Llys y Fran
|Llys y Fran|
St Meilyr's Church
|Post town:||Clarbeston Road|
Llys y Fran is a small village and ancient parish in the Dungleddy Hundred of Pembrokeshire, on the southern slopes of the Preseli Mountains. The parish includes the small settlement of Gwastad. A notable feature is Llys y Fran Reservoir and Country Park, a popular tourist attraction.
The parish has been recorded with a number of variant spellings including Llysyfran, Llys-y-fran, Llys-y-Frân and Llys-y-Vrân. The word llys translates into English as "court" and y frân translates as "the crow".
The present parish church dates from the 12th century, with alterations and improvements in the ensuing centuries, and is dedicated to St Meilyr, a 6th-century Celtic saint. Llys y Fran was originally a chapelry; in the 16th century it was controlled by various landowners in the district. One of its two bells is dated 1632. By 1833 it was the parish church.
Llys y Fran parish includes the hamlet of Gwastad, where there has been a Calvanistic Methodist chapel since 1836.
There may have been a timber castle north of the church, but the remains may have been destroyed when the reservoir dam was built. The site is known as Y Castell (The Castle).
In 1887 the parish was recorded as extending to 1,466 acres with a population of 194.
The teacher and composer William Penfro Rowlands (1860-1937) was born at Llys y Fran.
Reservoir and Country Park
Llys y Fran Reservoir is a 212-acre man-made lake surrounded by a grassland and woodland Country Park of 350 acres with a perimeter track 6½ miles long for walkers and cyclists. The reservoir, whose dam was constructed between 1968 and 1972 by Lindsay Parkinson, is managed by Welsh Water. The dam is 100 ft high and the lake is fed by the River Syfynwy that also feeds Rosebush Reservoir a few miles upstream to the north-east. In 2008, a refurbished hydro-electric scheme was completed, raising the dam's output to an average of 26 kW: the original turbine generating considerably less. In 2017 Welsh Water announced a £4million investment to enhance the park's facilities, to be completed in 2019.
Fishing and other water activities, walking, cycling and motorsport all contribute to Llys y Fran's popularity with tourists.
Llys y Fran is an important fishery in south-west Wales, and has hosted national and international fishing competitions. Fishing with fly or bait, from mark or boat, is possible. The lake is stocked with rainbow and brown trout.
Sailing, windsurfing, rowing and canoeing are all enjoyed on the reservoir, with various equipment available for hire. The park hosted the Welsh Dragon Boat Championships in 2014, 2015, 2016 and 2017.
As well as the 6½-mile perimeter track, there is a 1½-mile family trail, and cycle hire is available.
The Llys-y-Fran Hillclimb is an annual event run by Swansea Motor Club.
- "GENUKI: Llysyfran". http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/wal/PEM/LlysyFran/. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
- "St Meilyr's Church - History". http://www.llysyfranchurch.co.uk/history.html. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Y Castell, Llys y Fran". http://www.gatehouse-gazetteer.info/Welshsites/825.html. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "A Vision of Britain through time". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/6729/writing. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Llys y Fran Reservoir and Country Park". http://www.visitpembrokeshire.com/attractions-events/llys-y-fran-reservoir-country-park/. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Countryside Council for Wales - Llys-y-Fran Reservoir". http://www.ccw.gov.uk/enjoying-the-country/getting-out-there/access-to-rivers-lakes-canals/lakes-and-reservoirs/llys-y-fran-reservoir.aspx?lang=en. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Walking Pembrokeshire - Llys y Fran". http://www.pembrokeshiregreenways.co.uk/content.asp?id=29&language=. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Llys y Fran Hydro Scheme Refurbishment". http://www.dulas.org.uk/case-study.cfm?thecsid=b1817c00-d0df-2590-6027aef8a172549c. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Go ahead for £4m Llys y Fran 'great water park' plans". BBC News. 8 November 2017. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-south-west-wales-41916231. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
- Jason Cooper (28 December 2017). "Rotary club delighted by Llys y Fran investment". The Pembrokeshire Herald. http://pembrokeshire-herald.com/40734/rotary-club-delighted-llys-y-fran-investment/. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
- "Pembrokeshire Coast National Park - Llys y Fran". http://www.pembrokeshirecoast.org.uk/website/m/enjoy/mEnjoy00.asp?a=56. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Reservoir Guide". http://welshreservoirsguide.co.uk/ReservoirGuide29102012.pdf. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "Llys y Fran welcomes the return of the dragon". Western Telegraph. 25 May 2015. http://www.westerntelegraph.co.uk/news/12970281.Llys_y_Fran_welcomes_the_return_of_the_dragon/. Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- "Country Park welcomes Welsh Dragonboat Championships". BBC News. 29 May 2016. https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-south-west-wales-36387033. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Hear the dragons roar at rowing championship tomorrow". Milford Mercury. 27 May 2017. http://www.milfordmercury.co.uk/news/pembrokeshire_news/15311863.Hear_the_dragons_roar_at_rowing_championship_tomorrow/. Retrieved 27 May 2017.
- "Cycle Pembrokeshire - Llys y Fran". http://www.cyclepembrokeshire.com/content.asp?id=136. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Llys-Y-Fran Hillclimb Guide". http://www.motorsportcircuits.co.uk/html/llys-y-fran-hill-climb-guide.html. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
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