Gilling East

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Gilling East
North Riding
Gilling East.jpg
Gilling East
Grid reference: SE614769
Location: 54°11’4"N, 1°3’34"W
Population: 345  (2011)
Post town: York
Postcode: YO62
Local Government
Council: North Yorkshire
Thirsk and Malton

Gilling East is a village in the North Riding of Yorkshire, on the main B1363 road between York and Helmsley, two miles south of Oswaldkirk and five miles south of Helmsley. It is named "East" to distinguish it from Gilling West near Richmond, some 32 miles away.

The village sits amongst the Howardian Hills just south of the North York Moors National Park and close to Ampleforth Abbey and College.

Gilling East had a population of 345 at the 2011 Census.


The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Ghillinge,[1] and was recorded as belonging to the wapentake of Ryedale: now it is in the Wapentake of East Gilling.[2]

Gilling Castle is on a hill overlooking the village. It began as a towerhouse built by Thomas Etton at some time in the fourteenth century. In 1492, it passed to the Fairfax family and remained in their hands until 1793. Most of the castle we see today dates from their period of occupancy.[3]

The village used to have a railway station on the Thirsk and Malton railway]], which opened in 1853. A second railway, the Gilling and Pickering line, branching north from Gilling railway station went through Helmsley and then east to Pickering. The station was closed to passengers in 1953, and closed to goods traffic in 1964.[4]

About the village

The local pub, the Fairfax Arms, is at the base of a hill which leads up the drive to Gilling Castle, formerly St Martins Ampleforth, the Prep School for Ampleforth College.[5][6] The Anglican church in the village is Holy Cross.[7]

There is also a miniature railway in the village operated by the Ryedale Society of Model Engineers. The RSME railway and club house share the site of the old school, now refurbished as Gilling East Village Hall, on Pottergate, a narrow road running west from the main road alongside the Fairfax Arms.

Outside links

("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Gilling East)


  1. East Gilling East in the Domesday Book
  2. Chrystal, Paul (2017). The Place Names of Yorkshire; Cities, Towns, Villages, Rivers and Dales, some Pubs too, in Praise of Yorkshire Ales (1 ed.). Catrine: Stenlake. p. 99. ISBN 9781840337532. 
  3. National Heritage List 1149581: Gilling Castle (Grade I listing)
  4. Howat, Patrick (1988). The railways of Ryedale and the Vale of Mowbray. Nelson: Hendon. p. 3. ISBN 0-86067-111-9. 
  5. Warne, Malcolm (27 May 2019). "Eating Out: The Fairfax Arms, Gilling East, near Helmsley". The Northern Echo. 
  6. Wright, Greg (23 December 2021). "Historic inn which stands close to famous Yorkshire castle gains new owner". The Yorkshire Post. 
  7. National Heritage List 1296322: Church of the Holy Cross (Grade I listing)