Ramsbottom

From Wikishire
Jump to: navigation, search
Ramsbottom
Lancashire
View of Ramsbottom.jpg
A view over Ramsbottom
Location
Grid reference: SD790169
Location: 53°38’54"N, 2°19’1"W
Data
Population: 17,352  (2001)
Post town: Bury
Postcode: BL0
Dialling code: 01706
Local Government
Council: Bury
Parliamentary
constituency:
Bury North

Ramsbottom is a market town in Lancashire, on the River Irwell four miles north of Bury. It sits in the valley bottom of Rossendale, amongst the Pennine Hills.

The Victorian architecture of Ramsbottom, its industrial heritage, including the East Lancashire Railway and the beautiful Pennine landscape contribute to heritage tourism in the town.

Name

The name of the town is from Old English: 'Bottom' means just that (the Old English word being botm) and refers in this case to the valley bottom. The prefix may be from ramm ('ram') or hramsa ('wild garlic')

A record from 1324 recording the name as Ramesbothum is inconclusive as to the two rival etymologies.[1] The town was alternatively recorded as Ramysbothom in 1540.[2]

History

Early history

Evidence of prehistoric activity has been discovered in the hills surrounding the town. Early records show that in Norman times Ramsbottom was part of the Forest of Rossendale. There are a number of Bronze Age burial sites around the town, the most notable of which is Whitelow Cairn, one mile southeast of the town centre and three miles north of Bury. The cairn was excavated by Bury Archaeological Group between 1960–62.[3] Finds include one main and seven secondary cremations, four in urns, dating to the mid Bronze Age. Artefacts found during the excavation are housed in Bury Museum.

The early Anglo-Saxons who gave Ramsbottom its name progressively felled the woodland during the Middle Ages. Ramsbottom became an area of scattered woods, farmsteads, moorland and swamp with a small community of families until the late 18th century.

Industrial Revolution

Ramsbottom developed during the 19th century as a manufacturing and mill town on the road from Bury to Haslingden by the River Irwell, its suburbs stretched south to Hazelhurst and north to Stubbins.[4] Mills were built for spinning, weaving and printing. Square Mill was in its day innovative in combining many such processes under one roof.

With a readily available source of water power, Sir Robert Peel purchased land in Ramsbottom in the late 18th century to commence a major manufacturing career. It is this exchange that effectively founded Ramsbottom as a homogeneous settlement; the factory system, and Industrial Revolution facilitated a process of unplanned urbanisation in the area, contributing to it becoming an important and populous mill town.

The Grant Arms Hotel in Market Place was the home of William and Daniel Grant, 19th century industrialists closely associated with the rise of the town and reputed to be the inspiration for the Cheeryble brothers in Nicholas Nickleby by Charles Dickens.[4][5] The Grants' employees were paid in tokens that had to be redeemed at a public house owned by the company. The landlord converted the tokens into cash, but only after deducting threepence per person, which had to be spent on beer, a variation on the truck system.[6]

A network of roads and railways routed through Ramsbottom allowed for a series of diverse industries, including calico-printing, cotton spinning, machine-making, rope-making and iron and brass founding. Imports of foreign goods during the mid-20th century precipitated the decline of these sectors.

Geography

Ramsbottom lies amongst the South Pennines

The Ramsbottom parish formed in 1844 was a mile and a quarter in length and about three-quarters of a mile in width in the Lower Tottington township in the valley of the River Irwell that extends from Bury to Rossendale. It is bounded to the south by Holcombe Brook and Summerseat; to the north by Edenfield, Irwell Vale, Stubbins and the hamlets of Chatterton and Strongstry; to the west by Holcombe and to the east by Shuttleworth and Turn Village.

The area is characterised by its position on the south side of the West Pennine Moors. The high ground rises sharply on either side of the town with Holcombe Moor, Harcles Hill and Bull Hill to the west and Top O' Th' Hoof, Harden Moor, Scout Moor and Whittle Hill to the east.

