Southam, Gloucestershire

From Wikishire
Jump to: navigation, search
Southam
Gloucestershire
Southam Church.jpg
Church of the Ascension, Southam
Location
Grid reference: SO970256
Location: 51°55’45"N, 2°2’37"W
Data
Population: 1,175
Post town: Cheltenham
Postcode: GL52
Local Government
Council: Tewkesbury

Southam is a village in Gloucestershire, located on the outskirts of Cheltenham. Its main features are a castle, which has now been converted to a hotel, and the Gloucestershire Warwickshire Railway, which runs through the outskirts of the village.

It is primarily a residential community for workers in Cheltenham, and has a growing retired and working population, attracted by the scenic countryside.

The parish of Southam had a population of 1,175 according to the 2011 census.

History

By about 991, the name Southam was already in use, possibly derived from its position south of the larger parish of Bishop's Cleeve.[1] In the Domesday Book it is written as Surham and was held by Durand, the Sheriff of Gloucester.[2]

From 1865 the village was also known as Southam-de-la-bere, this was to distinguish it from Southam in Warwickshire.[1]

Before Southam was in the hands of the de la Bere family in the 17th century, the land was owned by Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford. His youngest daughter, Mary de Bohun, was given the Manor as a dowry when she married Henry Bolingbroke in 1381, who later became Henry IV. As King, Henry IV annexed the manor to the Duchy of Lancaster and later on King James I granted the Manor to Robert Cecil, the Earl of Salisbury, who then sold it to Richard de la Bere.

Richard de la Bere was the Lord of the Manor of Southam from 1609,[3] and his Manor house was near the present Pigeon House in Southam Lane.

Richard de la Bere was a Barrister of Law at Lincoln's Inn, and he died in 1636. His wife Margaret had the magnificent de la Bere tomb built in the south aisle of St. Michael’s Church in Bishop's Cleeve in 1639, at a cost of £400. They had no children, so his cousin, Kinnard de la Bere, inherited the title, and Southam House became the Manor House from 1636. Also leaving no direct male heir, Kinnard left the manor to William Baghott of Prestbury, the second son of William Baghott and Anne de la Bere (m.1684),[4] who took on the name and crest of de la Bere. His eldest son, Thomas Baghott de la Bere, then inherited the estate.[5]

Southam House, now Ellenborough Park Hotel

Thomas Goodman is thought to have begun building Southam House c.1500 and was completed by Sir John Huddleston,[1] who was steward of Sudeley Castle.[6]

Southam House was later used by The Oriel School for Girls and now it is the Ellenborough Park Hotel.

Parish church

The parish church, the Church of the Ascension, is of the 12th-century.[7] The church was abandoned to storing crops and making cider at some stage after 1646.

In 1862 The Earl of Ellenborough restored the church in memory of his first wife, Lady Octavia Stewart, who had died of tuberculosis after five years of marriage. Ownership of the church transferred to the Diocese of Gloucester in 1957.

About the village

Southam has a Grade II* listed tithe barn[8]

The village hall is used for coffee mornings and for hire for classes and children's activities.

The village is found about two and a half miles north-east of town Cheltenham, and about ten miles north-east of city Gloucester. Woodmancote is theclosest village, less than a mile from Southam.

Commons-logo.svg
("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Southam, Gloucestershire)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 A History of the County of Gloucester - Volume 8 pp2-25: Parishes: Bishop's Cleeve (Victoria County History)
  2. Hinde, Thomas (1985). The Domesday Book, England's Heritage Then & Now. Book Club Associates. p. 114. ISBN 0091618304. 
  3. Griffith, Samuel: Griffith's New historical description of Cheltenham and its vicinity (1826) page 57
  4. Ellenborough Estate: The National Archives
  5. Rudge, Thomas: 'The History of the County of Gloucester: Compressed and Brought Down to the Year 1803' (1803) page 91
  6. History of Bishop's Cleeve and Southam on cheltenham4u
  7. National Heritage List 1303115: Church of the Ascension
  8. National Heritage List 1091668: Tithe Barn