Wressle

From Wikishire
Jump to: navigation, search
Wressle
Yorkshire
East Riding
Wressle, Main Road.jpg
The main road through Wressle
Location
Grid reference: SE709315
Location: 53°46’32"N, 0°55’28"W
Data
Population: 271  (2011)
Post town: Selby
Postcode: YO8
Dialling code: 01757
Local Government
Council: East Riding of Yorkshire
Parliamentary
constituency:
Haltemprice and Howden

Wressle (with spelling variations of Wressell, and Wressel, in Leland's Itinerary as Wreshil, in the Domesday Book as Weresa) is a village in the East Riding of Yorkshire, on the eastern bank of the River Derwent three miles north-west of Howden.

The village has a late 18th-century church, St John, and on the western fringe of the village is the Grade I listed structure and scheduled monument, the ruins of Wressle Castle.[1][2] Wressle railway station is located within the village.

The parish includes the hamlets of Brind, Newsholme and Loftshome. The 2011 census recorded a parish population of 271.

History

Wressle is listed as a Manor (Weresa) in the Domesday Book of 1086.[3]

Wressle Castle was a quadrangular castle originally was built for Thomas Percy in around 1380.[4] It is ruinous and not open to the public.

The Church of St John of Beverley

An early church is thought to have been destroyed during the Civil War as it represented a potential fortification; church services were then held in the chapel in the remains of Wressle Castle, until that was destroyed by fire (1796).[5][6]

The parish church of St John of Beverley, now a Grade II listed building, was built in 1799 of brick with stone dressings, as a replacement.[7]

Other 18th-century buildings still extant include the Castle Farmhouse (1796) built to house the farmer after the fire in Wressle Castle;[8] and the Long Barn (late 18th century) near to the castle site, Holly Cottage in Wressle village (mid-18th century); all built of brick.[9][10][11] Rowland Hall, east of the village was built in the late 18th century in brick with stone dressings and is now Grade II listed.[12]

In 1840 the Hull and Selby Railway was opened, passing south of Wressle, with a cast-iron bridge over the Derwent; services calling at Wressle are recorded as early as 1843, with a full train service at Wressle station by 1855.[13] A school with an attached schoolmaster's house was erected in 1854.[6]

A windmill was built at Mill Farm, east of the village church, in the 19th century; by 1890 it was out of use.[14]

The village has had minimal urban growth in the industrial and modern age.

Loftsome

The Loftsome toll swing bridge

Loftsome and Loftsome Bridge were small hamlets in the parish of Wressle. The Derwent was once crossed by a ferry at Loftsome. A swing bridge crossing of the Derwent was built at Loftsome in 1804, operated as a toll bridge.[15][16][17]

There has been an inn at Loftsome Bridge since at least the 1800s.[18] By 1823 the inn was known as the Loftsome Bridge Inn.[19]

In the 1870s Loftsome's population was 20.[20]

The original Loftsome Bridge remained in use to the early 1930s, at which time a new bridge was built for the Hull-Selby road (part of the A63).[15][21]

Outside links

Commons-logo.svg
("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Wressle)

References

  1. National Heritage List 1083170: Ruins of Wressle Castle (Grade I listing)
  2. National Heritage List 1005210: Wressle Castle (Scheduled ancient monument entry)
  3. Wressle in the Domesday Book
  4. Pevsner & Neave 1995, pp. 766–7.
  5. Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 766.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Wressle: History and Directory of East Yorkshire (1892; Bulmer)
  7. National Heritage List 1310488: Church of St John of Beverley (Grade II listing)
  8. Pevsner & Neave 1995, p. 769.
  9. National Heritage List 1310461: Holly Cottage, 37, Main Street (Grade II listing)
  10. National Heritage List 1160659: The Long Barn and Wressle Castle farm, Breighton Road (Grade II listing)
  11. National Heritage List 1346762: Castle Farmhouse (Grade @ listing)
  12. National Heritage List 1083172: Rowland Hall, Rowland Hall lane (Grade II listing)
  13. See Hull and Selby Railway and Wressle railway station
  14. National Heritage List 1346761: Windmill Tower at Mill Farm (Grade II listing)
  15. 15.0 15.1 A History of the County of York: East Riding - Volume 3 pp@: Hemingbrough – Brackenholme with Woodhall (Victoria County History)[http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=23003:@}}
  16. The Monthly Magazine, or, British Register. 16. 1 October 1803. p. 285. https://books.google.com/books?id=fWQ3AQAAMAAJ&pg=PA285. "It is intended to build a new swing bridge over the river Derwent, at or near a place called Loftsome Ferry House, ..." 
  17. Journals of the House of Lords. 44. 1802. p. 202. https://books.google.com/books?id=_xxDAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA202. "(Loftsome Bridge Bill) An Act for building a Bridge over the River Derwent, at or near Loftsome Ferry, from the Parish of Wressel, to the opposite Shore, in the Parish of Hemingbrough, in the East Riding of the County of York" 
  18. "The History". Loftsome Bridge Coaching House Ltd. http://www.loftsomebridge-hotel.co.uk/history.html. 
  19. Edward Baines (1774–1848) (1823). History, Directory & Gazetteer, of the County of York. 2. p. 364. https://books.google.com/books?id=-xgHAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA364. 
  20. University of Portsmouth. "Loftsome East Riding". A Vision of Britain through Time. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/24904. 
  21. Ordnance Survey. 1:2500. 1890–1, 1907–9, 1938, 1972

Further reading

  • Brears, P. (2010). "Wressle Castle: functions, fixtures and furnishings for Henry Percy 'the magnificent', fifth earl of Northumberland, 1498–1527". Archaeological Journal 167: 55–114. 
  • Emery, Anthony (1996). Northern England. 1. Cambridge University Press. pp. 414–419. 
  • Neave, D. (1984). "Wressle Castle". Archaeological Journal 141: 58–60. 
  • James Savage (antiquary) (1797). An Historical Account of the Parish of Wressle, in the East Riding of the County of York. 
  • Savage, James (1805). The History of the Castle and Parish of Wressle, in the East Riding of the County of York.