St Hilary, Glamorgan
The Bush Inn
|Council:||Vale of Glamorgan|
|Vale of Glamorgan|
St Hilary is a village and ancient parish in Glamorgan. It is located just south of the A48 road, about a mile south-east of the market town of Cowbridge. The village has a population of about 260, in approximately 80 houses. Notable landmarks in the vicinity include The Bush Inn, the Church of St Hilary, the Old Beaupre Castle, New Beaupre, Coed Hills and St Hilary mast.
The dedication of a church to the French bishop and saint Hilary of Poitiers is unusual for Britain and probably initially reflected a foundation credited to either the Breton missionary and saint Ilar or the native pilgrim and saint Elian. The relative obscurity of these saints, however, has led the Church in Wales to consider this church a dedication to Saint Hilary instead, at least as early as the beginning of the 20th century.
Saint Hilary's own connection with Wales arose from confused accounts that he ordained Saint Cybi as a bishop, although the two were separated by two centuries. Baring-Gould suggests this may have arisen from a confusion with Saint Elian, who was a relative of Cybi's.
In 1845, the parish had a population of 164 people and had an area of 1,200 acres. The parish is bounded on the north by that of Llanblethian; on the south by Llancarvan and St Mary Church; on the east by Llantrithyd; and on the west by Llandough. The hamlets of The Garn and Ty-draw lie on the road to Llantrithyd to the east. The River Thaw runs between St Hilary and St Mary Church.
The St Hilary Conservation Area was designated a special architectural and historic interest site in October 1971.
The village dates from mediæval times with a parish church, rectory, and a pub, the thatched roofed Grade II-listed The Bush Inn. The whole village, which was built surrounding the parish church, lies in the agricultural heartland of the Vale of Glamorgan. To the north-west near the A48 is the St Hilary Down and a monument commemorating the dead of the Glamorgan Yeomanry. To the south-east of the village is the Coed Hills Rural Landscape, an alternative artspace established in 1997, designed following principles of low-impact development. In 2002, the site featured Mongolian yurts.
The village also contains an Iron Age roundhouse and formerly contained the St Hilary school, the smallest in the county with just 10 pupils recorded in 1678. The village school closed in 1910; children in the village now generally go to the school in St Mary Church.
There are two notable country houses. Among the most conspicuous is the now ruined Grade I listed Old Beaupre Castle, which stands to the south on the site of one of the palaces of the royal house of Sitsyllt, the progenitors of the family of the Cecils, Marquesses of Salisbury and Exeter; it is supposed to have been one of the most ancient in the vale. It is situated in a meadow about a mile from the village. Originally called Beau Pre (pronounced 'Bewper'), on which spot the present mansion, now in a ruinous condition, was built about the year 1600. A notable feature is the ornamental porch attached to the principal front of the building, which is considered as one of the earliest specimens of the Grecian style of architecture introduced into this country, and was erected at the expense of Richard Bassett, Esq. It consists of three stages of columns of which the lowest is of the Doric, the middle of the Tuscan, and the upper of the Corinthian order. Te capitals, intaglios, and other sculptures are well made. Immediately over the entrance are the family arms, sculptured in alto-relievo, with a commemorative inscription in Roman capitals. Captain Richard Bassett was lord of the manor of Beau Pre, under the will of his distant relation, the late Daniel Jones, Esq., who died in 1841, and who had bought the estate in 1797 of the late C. Traherne, Esq., and Miss Edmondes.
The Grade II listed New Beaupre is situated about half a mile to the north of Old Beaupre Castle. It was built by the late Daniel Jones, Esq.
St Hilary Cottage, or St Hilary, was the residence of the late Llewelyn Traherne, a portion of which was the abode of the Bassets before they possessed Beau Pre. In the 1840s, Rev. John Montgomery Traherne was lord of the manor of St Hilary, which his family purchased in the year 1758.