Sights of the town

The Peel Monument looking south towards Bury

The skyline is dominated by the Peel Monument which stands on Holcombe Moor, a memorial to Sir Robert Peel, the 19th century Prime Minister and creator of the modern British police force, whose family industrial ventures were here in Ramsbottom. The tower stands 128 feet tall on Holcombe Moor.[7] There are spectacular views over the West Riding of Yorkshire, northern and southern Lancashire and as far as the Cambrian Mountains. From the top of the tower it is possible to see Blackpool Tower on a clear day.

Edward Allington's "Tilted Vase"

Ramsbottom is on the path of the Irwell Sculpture Trail. The 'Tilted Vase' by Edward Allington, a sculpture both classical in shape to reflect the surrounding buildings but apparently bolted together to reflect the old industries, is located in Market Place. This piece of work, weighing around two tons and locally known as 'the Urn', was funded with £250,000 of National Lottery money.[8]

Nuttall Park is a large park with facilities for bowls, tennis, football and public events. The park hosts regular fun fairs and family events, and is a popular attraction with locals and tourists alike.

Churches

St Andrew's Church, the oldest church in Ramsbottom, was built by the Grant family in 1834 as a Scottish Presbyterian Church. In the 1860s a member of the Grant family deprived the congregation of its church and in 1869 offered the building to the Bishop of Manchester as an Anglican church. It became a mission church for St Paul's until 1875 when it was consecrated as the Parish Church of St Andrew.

In 1993 the church was refurbished and re-ordered and dedicated in 1994.[9] The Ashton brothers donated farm land as site for St Paul's Church which cost £3,400. It was consecrated in 1850.

The churches of the Church of England in Ramsbottom are part of the Ramsbottom & Edenfield Team Ministry [10]

Churches in the town include:

  • Church of England:
    • Christ Church
    • St Andrew's
    • St Paul's
  • Baptist
  • Independent / evangelical: Ramsbottom Evangelical Church
  • Methodist Church
  • United Reformed Church:
    • Dundee United Reformed Church
    • Greenmount United Reformed Church
  • Pentercostal: Ramsbottom Pentecostal Church
  • Roman Catholic: St Joseph's

Sports

  • Cricket: Ramsbottom Cricket Club
  • Football: Ramsbottom United FC

Culture and community

Before the Blackpudding Throwing Championships

On Good Friday, hundreds of people climb Holcombe Hill.[11][12] A smaller gathering keeps alive the tradition of egg rolling before the start of the climb. Large gatherings on the hill are visible from miles away, and occasionally attract unorthodox religious preachers. In recent years the celebrations have become more secular, with the public house at the bottom of Holcombe Hill attracting as many as 3,000 visitors leading to complaints from residents and restrictions being imposed by the council.[13]

On New Year's Day an annual exhibition of game fowl is held at the Old Dun Horse Hotel, a tradition since 1843.[14] This competitive show replaced the annual cockfight that took place in the town square after the New Year Holcome Hunt.[15] The exhibition, organised by the Holcombe Old English Game Fowl Club, is said to be the oldest gamecock show in the world.[16]

The Black Pudding Throwing World Championships are held annually at the Royal Oak (now the Oaks) pub on Bridge Street. Participants have to toss black puddings in an attempt to dislodge a stack of Yorkshire puddings on plinths on two levels (one for children, the other for adults). The winner is the one who dislodges most Yorkshire puddings in three attempts.[17]

The Summerseat Players, a registered charity run entirely not-for-profit, puts on five performances in each season, and performances by local schools and dance groups, and the company's youth theatre groups. The amateur dramatic group was formed in 1968, and performed at St Winifred's Church Hall in Summerseat. In 1990, with donations and loans from members and enthusiasts, the company purchased the Theatre Royal on Smithy Street in Ramsbottom.[18]

Ramsbottom hosts an annual rhythm & blues festival. The now defunct pub the Corner Pin, was where the band Elbow played their first gig.[19] The Ramsbottom Recorded Music Society was formed in 1967 to promote an interest and appreciation of music and meets bi-weekly on Thursday evenings at Christ Church Neighbourhood Centre.

