The lake with the nuclear power station
|Post town:||Blaenau Ffestiniog|
Trawsfynydd is a village and parish in Merionethshire, adjacent to the A470 road north of Bronaber and Dolgellau near Blaenau Ffestiniog. Its name is from the Welsh language for "across [the] mountain".
The total parish area is 31,700 acres with a population of just under 1,000 – the area is sparsely populated with each acre inhabited by an average 0.03 persons. There is one grocery shop, one public house, a newsagent, a chemist, garage, petrol service station, and a branch of a large agricultural merchants.
During the Second World War, the War Office used a site near Trawsfynydd for training exercises.
Trawsfynydd used to be served by a section of the Great Western Railway branch line, which ran from Bala to Blaenau Ffestiniog. To the north of the station, the army built its own station to serve the large camp nearby.(camp detail) Today Trawsfynydd railway station is a private home. (pictures). The line closed to all traffic in 1961, and the trackbed at the Bala end was subsequently severed by the Llyn Celyn reservoir, but the section between Blaenau and Trawsfynydd Power Station reopened in 1964 for nuclear flask traffic. Access from the Bala end being no longer possible, a new section of track – the so-called "Trawsfynydd Link" – was constructed to link the previously separate ex-GWR and ex-LNWR stations in Blaenau Ffestiniog. It finally closed in 1998, although the track remains in situ.
Llyn Trawsfynydd, and power stations
The lake was subsequently also supplied cooling water to the twin reactor Trawsfynydd nuclear power station used for the commercial generation of electricity for the UK National Grid.
Four dams were built to create the lake, one of these being subsequently rebuilt after construction of the nuclear power plant. Whereas previously the Maentwrog power station had access to all of the water in the lake, the needs of the nuclear plant dictated that from then on, the hydro plant should only use the top five feet of water.
Trawsfynydd was the home of the Welsh bard Hedd Wyn, who died on the battlefields of Flanders during World War I, just before he was to receive the winning prize at the National Eisteddfod. Y Gadair Ddu (The Black Chair) can now be found at his home farm Yr Ysgwrn. He is buried in Flanders.
Church of St Madryn
The church is dedicated to St Madryn, was burned down in 1978 and re-opened in 1981 (it remains the only listed building in the village).
The parish of Trawsfynydd was home to Saint John Roberts, one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales, canonised in 1970: he was baptised in the church. Descended from Welsh saints and princes, he gained great respect helping the plague sufferers in London, but was found guilty of high treason and hanged, drawn and quartered on 10 December 1610.
In popular culture
The film First Knight had scenes filmed around Lake Trawsfynydd.
The film Hedd Wyn was filmed in and around Trawsfynydd.
- Morgan Lloyd, Liberal politician and MP, was born in the parish of Trawsfynydd.
- Dewi Prysor, novelist and poet, was raised in the parish of Trawsfynydd.
- Iwan Roberts, actor, lyricist and singer, was raised in the village.
- Saint John Roberts, Benedictine monk and missionary priest, was born in the parish of Trawsfynydd.
- John Rowlands, novelist and academic, was born in the parish of Trawsfynydd.
- Hedd Wyn, poet, was born in the village.
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