Askham Richard

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Askham Richard
West Riding
Askham Richard.jpg
Askham Richard
Grid reference: SE536480
Location: 53°55’30"N, 1°11’6"W
Population: 351  (2011)
Post town: York
Postcode: YO23
Dialling code: 01904
Local Government
Council: York
York Outer

Askham Richard is a village and parish in the West RIding of Yorkshire, within the Ainsty wapentake, 6½ miles south-west of York, close to Copmanthorpe, Bilbrough and Askham Bryan. The population of the civil parish as of the 2011 census was 351.[1] The village became a Conservation Area in 1975. Nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture.


The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The name comes from ascam or ascha meaning "enclosure of ash-tree". It has been also known as "Little" or "West" Askham".[2][3] The "Richard" in the village name is reputed to be that of Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall.[4]

The villages of Askham Richard and close-by Askham Bryan were once just one manor around the time of Edward the Confessor and belonged to Edwin, Earl of Mercia. When Edwin's lands were confiscated by the William the Conqueror, the village was granted to Roger de Mowbray who then passed the Manor to his friend, William de Tykhill, a former Warden of Foss Bridge.[5][6]


In 1848, parish records show the population as 232.[7] In 1881, the National Census showed the population as 226.[6] According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 273. The 2011 census recorded the population as 351.[8]


The village consists of one main street, where the main village green and duck pond are located, and a couple of small lanes. The soil consists of gravel and clay.[2]

The village is 1¾ miles west of Askham Bryan, 2½ miles south of Rufforth, 1½ miles north-east of Bilbrough.


Within the village is HM Prison Askham Grange.[9] Also in the village is the Rose and Crown pub. There are three farms, but the remainder are dwellings. The nearby Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture provides some local employment.


York Pullman serves the village 2/3 times a day (Monday-Saturday) in each direction on service 37 which runs between Tadcaster to York.[10]


Primary education is catered for at St Mary Church of England primary school. Nearby is Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture. The college was originally known as the Yorkshire Institute of Agriculture, which opened in 1948. It became Askham Bryan College of Agriculture and Horticulture 19 years later. It now includes equine management, animal management, land management, business, food production, engineering and bioscience.[11]

Religious sites

The Norman-styled church is dedicated to St Mary and was partly rebuilt in 1887. The church is Grade II* listed,[12] and there is record of a church as far back as 1086.[6][13]


Views of Askham Richard
Askham Richard Village Centre  
Askham Richard village pond  
Askham Richard, St Mary's Church; the cricketer Archibald Fargus was vicar here in 1913.  
HM Prison Askham Grange  


  1. "Civil parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 February 2016. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Origin of Name". Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  3. "Village Name". Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  4. "Village name". Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  5. "Nobility". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 863. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 
  7. "Population 1848". Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  8. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Silverdale Parish (1170211381)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 March 2018 
  9. "Askham Grange Prison". H.M.Prison.,15,2,15,230,0. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 
  10. "Bus Service for route 37". Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  11. "Education". Retrieved 6 November 2010. 
  12. National Heritage List 1316686: Church of St Mary (Grade II* listing)
  13. "Church". Retrieved 4 December 2010. 

Outside links

("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Askham Richard)