Stocks House

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Stocks House
Hertfordshire
Stocks Hotel.jpg
Stocks House, pictured in around 1995
Location
Grid reference: SP96231335
Location: 51°48’38"N, 0°36’20"W
Village: Aldbury
History
Built 1773
For: Arnold Duncombe
Country house
Neoclassical
Information

Stocks manor house is a large Georgian mansion just outside Aldbury in Hertfordshire. It is the grandest house of the parish and is the centre of the manorial farm estate as it has been for centuries. The house is at the very edge of the county: the Buckinghamshire border runs just to the north, at the edge of the little copse behind the house.

The house was built in 1773.[1]

The farm estate covers 182 acres and is bordered by 10,000 acres of the National Trust's Ashridge Forest, which rises up the escarpment of the Chiltern Hills at the edge of the fields.

The house is a Grade II listed building.[2]

It takes its name from the stocks still standing on the green in the village.

Early history

Stocks in 1903
Interior of Stocks in 1914

Stocks House was built in 1773 on the site of an earlier manor house known as La Stok which had existed since mediæval times. Records from the 17th century show that the land was in the possession of Robert Duncombe, an ancestor of the Lords Feversham. In 1773, Arnold Duncombe built himself a new house.[2] The estate then passed successively to the Hayton, Whitbread and Gordon families.[3]

The house has had a number of literary associations. James Adam Gordon, who inherited the Stocks estate in 1832, was a friend of the romantic author Sir Walter Scott, and it is reputed that the writer visited Gordon at Stocks House.[3] In 1891, the house was inherited by Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon, who served as Foreign Minister and as Ambassador to the United States, from his grandfather. Lord Falloden's career never allowed him to live there, and in 1892 he sold Stocks House [4] to best-selling British novelist Mary Augusta Ward and her husband Thomas Humphry Ward[3] who made Stocks their home until Mary's death in 1920.[5] Mary was the better known writer of the two, and published two best-selling novels Lady Rose's Daughter (1903) and The Marriage of William Ashe (1905), under the pen name Mrs Humphry Ward.[3]

While the Wards lived at Stocks, it became a bustling salon of leading intellectual luminaries. Upon Ward's death, Stocks was inherited by her son, a Member of Parliament, Arnold Ward.[6] who sold Stocks to the Blezard family, who later sold it to the bachelor Arthur Brown of the Luton quaker family of timber millers.[4]

In 1944, Stocks House became a residential school when a finishing school for girls, Brondesbury, moved to Stocks manor house from its previous location in Surrey. The school was then dubbed Brondesbury-at-Stocks. Katharina Forbes-Dunlop, a British author, became the last headmistress of the school, some years later.[7] In 1972 Forbes-Dunlop retired: she died at the age of 100.

Playboy

The swimming pool during renovations in 2007

In 1972, Stocks House achieved some notoriety when it was purchased by American Playboy executive Victor Lownes and English Playboy Playmate Marilyn Cole[1] for £115,000.[4] They renovated the house and fitted it out with a private disco, games room and swimming pool and installed a massive jacuzzi - reputedly the largest in the country. The mansion was used as a training camp for Playboy bunnies and Lownes was well known for leading a "lothario" lifestyle and hosting extravagant parties at Stocks. His most notorious party lasted a full 25 hours and featured a funfair in the grounds, and guests drank champagne and cavorted with models and beauty queens.[5] The parties were attended by a number of celebrities of the day including Peter Cook, John Cleese, Christopher Reeve, Jack Nicholson, Keith Moon and Tony Curtis,[8] as well as Hugh Hefner, Kenny Lynch, Dai Llewellyn, Mick Jagger, Warren Beatty, Roman Polanski, Bryan Ferry and Ringo Starr. The ITN newsreader Reginald Bosanquet reportedly appeared at the events strutting around in a fez and calf-length boots. The parties attracted some comment from local residents; one local, complaining about a Hogmanay party held at Stocks, remarked: “At 3am on the first, the swimming pool was alive to the cries of naked ladies. And they were not singing Auld Lang Syne.

