Bardney

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Bardney
Lincolnshire
St.Lawrence's church, Bardney, Lincs. - geograph.org.uk - 42589.jpg
St Lawrence, Bardney
Location
Grid reference: TF120695
Location: 53°12’39"N, 0°19’28"W
Data
Population: 1,643  (2001)
Post town: Bardney
Postcode: LN3
Dialling code: 01526
Local Government
Council: West Lindsey
Parliamentary
constituency:
Gainsborough

Bardney is a village in the Lindsey, the northern part of Lincolnshire. The population of the civil parish was 1,848 (including Southrey) at the 2011 census. The village stands on the east bank of the River Witham and nine miles east of the county town; the City of Lincoln.

The name of the village is Old English in origin, and means "Bearda's island", after an otherwise unknown progenitor. The village appears in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for the year 716 as Bearddanig and in Domesday Book as Bardenai.[1]

Bardney lock, where old and new courses of the Witham meet

History

Two Roman artefacts have been found in Bardney; a gemstone and a coin. Nearby villages show evidence of Roman settlement, particularly Potterhanworth Booths and Branston Booths.[2]

Once the site of a mediæval abbey, ruined in Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries, agricultural improvement made the village prosperous in the 19th century. Improved transport, first on the River and then the arrival of several railways caused considerable expansion between the traditional centre of the village and the former riverside settlement of Bardney Ferry, where in 1894 the ferry was replaced by the present bridge.[3][4][5][6] A British Sugar factory, built in 1927, survived the closure of the railways but ceased processing on 9 February 2001.[3][7]

Bardney Abbey

Bardney Abbey was founded before 679, perhaps as double house of monks and nuns, and perhaps as a Minster. It was destroyed by the Danes circa 860. Refounded 1087 as a Priory, it became a Benedictine Abbey in 1115, and was dissolved in 1538.[3][8]

In 1537, six of Bardney Abbey's monks were executed for their role in the Lincolnshire Rising. Finally in 1538, the Abbey was disbanded and its property seized during the Dissolution of the Monasteries by King Henry VIII.

The ruins of the abbey are a scheduled ancient monument [9]

Lost villages

Near the Abbey is the site of the deserted mediæval village named Butyate,[10] which was demolished in 1959, and converted to farmland.

There is another abandoned village associated with the former chapels of St Lawrence and St Andrew, north of modern Bardney.[11]

Transport

Bridge over River Witham

The river Witham has been used for commercial shipping since time immemorial, but was straightened and improved many times including in 1753 and 1812.[3] A straight course (new cut) was made at Bardney and the lock built in 1770 was re-built in 1865.[12]

In 1870, Bardney had a railway station which was a junction for the Branch Line to Louth via Wragby and the Lincolnshire Loop Line. The Louth to Bardney Line closed as well as the Loop Line in 1970 although the section north of Wragby closed prior to 1958-1969.[3] The station building survives and is a listed building.[13] The route of the old railway has been converted into a cycle-track, known as Water Rail Way, which follows the river between Lincoln and Boston. The name of the cycle track refers to the river, the railway, and a wetland bird found in the area, the water rail.

Great Western Festival

In 1972 the area was host to the Great Western Festival, a four-day pop concert (also known as the Bardney Festival). Funded by Lord Harlech and the actor Stanley Baker (amongst others) it attracted 30,000 people to the venue, held at the nearby Tupholme Abbey ruins. Amongst the artistes playing were Roxy Music and Status Quo and, for two nights running, the Rory Gallagher Band. Despite its popularity the show lost money due mainly to bad weather which blighted the event.

Churches

The parish church, St Lawrence, was built around 1434 as part of the Abbey, and part of the abbey ruins have been incorporated into it. It contains some fascinating remnants of that time, and an exhibition on the history of the abbey, as well as later work.

The chancel is of brick, the same type as were used to build nearby Tattershall Castle.[14]

The parish is part of the Bardney Group of the Deanery of Horncastle in the Diocese of Lincoln.

The church is a Grade I listed building.[15]

There is also an active Methodist chapel; the current minister is the Rev'd Gordon Davis.[16]

About the village

Bardney stands at the edge of the present-day Lincolnshire Fens, but its name indicates that before the fens were drained for agriculture (from the 17th century onwards) it was surrounded with wet fenland. Nowadays the Lincolnshire Fens are mostly unflooded, very flat and very productive arable farmland. Wildlife observed on the fens near Bardney includes barn owl, red fox and hemlock.

Bardney is surrounded by ancient woodlands composed primarily of lime trees, known collectively as Bardney Limewoods. The flora of the woodlands is indicative of ancient woodland, including Allium ursinum, Hyacinthoides non-scripta and Circaea lutetiana, as well as several species of wild orchids. Wildlife in the limewoods includes deer, jay, hornet and purple hairstreak butterfly.

The modern primary school, Bardney Church of England and Methodist Primary School,[17] was opened in 1983.[3] It replaced two earlier schools merged in 1964.[3]

Society

The village sign

The village has pre-school facilities, including Bardney Mother and Toddler Group which meets at the Methodist Hall, a butcher's shop, a general store and two public houses.

Bardney Gala, held every year on August Bank Holiday Sunday, is a traditional Gala. The event consists of crafts, trade and community stands, funfair rides, bar and BBQ, sports, children's races, car boot sales, classic vehicles, and an Exemption Dog Show.[18]

Outside links

Commons-logo.svg
("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Bardney)

References

  1. Ekwall, Eilert, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 4th edition, 1960. ISBN 0198691033
  2. UK
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 "Village history with timeline". http://community.lincolnshire.gov.uk/bardneyvillagehistory/section.asp?catId=23041. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  4. "Summary of railway history". http://community.lincolnshire.gov.uk/bardneyvillagehistory/section.asp?catId=23041. Retrieved 21 February 2011. 
  5. Ludlam, A.J.; Herbert, W.B. (March 1987). Louth to Bardney Branch. Locomotion Papers. Oakwood Press. ISBN 978-0-85361-348-0. 
  6. Ludlam, A.J. (July 1995). Lincolnshire loop line of the GNR. Locomotion Papers. Oakwood Press. ISBN 978-0-85361-464-7. 
  7. "History of the sugar factory". http://community.lincolnshire.gov.uk/thehistoryofbardneysugarfactory/index.asp?catId=22419. Retrieved 22 February 2011. 
  8. National Monuments Record: No. 351575 – Bardney Abbey This gives the foundation date as before 697, but according to Bede, St Oswald's bones were moved there in about 679.
  9. National Heritage List 1008315: Bardney Abbey: remains of a Benedictine monastery, fishponds, post-medieval house and formal gardens (Scheduled ancient monument entry)
  10. National Monuments Record: No. 351591 – Butyate deserted mediæval village
  11. National Monuments Record: No. 892932 – Deserted mediæval village north of Bardney
  12. "History of Bardney Lock". http://community.lincolnshire.gov.uk/bardneyvillagehistory/section.asp?docId=77944. 
  13. National Monuments Record: No. 506745 – The Railway station
  14. St Lawrence, Bardney: Explore Churches
  15. National Heritage List 1359500: Church of St Lawrence (Grade I listing)
  16. "Methodist chapel web site". http://www.mysgw.co.uk/Page.asp?PageID=323&SiteID=197. 
  17. "School web site". http://bardneyschool.co.uk/. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  18. "Gala web site". http://www.bardneygala.co.uk/. Retrieved 18 April 2013.