Kirkby Malzeard

From Wikishire
Jump to: navigation, search
Kirkby Malzeard
West Riding
Kirkby Malzeard market cross.jpg
The market cross at Kirkby Malzeard
Grid reference: SE230743
Location: 54°9’51"N, 1°38’52"W
Population: 887  (2011)
Post town: Ripon
Postcode: HG4
Dialling code: 01765
Local Government
Council: Harrogate
Skipton and Ripon

Kirkby Malzeard is a village in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

There has been a creamery in the village making Wensleydale cheese for almost 100 years, first owned by Mrs Mason, then Kit Calvert, of Hawes. It was later ntionalised to be run by the Milk Marketing Board but more recently it was acquired by the Wensleydale Creamery.


The village appears in the Domesday Book as Chirchebi (meaning "church village"). The suffix Malzeard (another place-name, meaning "bad clearing" in Norman French) was added by the early 12th century.[1] In the Middle Ages the Honour of Kirkby Malzeard included large areas to the west of the village in upper Nidderdale, and the parish came to include several townships:

The townships became separate parishes in the 19th century.[2]

In te Middle Ages there was a castle at Kirkby Malzeard, held by the de Mowbray family. When Roger de Mowbray participated in the Revolt of 1173–74 against King Henry II, the castle was besieged by the Bishop elect of Lincoln, and Mowbray surrendered it, together with Thirsk Castle, to the King: both castles were demolished.[3]

In 1307, King Edward I granted Kirkby Malzeard the right to hold two fairs annually, and a weekly market on Wednesday. These were subsequently abandoned, but revived in 1816. In 1871 the fairs were still held (on Whit Monday and 2 October), but the market had lapsed again.[3]

In 1866 a landowner named Joseph Helliwell demolished the Market Cross. There was an outcry, and after a year of litigation, Helliwell was compelled to remove a cottage and part of his house that were encroaching on the Market Place. A new Market Cross was erected by public subscription, inaugurated on 30 September 1868. Several newspapers and documents relating to the market place and the cross were placed in a sealed bottle when the foundations were laid.[3]

The writer and historian William Grainge was born to a farming family at Dishforth, and grew up at Castiles Farm, near Kirkby Malzeard. He attended Kirkby Malzeard village school, the only formal education that he received; he was otherwise self-educated.[4]

The Queens Head

About the village

The Highside Playing Fields, which provide facilities for several sports, were created in the 1970s. One of the benefactors was Bing Crosby, who came shooting in the area in 1975. He donated £1,250 towards the playing fields, and visited them during a cricket match in 1976.[5]

There is a convenience store and a butcher in Kirkby Malzeard, as well as one pub, the Queens Head. A second pub, The Henry Jenkins, (named after a man from Ellerton-on-Swale who died in 1670, allegedly aged 169), closed on 29 June 2008,[6] and in 2016 is derelict. The Shoulder of Mutton, a seventeenth century listed private house, was formerly a pub.[7]

Outside links

("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Kirkby Malzeard)


  1. Watts, Victor, ed. (2010), "Kirkby", The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Cambridge University Press 
  2. "Kirkby Malzeard CP/AP through time | Census tables with data for the Parish-level Unit". 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Sheahan, James Joseph (1871). History of York and the North Riding. III. Beverley: T. Whellan and Co.. pp. 203–207. 
  4. "Harrogate Field Naturalists' and Camera Club". Knaresborough Post. British Newspaper Archive: p. 5 col.6. 7 December 1895. 
  5. Kirkwood, Paul (10 October 2007). "Straight Down the Middle". Yorkshire Post. 
  6. Walker, Andy (8 July 2008). "Communities mourn loss of two village pubs". The Northern Echo. 
  7. National Heritage List 1315324: The Shoulder of Mutton (Grade II listing)