Brougham, Westmorland

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Brougham
Westmorland
Brougham Castle from the north east.jpg
Brougham Castle
Location
Grid reference: NY794145
Location: 54°38’40"N, 2°43’29"W
Data
Population: 277  (2011)
Post town: Penrith
Postcode: CA10
Dialling code: 01768
Local Government
Council: Eden
Parliamentary
constituency:
Penrith and the Border

Brougham is a small village (or more properly a collection of hamlets) in northern Westmorland, just south of Penrith (which is across the county border in Cumberland) in the valley of the River Eden. It is a modest place: the 2001 census recorded the parish as having a population of 279, falling marginally to 277 at the 2011 Census.[1]

Brougham "village" itself is no more than a scattering of farms and modern housing near the hall and is, along with neighbouring Eamont Bridge, often classed as an outlying suburb of Penrith. There are some more cottages next to the castle, which is partially built on the site of the Roman fort.

Churches

St Wilfrid Church

The parish has two Church of England churches:

  • Ninekirks, dedicated to St Ninian, is by the banks of the River Eamont and was extensively rebuilt by Lady Anne Clifford. It was previously a Norman foundation, probably on the site of an earlier Anglo-Saxon church. There is reputed to have been an even more ancient monastery nearby, founded by St Ninian.
  • St Wilfred's or Brougham Chapel is next to the hall, overlooking the River Lowther.
Brougham Hall in 1832

About the village

Within the parish are the remains of Brocavum Roman fort. The ruins of the mediæval Brougham Castle, once home to Lady Anne Clifford, are next to the fort. The mainly 19th century Brougham Hall, the former seat of the Lords Brougham and Vaux is nearby. The 17th-century Countess Pillar, set up by Lady Anne, is beside the A66 near the castle.

Also within the parish is Whinfell Forest the site of a Red squirrel reserve, the Center Parcs Oasis Holiday Village, and the site of RAF Hornby Hall WWII aerodrome.

Outside links

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References