Although the Hope Valley appears to be a single valley, the name of the river changes several times:
- The head of the valley lies below Mam Tor at Castleton. From here, the Peakshole Water flows to Hope, where it enters the lower reaches of the River Noe, which has flowed from Edale.
- The Noe then flows to Bamford, where it enters the River Derwent which has travelled about ten miles from Bleaklow.
- The Derwent continues the dale from Bamford, and although the valley is now technically the Derwent Valley, the name of Hope Valley is still used as the Derwent flows through Hathersage, Grindleford and Calver.
- Below Baslow the name "Hope Valley" is no longer used.
Sights and visitors
The area is a popular tourist destination, particularly as the Hope Valley Line railway from Sheffield to Manchester runs through it, from the western end of the Totley Tunnel near Grindleford to the eastern end of the Cowburn Tunnel near Edale.
In the centre of the valley is a long-established cement factory, somewhat infamous locally because it is a prominent industrial operation (very visible from many locations) in the middle of a National Park. However the factory provides valuable local employment that is outside of the tourism sector.
The Hope Valley College is the only secondary school in the Hope Valley. There is a Christian theological college in the valley, named Cliff College.
There is evidence that Hope has been most significant in the region throughout its long history.
From earlier times there are traces of a Roman fort at Brough, just to the east of Hope. Its Roman name Navio was later replaced with the Old English word for fort, Burh, hence "Brough". Many ancient relics from the site can be seen in Buxton Museum. It is thought that the fort was probably built to protect Roman lead-mining interests in the Peak District.
The village of Hope is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 as having both a priest and a church, the only place in north Derbyshire to have such status at the time. St Peter's Church, opposite the Old Hall public house, dates from around the 13th century.
The parish of Hope covered two thirds of the Royal Hunting Forest of north Derbyshire and was one of the largest parishes in the country.
The village is built on the crossroads of the A625 Sheffield to Chapel-en-le-Frith road, and the B6049 that runs northward from Tideswell to Edale. This minor road closely follows the route of the old Portway, which was an ancient trading route used by Jaggers, a local term for men driving packhorses carrying salt and other goods from Cheshire. Names such as Saltergate Lane and Jaggers Lane probably originate from this period.