Marsden Mill, formerly Bank Bottom Mill, which closed in 2003
Marsden is a large village in the West Riding of Yorkshire, located seven miles west of Huddersfield at the confluence of the River Colne and the Wessenden Brook. It was formerly an important centre for the production of woollen cloth, focused at Bank Bottom Mill, which closed in 2003. According to a 2008 mid-year estimate the village has a population of 4,440.
Marsden grew wealthy in the nineteenth century from the production of woollen cloth. It is still home to Bank Bottom Mill, later known as Marsden Mill, and home to John Edward Crowther Ltd, formerly one of the largest mills in Yorkshire. The Crowthers moved to Marsden in 1876, beginning a long and profitable association with cloth manufacturing in the town.
During the 1930s Bank Bottom Mill covered an area of 14 acres, employed 680 looms, and provided employment for 1,900 workers.
The present Church of St Bartholomew was completed in 1899, although the nave and aisle had been in use from 1895, when the previous chapel was demolished. The tower was built in 1911, and the Parochial Hall in 1924 (with an extension in 1978). The church has a peal of ten bells.
Production of woollen cloth at Bank Bottom Mill ceased in 2003, with the loss of 244 jobs.
Marsden is the last significant settlement on the Yorkshire side of Standedge crossing of the Pennines into Lancashire. The village is surrounded on three sides by the high moors which are called Marsden Moor and Meltham Moor although Saddleworth Moor is very close. Saddleworth Moor is known for the place of burial for the moors murders. Marsden has low level access only from the east along the Colne Valley.
Several generations of tracks and roads have crossed the moors at this point. There are two distinctive packhorse bridges in the town (Mellor Bridge by the church, and Close Gate Bridge at the edge of the moor to the east of the village), whilst the current A62 main road crosses through the Standedge cutting some 2½ miles to the west. Both the Huddersfield Narrow Canal and the Huddersfield to Manchester railway also pass through Marsden, entering the parallel rail and canal Standedge Tunnels about half a mile to the west of the town. Marsden railway station is located in the village on the railway line.
Marsden Moor Estate, which surrounds Marsden to the west and south, and includes several reservoirs, is in the care of the National Trust. The Trust is developing new techniques to rehabilitate the moor.
Butterley Reservoir with its distinctive spillway is one of the reservoirs near Marsden. In chronostratigraphy, the British sub-stage of the Carboniferous period, the Marsdenian derives its name from Marsden.
The Holme Valley Mountain Rescue Team has its headquarters in Marsden. Operating from two bays of Marsden Fire Station, the volunteer team provides rescue cover for surrounding moorland areas, and also assists West Yorkshire Police with searches for missing people. The team was founded in 1965 and was originally based in Meltham before relocating to Marsden in 2005.
Marsden football club, Marsden AFC, play their home matches at the Fall Lane ground. In its centenary year the 1st team were promoted from the West Riding County Amateur League Division 1, and played in the West Riding County Amateur Premier Division for the 2008–09 season.
Above the village at Hemplow, on Mount Road (at the terminus of the Hard End bus service), is a sports ground which hosts Marsden's cricket, golf and tennis clubs, as well as Hemplow Bowling Club. The cricket club, formed in 1865, runs two teams in the Drake's Huddersfield Cricket League and teams in four age groups in the Huddersfield Junior Cricket League.
Marsden Silver Prize Band is the local silver band. The village hosts festivals and cultural events throughout the year. Marsden Cuckoo Day, a day-long festival held annually in Spring (April), holds clog dancing, a duck race, music, a procession and a "cuckoo walk". The Marsden Jazz Festival is held every October, and the winter Imbolc Festival, in which the 'triumph of the Green Man' (who represents the coming spring), over Jack Frost (the winter) is celebrated with fire juggling and giant puppets. Marsden is the home of Mikron Theatre Company, the world's only professional theatre company to tour by Narrowboat.
Marsden's 'Cuckoo Day festival' is named after a local legend of the Marsden Cuckoo:
- "Many years ago the people of Marsden were aware that when the cuckoo arrived, so did the Spring and sunshine. They tried to keep Spring forever, by building a tower around the Cuckoo. Unfortunately, as the last stones were about to be laid, away flew the cuckoo. If only they'd built the tower one layer higher. As the legend says, it 'were nobbut just wun course too low'."
In 2010 Marsden gained Walkers are Welcome status in recognition of its well-maintained footpaths, facilities and information for walkers and ramblers.
Bus services operate between Huddersfield and Marsden. A local service runs around the Marsden area, before continuing to Slaithwaite. A Trans-Pennine service between Huddersfield and Manchester passes through the village. Until 1963 it was a Huddersfield trolleybus terminus.
Marsden has its own railway station, which is based to the north of the village. Services operate along the Huddersfield Line between Huddersfield and Manchester Victoria with some Sunday journeys running to Leeds.
Marsden is accessed via the A62 between Oldham and Huddersfield, although drivers may need to take care when travelling along the A62, as the road between Oldham and Huddersfield, in particular the stretch of road between Marsden and Diggle was once voted the 4th dangerous road in Britain.
Use as filming location
Marsden is popular as a location for television and film productions. These productions have used the village:
- Where the Heart Is (ITV)
- Last of the Summer Wine (BBC)
- Eleventh Hour (ITV)
- Housewife, 49 (ITV)
- Wokenwell (ITV)
- The League of Gentlemen (BBC)
- Between Two Women (film)
- In the Flesh (TV series) (BBC)
Marsden was the birthplace of Henrietta Thompson, the mother of General James Wolfe who took Quebec from the French in 1759.
Marsden is also where Enoch Taylor was buried. Enoch Taylor was the blacksmith who built the first automatic croppers. The name Enoch was used for the hammers that the Luddites used to smash them. The Luddites used the slogan "Enoch made them, and Enoch shall break them."
- Pearson, Irene E., Marsden Through the Ages, (1984), ISBN 978-0950953304
- Kirklees Council mid-year estimate 2008
- www.marsdenhistory.co.uk Retrieved December 2013
- Huddersfield Daily Examiner Retrieved December 2013
- theviewfromthenorth.org Retrieved December 2013
- "Church and Chapel in Marsden". Marsden Local History Group. http://www.marsdenhistory.co.uk/church%20and%20chapel.html. Retrieved 11 January 2007.
- "Butterley Spillway, Marsden". Victorian Society. http://www.victoriansociety.org.uk/news/butterley-spillway-marsden-west-yorkshire/.
- Marsden Cricket Club website
- Drakes Huddersfield Cricket League Website
- Marsden Silver Prize Band
- Marsden Jazz Festival
- "Night of fire and fun as Imbolc festival returns to Marsden". Huddersfield Daily Examiner. 9 February 2009. http://www.examiner.co.uk/news/local-west-yorkshire-news/2009/02/09/night-of-fire-and-fun-as-imbolc-festival-returns-to-marsden-86081-22884083/. Retrieved 9 February 2009.
- Mikron Theatre Company
- "Marsden Cuckoo Festival preview". The Huddersfield Daily Examiner (Trinity Mirror North West and North Wales Limited). 22 April 2010. http://www.examiner.co.uk/news/west-yorkshire-news/marsden-cuckoo-festival-preview-5000975. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "BBC Radio 4 - Open Country". BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/factual/opencountry_20030503.shtml. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Marsden". Walkers are Welcome. http://www.walkersarewelcome.org.uk/marsden/. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Britains most dangerous roads". BBC News. 25 June 2007. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/6236636.stm.
- "Luddites". Marsden History Group. http://www.marsdenhistory.co.uk/people/luddites.html. Retrieved 30 December 2007.
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