Media

  • Newspapers:
    • The Bury Times,
    • Lancashire Telegraph and
    • Rossendale Free Press newspapers.
  • Radio:
    • BBC Radio Lancashire
    • BBC Radio Manchester
    • Rossendale Radio, a community radio station until it ceased broadcasts in March 2012.
  • Podcasts: ThisIsRammy.co.uk, begun in 2015 and which went on to win the award for UK Best Places and Travel in the very first UK Podcasters Awards.

Outside links

Commons-logo.svg
("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Ramsbottom)

References

  1. Roome, A: Dictionary of Place-Names Bloomsbury (1988) ISBN 0-7475-0170-X
  2. Nicolaisen, Gelling & Richards, The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain, p. 157.
  3. National Monuments Record: No. 45141 – Whitelow Hill investigation history
  4. 4.0 4.1 [1] A History of the County of Lancaster - Volume pp143–150: {{{2}}} (Victoria County History)
  5. Peacock, Doug. "Charles Dickens – writing from life". Cotton Times. http://www.cottontimes.co.uk/dickenso.html. Retrieved 5 May 2007. 
  6. Aspin 1995, p. 111
  7. Bury Council reference to Peel Tower, Holcombe Moor
  8. "Tilted vase sees light of day". Lancashire Evening Telegraph. This is Lancashire. 6 August 1998. http://archive.thisislancashire.co.uk/1998/8/6/794275.html. Retrieved 16 January 2008. 
  9. St Andrew, Ramsbottom and Edenfield Team Ministry, http://www.retm.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=19&Itemid=41, retrieved 20 September 2010 
  10. Team ministry, Ramsbottom and Edenfield Team Ministry, http://www.retm.co.uk/index.php?option=com_content&view=frontpage&Itemid=61, retrieved 20 September 2010 
  11. Woodcock, Thomas (1952). Haslingden: A Topographical History,. 4. pp. 55. 
  12. Easter Traditions
  13. Bury Council
  14. "Game on for bird show". Bolton Evening News. Newsquest Media Group. 31 December 2002. http://archive.thisislancashire.co.uk/2002/12/31/575588.html. Retrieved 21 April 2008. 
  15. "Plenty to crow about". Bolton Evening News. Newsquest Media Group. 4 January 2000. http://archive.lancashireeveningtelegraph.co.uk/2000/1/4/746294.html. Retrieved 21 April 2008. 
  16. "Ode was a hit at Beulah". Rossendale Free Press (M.E.N. Media). 13 January 2006. http://menmedia.co.uk/rossendalefreepress/news/s/508116_ode_was_a_hit_at_beulah. Retrieved 21 April 2008. 
  17. Benjamin, Tui (9 September 2013). "Hundreds flock to World Black Pudding Throwing Championships in Ramsbottom". The Bolton News (The Bolton News). http://www.theboltonnews.co.uk/news/10662448.Hundreds_flock_to_World_Black_Pudding_Throwing_Championships_in_Ramsbottom/. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  18. Summerseat Players
  19. Grimshaw, Jane (16 September 2009). "The Big Interview: Guy Garvey". Liverpool Confidential. Liverpool Confidential. http://www.liverpoolconfidential.com/index.asp?Sessionx=IpqiNwEjNwEnJlF6IHqjNwB6IA. Retrieved 25 September 2009. 
  • Aspin, Chris (1995), The First Industrial Society: Lancashire 1750–1850, Carnegie Publishing, ISBN 1-85936-016-5 
  • Nicolaisen, W. F. H.; Gelling, M.; Richards, M. (1970), The Names of Towns and Cities in Britain, B. T. Batsford, ISBN 0-7134-0113-3