The 14th century, red-tiled Grade II* listed Church of St Hilary is a substantial structure in the later English style, consisting of a nave, south aisle, and chancel, with an embattled tower at the west end. The nave is 45 ft long and 33 ft broad including the aisle. The chancel 22 ft long and 15 ft wide. The eastern window of the south aisle is elegantly design, and that of the chancel is ornamented with stained glass, representing the arms of the Traherne family.
On the high ground to the north of the village (and just north of the A48) stands the 750 ft St Hilary mast, built in 1957 for transmitting the now-defunct 405-line/Channel 7 TV system to South Wales and the West of England.
- Richard Bassett, (fl. 15th century), lord of the manor of Old Beau Pre
- John Montgomery Traherne (fl. 1840s), reverend, lord of the manor of St Hilary
- Llewelyn Traherne (1766–1842), High Sheriff of Glamorgan
- Thomas, Hilary M., St Hilary - A History of the Place and its People (2000)
- Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1834)
- "The village and its history". Sthilary.org.uk. http://www.sthilary.org.uk/history-of-the-village. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- History of Wallasey. "History of Wallasey Churches". 2014.
- Rees, Rice. An Essay on the Welsh Saints or the Primitive Christians Usually Considered to Have Been the Founders of Churches in Wales, p. 224. Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, Green, & Longman (London), 1836.
- Stanton, Richard. A Menology of England and Wales: Or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries, p. 703. Bunrs & Oates, 1892.
- Church in Wales. "Churches". 2014.
- Baring-Gould, Sabine & al. The Lives of the British Saints: The Saints of Wales and Cornwall and Such Irish Saints as Have Dedications in Britain, Vol. III, pp. 299 f. Chas. Clark (London), 1908. Hosted at Archive.org. Accessed 25 Nov 2014.
- Newell, Ebenezer Josiah. A History of the Welsh Church to the Dissolution of the Monasteries, p. 58. E. Stock (London), 1895.
- Haddan, Arthur West & al. (eds.) Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents Relating to Great Britain, Vol. I, App. E: "Legendary Lives Exist of the Following British Saints, A.D. 450–700", p. 159. Clarendon Press (Oxford), 1869.
- Baring-Gould & al., Vol. II, pp. 203 f.
- Lewis, Samuel (1845). A Topographical Dictionary of Wales. S. Lewis and Co.. p. 413. http://books.google.com/books?id=vQQVAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA413. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Lewis, Samuel (1855). The book of English rivers: an account of the rivers of England and Wales, particularizing their respective courses, their most striking scenery, and the chief places of interest on their banks (Public domain ed.). Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. pp. 96–. http://books.google.com/books?id=BUNTxplv8Y0C&pg=PA96. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- "St Hilary Conservation Area". Vale of Glamorgan Council. http://www.valeofglamorgan.gov.uk/living/planning/planning_policy/conservation_areas/st_hilary.aspx. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Bradley, Arthur Granville (1905). In the march and borderland of Wales (Public domain ed.). Houghton, Mifflin and co.. pp. 343–. http://books.google.com/books?id=ino_AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA343. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Parker, Mike; Whitfield, Paul (1 August 2003). Rough Guide to Wales. Rough Guides. p. 132. ISBN 978-1-84353-120-3. http://books.google.com/books?id=1KH8vyyFNOoC&pg=PA132. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- Community website
- "Whale and yurts in green art show". BBC. 30 June 2002. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/wales/2076533.stm. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- Williams, Stewart; Williams, John (July 1975). South Glamorgan, a county history. Stewart Williams, Publishers. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-900807-19-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=TC-AAAAAIAAJ. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
- The Surveyor and municipal and county engineer. The St. Bride's press, ltd.. 1 January 1957. p. 294. http://books.google.com/books?id=I8zmAAAAMAAJ. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- International broadcast engineer: IBE.. International Trade Publications. 1965. p. 616. http://books.google.com/books?id=Y8gpAQAAMAAJ. Retrieved 17 April 2012.