St Peter's Church
|Council:||Rhondda Cynon Taf|
Pentre is a village near Treorchy in the Rhondda valley of Glamorgan. The village's name is taken from the Welsh word Pentref, which translates as homestead, though Pentre is named after a large farm that dominated the area before the coming of industrialisation.
Early and industrial history
Pre-1850, the area which is now Pentre was made up of several scattered farms tended by tenant farmers for absentee landlords. With the discovery, in the early 19th century, of economically viable coal deposits in Dinas Rhondda it was not long until expeditions reached the mid valleys. In 1857 Edward Curteis of Llandaff leased the mineral rights of Tyr-y-Pentre from Griffith Llewellyn of Baglan and soon had two levels opened, the Pentre and Church. During the early part of 1864 deeper shafts had been sunk by the Pentre Coal Company. The mines in the Pentre were some of the most profitable of all the collieries in the Rhondda.
By the early 20th century, Pentre was a busy town and the main shopping area for the upper Rhondda and was also the centre for local government, with the local council offices built in Llewellyn Street in 1882. Pentre is also home to St Peters Church (1890), the 'Cathedral of the Rhondda', the largest religious building in either valley.
Two of the most notable businesses to have existed in the Rhondda were both formed in Pentre; the Pentre Breweries and the Rhondda Engine Works.
Notable former residents
- Alan Curtis (born 1954) Welsh footballer won 35 caps for Wales
- Johnny Jones, Welsh flyweight boxing champion
- Rhydwen Williams (1916–1997), poet and novelist, winner of the National Eisteddfod Crown
- Jimmy Murphy (1910–1989), Wales National Football Team manager and Manchester United assistant manager.
- "Community population 2011". http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=11127504&c=Pentre&d=16&e=62&g=6494930&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1447702792766&enc=1. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- The Welsh Academy Encyclopaedia of Wales. John Davies, Nigel Jenkins, Menna Baines and Peredur Lynch (2008) pg750 ISBN 978-0-7083-1953-6