|Council:||East Riding of Yorkshire|
Bridlington is a seaside resort and minor sea fishing port in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on the Holderness coast facing the North Sea. It has a static population of over 33,000, which rises considerably during the tourist season.
Southward the coast becomes low, but northward it is steep and very fine, where the great spur of Flamborough Head projects eastward. The sea front is protected by a sea wall and a wide beach encouraged by wooden groynes which trap the sand. The beaches are part of a large deposit of smithic sand which stretches out into the bay in sand banks which are an important habitat for many marine species.
The town of Bridlington is divided into two parts:
- The Old Town, the ancient market town (once known as Burlington) lying about a mile from the coast. The old town contains the historic site of the town's market and The Priory Church of St Mary, on the site of an Augustinian priory which was dissolved by King Henry VIII (the last prior was executed for taking part in the Pilgrimage of Grace).
- Bridlington Quay, the home of the tourist area and the harbour. It has excellent sea-bathing, and the parade and ornamental gardens provide pleasant promenades. Bridlington Harbour is the key feature of the Quay, which is enclosed by two stone piers. Recently extensive works have been carried out along the seafront and after some struggle with planning permission, a 'London Eye'-style wheel has been built.
From early in the history of Bridlington, a small fishing port grew up near the coast, later known as Bridlington Quay. After the discovery of a chalybeate spring, the Quay developed in the 19th century to become a seaside resort. Bridlington's first hotel was opened in 1805 and it soon became a popular holiday resort for industrial workers from the West Riding of Yorkshire. A new railway station was opened on 6 October 1846, between the Quay and the historic town.
The area around the new railway station was developed and the two areas of the town were brought together. Bridlington's popularity has declined with the industrial north and the popularity of cheap foreign holidays. Although the fishing fleet has also declined the port remains popular with sea anglers for day trips along the coast or further out to local shipwrecks.
Bridlington has lucrative export markets for shell fish to France, Spain and Italy, said to be worth several million pounds a year.
The origins of the habitation of Bridlington are unknown but can be traced back to ancient times. The nearby Dane's Dyke on Flamborough Head, a 2½-mile long man made dyke dates back to the Bronze Age. Some writers believe that Bridlington was the site of a Roman station. A Roman road can be traced into the town and Roman coins have been found in the town.The earliest written evidence of Bridlington is located in the Domesday Book. It records that "Bretlinton" was the head of the Huntow Hundred and was held by Earl Morcar before it passed into the hands of William the Conqueror by the forfeiture. The survey also records the effect of the Harrying of the North as the annual value of the land had decreased from £32 in the time of Edward the Confessor to eight shillings at the time of the survey and comprised:
"two villeins, and one socman with one and a half Carucate. The rest is waste."
The land was given to Gilbert de Gant, nephew of King Stephen, in 1072. His eldest son, Walter de Gant, later founded an Augustinian priory on the land in 1133 which was confirmed by King Henry I in a Charter. Several succeeding kings confirmed and extended Walter de Gaunt's gift: King Stephen granting in addition the right to have a port; King John granted the prior permission to hold a weekly market and an annual fair in 1200. Henry VI granted permission for three annual fairs on the Nativity of Mary, and Deposition of and the Translation of Saint John of Bridlington in 1446. In 1415, Henry V visited the priory to give thanks for victory at the Battle of Agincourt. The town began to be developed around the site of the priory as it grew in importance and size.
After the Dissolution of the Monasteries, the manor remained with the crown until 1624 when Charles I granted it to Sir John Ramsey, who had recently been created the Earl of Holderness. In 1633, Sir George Ramsey sold the manor to 13 inhabitants of the town on behalf of all the tenants of the manor. In May 1636, a deed was drawn up empowering the 13 men as Lords Feoffees or trust holders of the Manor of Bridlington.
In 1643 Queen Henrietta Maria landed at Bridlington with troops to support the Royalist cause in the English Civil War before going on to York, which then became her headquarters.
Media and sport
- Bridlington Free Press newspaper
- Yorkshire Coast Radio (though now all programming comes from Scarborough)
In its heyday Bridlington was a leading entertainment resort with a nationally-famous dance venue at The Spa where many famous entertainers have appeared.
Bridlington Priory in the Old Town has a good-sounding ring of eight bells (tenor approx. 24 cwt) with a long draft. It also has a large four-manual organ that boasts the widest "scaled" 32 ft reed (contra tuba) in the United Kingdom.
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
- "Erosion & Flooding in the Parish of Bridlington". Coastal Observatory. University of Hull. http://www.hull.ac.uk/coastalobs/bridlington/erosionandflooding/index.html. Retrieved 2 June 2008.
- "The Priory and its Bells: Brief History of the Priory". The Priory Church of St Mary, Bridlington. http://www.bridlingtonpriory.co.uk/. Retrieved 2 June 2008.
- "Bridlington Eye". http://www.aboutbridlington.co.uk/bridlingtoneye.html. Retrieved 2 June 2008.
- "History, topography, and directory of East Yorkshire (with Hull).". T Bulmer & Co. 1892. http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/ERY/Bridlington/Bridlington92.html. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- FISHupdate trade news site. Retrieved 28 October 2010.
- UK Attraction. "Danes' Dyke at Flamborough". http://www.ukattraction.com/yorkshire/danes-head.htm. Retrieved 29 May 2008.
- LPL Limited. "Bridlington.net – The Foundation of the Bridlington Priory". http://www.bridlington.net/bridlington-history/history-foundation-priory.htm. Retrieved 26 July 2008.
- Wilson, Mike (15 September 2006). "St. John of Bridlington". Bridlington Free Press. Archived from the original on 27 May 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080527025820/http://www.bridlingtonfreepress.co.uk/bygone-bridlington/St-John-of-Bridlington.1772617.jp. Retrieved 24 November 2008