All Saints' Church
|Council:||East Riding of Yorkshire|
|Haltemprice and Howden|
Brough ˈbrʌf, is a small town in the East Riding of Yorkshire, standing on the northern bank of the Humber Estuary, approximately twelve miles west of Kingston upon Hull city centre. Brough has a long association with BAE Systems - founded by Robert Blackburn in 1916.
Close by is the village of Elloughton, with which Brough shares a parish ('Elloughton-cum-Brough').
The town was known as Petuaria during the Roman period, and served as the tribal capital of the Parisi, who dominated what is today the East Riding. Petuaria marked the southern end of the Roman road known now as Cade's Road which ran roughly northwards for a hundred miles to Pons Aelius (modern day Newcastle upon Tyne).
The village of Brough was elevated into a market town by the Archbishop of York in 1239, who granted it the same liberties as Beverley. There is no record of these liberties having been employed, and the settlement operated as a village for further centuries.
The town is significant for its association with the highwayman Dick Turpin. About June 1737 Turpin boarded at the Ferry Inn at Brough, under the alias of John Palmer (or Parmen). Turpin travelled between and resided in Brough, until his capture and execution for horse theft in 1739.
The town has a population of approximately 7,000. Recent years have seen a shift in the socio-economic group of people living in Brough because of improved rail links and new housing developments. This change has brought more money into the area..
About the town
Brough has a range of shops and takeaways, and two supermarkets. There are two dentists, two vets, hairdressers, a medical centre, a private hearing aid audiologist, a post office, a cards and gifts outlet, a pet shop and three banks. The town has three public houses, of which The Ferry Inn is the documented lodging house of the notorious highwayman Dick Turpin, and was the place where he was arrested
The town is served by Brough railway station on the Hull to Selby and Doncaster railway line. There are direct rail services to London and also the TransPennine Express running westward to Leeds, Manchester Piccadilly and Liverpool, and services to York, Doncaster and Sheffield. All east-bound trains run to Hull: some then run north to Beverley, Driffield, Bridlington, Filey and Scarborough.
BAE Systems, Brough, manufactured the Hawk Advanced Jet Trainer aircraft at Brough Aerodrome. The runway at the site was re-opened for a while for occasional use solely by Hawk aircraft taking off after manufacture to transfer by air to Warton near Preston in Lancashire for final flight testing and painting. The former Air Traffic Control building has now been transformed into the Brough Business Centre.
On 3 April 2008 BAE Systems announced it would be losing 450 jobs from the Brough site.
On 1 March 2012 BAE Systems announced it would be ending manufacturing at its site in Brough with 845 employees to be made redundant. There are now proposals to build over much of the airfield - including the runway.
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
about Brough, Yorkshire)
- Excavations on a Roman Extra-Mural Site at Brough-on-Humber, East Riding of Yorkshire, UK in Internet Archaeology
- Sheeran, George. Mediæval Yorkshire Towns. p. 24.
- Sharpe, James (2004). Dick Turpin: The Myth of the English Highwayman. ISBN 1-86197-418-3.
- "BAE to axe 600 engineering jobs". The Manufacturer. 3 April 2008. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110927050447/http://www.themanufacturer.com/uk/content/8243/BAE_to__axe_600_engineering_jobs. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "BAE Systems confirms Brough job losses". BBC News. 1 March 2012. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-humber-17217153. Retrieved 23 January 2013.
- "Brough developers say £100m plan crucial as BAE Systems plant closure looms". This is Hull and East Riding. 8 March 2012. http://www.hulldailymail.co.uk/Brough-developers-say-100m-plan-crucial-BAE/story-15430560-detail/story.html. Retrieved 19 March 2015.