Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge
|Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge|
|County Durham, Yorkshire|
The Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge, seen from downstream
|Carrying:||A178 traffic, pedestrians|
|Length:|| 851 feet |
Main span: 590 feet
The Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge, also known as the Tees Transporter Bridge spans the River Tees between Middlesbrough in Yorkshire on the south bank and Port Clarence in County Durham on the north bank. It is the last bridge on the Tees before it reaches the open sea.
The bridge is of an unusual form: a 'transporter bridge' more in the nature of an airborne ferry, carrying a travelling 'car', or 'gondola', suspended from the bridge, across the river in 90 seconds. The gondola can carry 200 people, 9 cars, or 6 cars and one minibus. It is the longest remaining transporter bridge in the world and one of only two transporter bridges operating in the United Kingdom; the other being the Newport Transporter Bridge over the River Usk in Monmouthshire.
Locally the bridge is often referred to simply as 'the Transporter'. It carries the traffic of the A178 Middlesbrough to Hartlepool road under its belly.
The idea of a transporter bridge across the River Tees was first mooted in 1872 when Charles Smith, Manager of the Hartlepool Iron Works, submitted a scheme to Middlesbrough Corporation. However the scheme was not pursued and it would not be until the new century that the idea of a transporter bridge across the river would again be revisited. Following a 1907 Act of Parliament the Bridge was built at a cost of £68,026 6s 8d by Sir William Arrol & Co. of Glasgow between 1910 and 1911 and replaced the ferry service here, which had been carried on by the steam boats 'Hugh Bell' and 'Erimus'. A transporter bridge was chosen rather than a fixed bridge because Parliament ruled that the new scheme of crossing the river had to avoid affecting the river navigation. The foundation stones, made of Aberdeen granite, were laid by Mayor of Middlesbrough Thomas Gibson-Poole and Alderman Joseph McLauchlan, the initiator of the transporter bridge scheme.
The opening ceremony on 17 October 1911 was performed by the Governor-General of Canada, Prince Arthur of Connaught (who was in Britain for his son's wedding and thrust into Royal duties: a few weeks later he opened the Middlesex Guildhall).
During the Second World War, the superstructure of the bridge was hit by a bomb. In 1953, the gondola got stuck half-way. While it was stuck, gale force winds lashed water to within inches of it. Notwithstanding these incidents, the gondola and the Transporter Bridge are still running in perfect order.
In 1974, the comedy actor Terry Scott, travelling between his hotel in Middlesbrough and a performance at the Billingham Forum, mistook the bridge for a regular toll crossing and drove his car off the end of the roadway, landing in the safety netting beneath.
In December 1993, the bridge was awarded the Institution of Mechanical Engineers' highest honour, The Heritage Plaque, for engineering excellence, in recognition of the Council's efforts in keeping the bridge in good working order. Its historical importance was also recognised in 1985 by its listing as a Grade II* Listed Building and its prominence as a local landmark was further enhanced in 1993 by the installation of flood lights that operate during the winter months.
Facts and figures
The Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge has an overall length (including cantilevers) of 851 feet, leaving a span between the centres of the towers of 590 feet, the beam of the bridge being carried at a height of 160 feet above the road. The bridge is the longest remaining transporter bridge in the world.
The bridge is currently owned by Middlesbrough Council and Stockton-on-Tees Borough Council. Middlesbrough Council has control of the day-to-day operations and maintenance. In 2011 the Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge received a £2.6m Heritage Lottery Fund award for improvement and renovation work to mark the Bridge's centenary. The improvement works include the installation of a glass viewing lift to the landmark's upper walkway and renovation of the gondola. The bridge was closed on 27 August 2013 for 40 days repainting. It was then discovered that repairs were needed. The bridge was re-opened for traffic on 6 April 2015. The "improvement works" are "still in hand".
On 5 March 2015 the Post Office issued a set of 10 First Class postage stamps featuring iconic British bridges, including the Tees Transporter Bridge.
