Lorton

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Lorton
Cumberland
The Parish Church of St Cuthbert, Lorton - geograph.org.uk - 558093.jpg
Location
Grid reference: NY1602623548
Location: 54°37’1"N, 3°16’23"W
Data
Population: 256  (2011[1])
Post town: Cockermouth
Dialling code: 01900
Local Government
Council: Allerdale
Parliamentary
constituency:
Copeland

Lorton is a village and ancient parish in Cumberland. Lorton is made up of two small villages – Low Lorton and High Lorton, both of which are nestled at the northern end of the Vale of Lorton surrounded by the mountains such as Grasmoor, Hopegill Head and Whiteside.[2] The village is approximately 4 miles away from Cockermouth, which offers access to the A66 road. Other nearby settlements include Loweswater and Brigham.

Lorton is relatively untouched by tourism, although many tourists pass through on the way to the Buttermere valley. Nevertheless, there are a number of hill walks available from Lorton, for instance Hopegill Head can be climbed from High Lorton and Fellbarrow can be climbed from Low Lorton. Tourists are also encouraged to visit the 12th century St Cuthbert's Church and the 1663 pele tower, which is, however, not open to public.[3] Lorton's Yew Tree remains the village's only tourist attraction.

The Whinlatter Pass road connects Lorton with Braithwaite, and the main road passing through Lorton links Cockermouth with Buttermere and Loweswater.

The Village

The village consists of 114 households in total[4] with a total area of 5,501 acres[5] Lorton also has a small primary school,[6] a church (St Cuthbert's 12th-century Church), a post office and a tennis club.[7] An award-winning public house "The Wheatsheaf Inn" is also present at the village, with the owners having run the inn for more than 10 years. It has achieved notable awards in Food Safety.[8] The village also had a town in Fairfax County, Virginia, named after it.

Etymology

Of the word 'Lorton', the second element is clearly the Old-English 'tūn', meaning 'farmstead, village'. The first is enigmatic, but Ekwall's suggestion in 'DEPN'[9] of a river name Old Norse 'Hlóra' 'roaring', paralleled in the Norwergian 'Lora', is attractive. "[10] The roaring could refer either to the Whit Beck or the River Cocker.

History

In 1811, Lorton was at the peak of prosperity and population due to high demand on agricultural products as Britain was recovering from the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815).[11] The majority of residents were employed in agricultural sector across the 6 farms that were present, including a 17th-century farm called "New House". The farms used to be powered by the fast flowing tributaries of the river Cocker which runs through the whole length of the valley. Furthermore, most of houses and cottages in Lorton started off as barns and mills.[12] St Cuthbert's records indicate a post-war depression from 1816–1830 as the population decreased by around 50 people and the number of marriages also decreased form 65 to 43.[11]

Jennings Brewery also originates in Lorton. It was set up in 1828 by John Jennings and brewed in Lorton exclusively until 1874.[13]

Lorton Park is a Grade-II Listed Regency House; in the 19th century by Richard Harbord, a Liverpool shipping magnate who is buried in the parish church.[14] In 1863, Prince Arthur visited Lorton Park and planted a commemorative chestnut tree in the gardens.[15]

Historical references

Lorton was first mentioned in the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870–72) by John Marius Wilson, who described Lorton as "a village, a township, and a parish in Cockermouth district, Cumberland".[16] Wilson also gave some early key statistics such as the value of real property (£3,288), headcount (456) and area (5,264 acres). Lorton was also mentioned some 15 years later in the Gazetteer of the British Isles (1887) by John Bartholomew. Bartholomew also recorded some statistics for the village from which some changes were made apparent – population decreased by 59 to 397 and the area increased by 54 acres to 5318 acres. Furthermore, William Wordsworth, the famous poet born in Cockermouth, immortalised the Lorton Yew Tree in his poem "Yew Trees" in 1804. The tree is calculated to be at least 1,000 years old but was severely damaged by a storm shortly after the poem was written.[17]

References

  1. "Parish population 2011". http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=11126098&c=CA13+9TB&d=16&e=62&g=6410967&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1434535470941&enc=1. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  2. "Lorton Weather Website". http://www.lortonweather.co.uk/. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  3. "Visit Cumbria Website". http://www.visitcumbria.com/cm/lorton.htm. Retrieved 28 April 2012. 
  4. "Office For National Statistics Neighbourhood Statistics (Households)". 2001. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=792970&c=lorton&d=16&e=15&g=431495&i=1001x1003x1004&o=1&m=0&r=1&s=1335788234770&enc=1&dsFamilyId=785. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  5. "A Vision of Britain Through Time". 1961. http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/data_cube_page.jsp?data_theme=T_POP&data_cube=N_AREA_ACRES&u_id=10066499&c_id=10001043&add=Y. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  6. "Lorton Primary School". http://www.lorton.cumbria.sch.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  7. "Lorton Tennis". http://lortontennis.org/. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  8. "The Wheatsheaf Inn". http://www.wheatsheafinnlorton.co.uk. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  9. Ekwall, Eilert (1960). The concise Oxford dictionary of English place-names (4th ed.). Oxford: Clarendon. 
  10. Whaley, Diana (2006). A dictionary of Lake District place-names. Nottingham: English Place-Name Society. pp. lx,423 p.221. ISBN 0904889726. 
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Lorton as it was 200 years ago". 2011. http://www.derwentfells.com/pdfs/Lorton200yearsagoslides.pdf. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  12. "A brief history of Lorton Village". http://www.midtowncottages.co.uk/lorton/index.html. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  13. "Jennings Brewery History". http://www.jenningsbrewery.co.uk/history/. Retrieved 1 May 2012. 
  14. "Lorton Park, Lorton, Cumbria". British Listed Buildings. http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-72675-lorton-park-lorton-cumbria. 
  15. Lorton Park http://webdata.carterjonas.co.uk/assets/CJ/sales/pdf/KEN080051.PDF
  16. "A Vision of Britain Through Time (Historical Descriptions)". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/gaztext_page.jsp?u_id=10066499&c_id=10001043. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  17. "Lorton Yew Trees". http://www.visitcumbria.com/cm/lorton-yew-trees.htm. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 

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