Dundry is a village and parish situated on Dundry Hill in the northern part of the Mendip Hills, between Bristol and the Chew Valley Lake, in Somerset. The parish includes the hamlets of Maiden Head and East Dundry and forms part of the hundred of Chew. The parish had a 2011 population of 829.
The village lies on the route of the Monarch's Way long-distance footpath.
Dundry is notable for its stone: the yellow oolitic limestone from local quarries such as Dundry Main Road South Quarry and the Dundry Downs (to the west of the village) is found even at Cardiff Castle, a fort originally built by the Romans to defend against Anglo-Saxon invasions. The stone was much used in mediæval Bristol: an outstanding example being St Mary Redcliffe, an Anglican church in central Bristol. A large cube of stone (approximately 5 ft each edge) still stands in the churchyard: the cube is much considered to be an early advertisement for Dundry stone.
The neighbouring village of Chew Magna has in its graveyard an early 19th-century limestone round-topped stone which bears the inscription to William Fowler "shot by an Highwayman on Dundry Hill 14 June 1814 aged 32 years".
Second World War
Being so close to Bristol, Dundry caught many of the 77 air raids (mostly in 1940 and 1941) for which Bristol had:
- 919 tons of high-explosive bombs and myriad incendiary bombs
- 1299 persons killed
- 81,830 houses destroyed.
Many bombs and anti-aircraft shells landed in Dundry. The diary of Doris Ogilvie of East Dundry records that:
- 24 November 1940: Christening of William Duncan at St James Presbyterian Church, The Barton, Bristol. ... Church completely burned out that night. ... This evening a tremendous airraid began about 6pm – ended about midnight – Bristol was demolished in parts and fires started over a tremendously wide area. Glare in the sky reflected on hillside opposite the house. Shrapnel fell around the house, but vibration from bombs felt very little here – nearest ones fell North Wick, top fields near Knights [Walnut Farm], Bishopsworth etc. Next day roads partly closed for time bombs. L in Bristol and returned with tales of devastation and the amazingly good organisation and firefighting services.
- 27 November 1940: The Dundry Parish Hall – 86 people sheltered this week who were driven out of Bristol from demolished houses, flooding etc.
- Night of 3 January 1941 "Lawrie [her husband] on duty at the wireless station in Dundry [on Dundry Downs] all night. This night there was a bad raid on Bristol. A good many bombs dropped around Russell's and Knight's farms [North Hill Farm and Walnut Farm, both in East Dundry]: they sound like flocks of starlings coming down. Bad damage done to Bristol. One fell in Russell's bull pen and exploded."
- On 17 January "Preparations for incendiary bombs going on. Small bags of sand and buckets of water to be at every corner of the house — most awkward, but adds a spice to life."
- On 2 February "Lawrie continues his [air raid] trenching in the kitchen garden"
- On 12 April "Discovered a neat shell cap buried in the lawn, so now we have one like everyone else. This night Lawrie was on fire watch duty from 1 a.m. on. I was alone with D who slept in a basket under the kitchen table. The decoy over the hill [see Chew Magna], a mile away caught HEs [high explosive bombs] that night: we only felt vibrations."
- Summer 1942 "All this summer has been unnaturally quiet. Only two bad nights when Bath was blasted and set on fire in May."
- Sunday 15 November 1942 "Church bells were rung everywhere for the first time to celebrate Egypt victory."
Dundry Home Guard
During World War II members of the Dundry Home Guard had many draughty nights on the top of the church, on Maes Knoll, and (on Dundry Down) at the wireless complex watching out for air raids and possible troop landings by parachute and glider. Captain Knight of Walnut Farm, East Dundry served in the First World War and was in charge of the Dundry Home Guard. Fire watchers turned out to watch for fires whenever there were bombing raids. Just south of Rattledown Farm in East Dundry, there was a well-lit dummy town to deflect bombing from Bristol. In 1941, there was a Home Guard exercise for Dundry and neighbouring villages including Winford, Bishopsworth, Leigh Woods and Norton Malreward.
On 10 July 1968 a storm deluged the parish and neighbouring areas—6¾ in of rain was measured in Chew Stoke, and local streams such as Winford Brook were swollen by rain running off the slopes of Dundry Hill.
The Church of St Michael at Dundry is a prominent feature in its hill-top position with its tower visible for many miles around. The four-stage tower was erected by the Society of Merchant Venturers of Bristol as a landmark and is widely visible.
In the 1940s and 1950s the Ball family of Dundry ran the "Dundry Pioneer" bus service from Dundry Chapel via Dundry Church and the Hairpin Corner into Prince Street in central Bristol with Bedford buses. After the Dundry Pioneer, Bristol buses served Dundry.
Lawrence Ogilvie (1898–1980), East Dundry, plant pathologist
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- Blitz over Britain by Edwin Webb and John Duncan 1990, page 90
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- Pages 74-78 of Volume 2 of West Country Churches by W J Robinson, published 1914 by Bristol Times and Mirror Limited.
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- "Church of St Michael, Dundry". Images of England. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?id=33648. Retrieved 13 October 2007.
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