Vintage bus running day
The bridge hosts an annual vintage bus running day, organised by The 500 Group. On this one day a year, usually a Sunday in April, vintage buses take people on free rides around Teesside. As part of the 2006 and 2007 events the bridge made a special trip carrying a former Teesside Municipal Transport Daimler Fleetline. Before this run began, no double deck bus had used the bridge in 30 years.
Tees Transporter Bridge Anniversary Award
In 2013, the Tees Transporter Bridge Anniversary Award was inaugurated as part of the Transporter Bridge's Heritage Lottery Fund-supported Visitor Experience Project in partnership with the Chartered Institution of Highways & Transportation (CIHT) and Teesside University. The inaugural award winner was Stephen Brown in Autumn 2013, with Jason Dunnett receiving the accolade in Autumn 2014.
In popular culture
The Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge has featured in films and TV programmes including:
- Boys from the Blackstuff,
- Billy Elliot,
- The Fast Show,
- Steel River Blues.
- Auf Wiedersehen, Pet
The storyline of the third series of Auf Wiedersehen, Pet saw the bridge dismantled to be sold to and re-erected in the United States. The local council received calls from people worried that the bridge was really being pulled down, with the BBC adding a disclaimer on the end of the final episode of the series stating that 'The Transporter Bridge remains in Middlesbrough'.
In the millennium celebrations of 2000, fireworks were fired from the length of the bridge.
- Newport Transporter Bridge – a similar bridge in Monmouthshire
- Warrington Transporter Bridge - a similar bridge on the Mersey (Lancashire / Cheshire), now disused, designed to carry railway wagons
- Tees Newport Bridge – a large vertical lift bridge upstream of Middlesbrough.
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
about Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge)
- Middlesbrough Council: The Transporter Bridge
- Middlesbrough Council - Transporter Bridge friends and volunteers
- The Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge at BBC Tees
- Transporter Bridge Middlesbrough Transporter Bridge at Structurae
- Howes, Brian (May 2009). "Building the Past – Middlesbrough Transport Bridge". Best of British: 73. SSN 1355-6681.
- "Over the rainbows". Evening Gazette. gazettelive.co.uk. 23 May 2008. http://rememberwhen.gazettelive.co.uk/2008/05/somehow_it_wouldnt_be_right.html. Retrieved 13 August 2009.
- National Heritage List England no. 1139845: Transporter Bridge
- National Heritage List England no. 1139847: Winch House, Adjoining Railings, Wall, Gates and Gatepiers, South West of Transporter Bridge
- National Heritage List England no. 1139846: Piers, Railings and Gates at Entrance to Transporter Bridge
- The 500 Group
- "Our annual Teesside Running Day". 27 April 2007. http://www.communigate.co.uk/ne/the500group/page3.phtml. Retrieved 19 January 2008.
- "Student receives inaugural Transporter anniversary award". Teesside University. 2017. http://www.tees.ac.uk/sections/news/pressreleases_story.cfm?story_id=4466&this_issue_title=October%202013&this_issue=245. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- "Bridge not under threat, pet". BBC News. BBC. 13 May 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/1985075.stm. Retrieved 20 January 2009.
- Anon. (1911) "The transporter bridge over the River Tees", The Engineer, 112 (September)
- Fernández Troyano, Leonardo (2003) Bridge engineering : a global perspective [Tierra sobre el agua], London : Thomas Telford, ISBN 0-7277-3215-3
- Prade, Marcel (1988) Ponts et viaducs au XIXe siècle, Poitiers (France) : Brissaud, ISBN 2-902170-59-9
- Prade, Marcel (1990) Les grands ponts du monde: Ponts remarquables d'Europe, Poitiers (France) : Brissaud, ISBN 2-902170-65-3
- Woodhouse, Robert (2009) Tees Valley Curiosities, Stroud, Gloucestershire : The History Press, ISBN 978-0-7509-5077-0