Fore Street, Callington
|South East Cornwall|
The town is poised between Bodmin Moor to the west and Dartmoor over in Devon to the east. A former agricultural market town, it lies at the intersection of the south-north A388 Saltash to Launceston road and the east-west A390 Tavistock to Liskeard road.
The parish church is St Mary’s.
St Mary's Church was originally a chapel of ease to South Hill. It was consecrated in 1438 and then had two aisles and a buttressed tower; a second north aisle was added in 1882. Unusually for Cornwall there is a clerestory; the wagon roofs are old.
The town has long been cited as the site of the ancient tribal capital of the Kingdom of Cornwall and Arthurian base, known in the sources as Celliwig. References to Celliwig are made repeatedly, particularly in the Welsh Triads and other manuscripts. However Callington is only one among several contending possible locations.
In the 18th century, Callington was one of the most important mining areas in Great Britain. Deposits of silver were found nearby in Silver Valley. Today, the area is marked by mining remains, but there are no active mines. However, granite is still quarried on Hingston Down.
Callington was in former days a borough, one of the many “rotten boroughs” of Cornwall which despite its smallness elected two members to the House of Commons. This right was abolished by the Reform Act 1832.
In recent years, the town has seen much residential development with more, including social housing, planned for the next few years. The neighbouring village of Kelly Bray has almost doubled in size in recent years with houses still being built in the area.
Callington railway station was the terminus of a branch line from Bere Alston, the junction with the Southern Railway's Tavistock to Plymouth line. The railway line beyond Gunnislake to the Callington terminus was closed in the 1960s, due to low usage and difficult operating conditions on the final sections of the line due to several severe gradients and speed restrictions. One can still travel by rail on the Tamar Valley Line from Plymouth as far as Gunnislake via Bere Alston, where trains reverse. For most of its journey the line follows the River Tamar. The nearest mainline railway station to Callington is at Saltash.
Food manufacturer Ginsters is the largest employer in the town and employs hundreds of locals as well as many immigrants from eastern Europe.
Ginsters uses local produce in many of its products, buying potatoes and other vegetables from local farmers and suppliers.
- Pevsner, N. (1970) Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books; pp. 48-49
- Dunkin, E. (1882) Monumental Brasses. London, Spottiswoode; pp. 16-18, pl. XV
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