Despite his reputation for rowdy celebrations, Lownes was popular with villagers for his support for local charities. He donated Christmas hampers to elderly locals and supported community initiatives such as the Tring Donkey Derby, bringing to the event Playboy Bunny Girls and celebrity guests such as Miss World Silvana Suárez and the racehorse Red Rum.[9]

Lownes also owned the house at 1 Connaught Square in London, which coincidentally was once the townhouse of Mary Augusta Ward, the former owner of Stocks, who died there.[4]

Spa

Following Lownes' ownership, Stocks was acquired by cricketer Phil Edmonds, who hosted celebrity cricket days and events for charity there, in 1987.[10] Bridgend Group bought Stocks House in around 1992 along with adjacent farm land and added the golf course to the extensive grounds turning the property into the Stocks Golf Resort Hotel and Health Spa.[11]

Reversion to private house

In 2004 Stocks was sold to Peter Harris, a retired horse trainer, entrepreneur and multimillionaire for an undisclosed sum. He restored the Stocks Hotel to being a private home; an extensive renovation completed in 2008.

In popular culture

Stocks House and the village of Aldbury have been a popular choice for location shooting for music, film and television productions. In 1967 the house was used for an episode of the popular television serial The Avengers entitled "Murdersville".[12][13]

Some shots in the music video for the 1982 song "Our House" by Madness (band)|Madness were filmed at Stocks House.[14]

In 1997 the house and swimming pool also featured on the cover of the Oasis album, Be Here Now.[5]

Outside links

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("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Stocks House)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Stocks House: Hertfordshire Genealogy
  2. 2.0 2.1 National Heritage List England no. 1078055: Stocks House (Historic England)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 A History of the County of HertfordVictoria County History: [1]
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Lownes, Victor (1982). Playboy Extraordinary. St Albans: Granada Publishing. ISBN 0-246-11793-1. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 @"Aldbury: Be here now" (in en). Archived from the original on 3 May 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170503104502/http://www.hertfordshirelife.co.uk/out-about/places/aldbury-be-here-now-1-1631649. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  6. "Arnold Ward". Spartacus. http://spartacus-educational.com/PRward.htm. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  7. Bernstein, Margaret. "Inspiration: Katharina Forbes Dunlop (Aunt Bengie)". Archived from the original on 19 May 2009. https://www.webcitation.org/5gt5IoWAj?url=http://www.gamusic.com/inspirations/inspire.html. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  8. Cook, Judy; Levin, Angela (2008). "15. Town and Country Living" (in en). Loving Peter: My life with Peter Cook and Dudley Moore. Little, Brown Book Group. ISBN 9780748110261. https://books.google.com/books?id=QsjcIbVoVBYC&lpg=PT167&dq=Victor%20Lownes%20stocks%20house&pg=PT167#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 3 May 2017. 
  9. "The Playboy who threw parties in Aldbury" (in en). Tring Gazette. 18 January 2017. Archived from the original on 5 May 2017. https://web.archive.org/web/20170505100849/http://www.tringtoday.co.uk/news/the-playboy-who-threw-parties-in-aldbury-1-7778466. Retrieved 5 May 2017. 
  10. "The man who made £20m in four days". This is Money. 28 February 2005. http://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/news/article-1588140/The-man-who-made-20m-in-four-days.html. Retrieved 27 June 2015. 
  11. "Bridgend Group PLC: Proposed Acquisitions of Kingavon Limited and Cosmic Automotive". PR Newswire. 16 April 1997. http://www.prnewswire.co.uk/news-releases/bridgend-group-plc-proposed-acquisitions-of-kingavon-limited-and-cosmic-automotive-156161775.html. Retrieved 29 March 2016. 
  12. Jones, Mark (2015) (in en). Film & TV Locations in the Chilterns and Thames Valley 1940-2014. WP Comics Ltd.. https://books.google.com/books?id=YucqBwAAQBAJ&lpg=PA88&dq=stocks%20house%20aldbury%20filming%20location&pg=PA88#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  13. "The Avengers Forever: On Location". Archived from the original on 9 August 2016. https://web.archive.org/web/20160809073747/http://theavengers.tv/forever/locations-5.htm. Retrieved 4 May 2017. 
  14. Reed, John (in en). House of Fun: The Story of Madness. Omnibus Press. ISBN 9780857127150. https://books.google.com/books?id=e-WaAwAAQBAJ&lpg=PT256&dq=Victor%20Lownes%20stocks%20house&pg=PT256#v=onepage&q&f=false.