it is said that he based his map of Treasure Island on the shape of Fidra. (This claim is also made about the island of Unst in Shetland.) He also mentioned Fidra in his novel Catriona.[8]

Fidra Books is a publishing house, named after the island, and which uses Fidra's outline as part of its logo.[9]

The prog rock band Marillion also briefly mention Fidra in the song, Warm Wet Circles, which contains the line "She nervously undressed in the dancing beams of the Fidra Lighthouse",[10] the coast nearby apparently being a well-known courting spot.[10]

Footnotes

  1. Faifley – Fifeshire; A Topographical Description of Scotland by Lewis, Samuel (1846)
  2. Skene, W. F. (November 1862) "Of the early Frisian Settlements in Scotland". Antiquaries of Scotland. 4 Part 1.
  3. Ryder, N.L. "Displacement of bone waste by seagulls" (pdf) Circaea: The Bulletin of the Association for Environmental Archaeology. 6 No. 2 (1990) University of York. p. 85. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
  4. Fidra Web Cam - Scottish Seabird Centre
  5. Tabraham, Chris (2007) Dirleton Castle 2nd edition. Historic Scotland. ISBN 978-1-904966-41-8 pp.21-22
  6. Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 1841954543. 
  7. Reeds Small Craft Almanac, London, Adlard Coles Nautical, 2007
  8. "Fidra". Gazetteer for Scotland. http://www.scottish-places.info/features/featurefirst1599.html. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  9. "Fidra Books". http://www.fidrabooks.co.uk/. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 Schipper, Jeroen (ed.) (1992-1997). "What is the Fidra Lighthouse?". Marillion Frequently Asked Questions. http://www.faqs.org/faqs/music/marillion-faq/part1/section-36.html. Retrieved 2008-06-18. 

Outside links

The islands of the Firth of Forth
West Lothian Midlothian East Lothian Fife
Inchgarvie Cramond IslandInchmickeryCow and Calves Bass RockCraigleithEyebroughyFidraThe Lamb InchcolmOxcarsIsle of MayInchkeith