Barkisland is a village in the West Riding of Yorkshire. It is a mile east of Ripponden, two miles south of Sowerby Bridge and four miles south-west of Halifax town centre. Barkisland has one school, a church, a post office and a local cricket club which play in the Huddersfield League. There are two pubs in Barkisland, the Fleece and the Griffin.
A ten-thousand-year-old axe has been discovered near Ringstone Reservoir, providing evidence of human activity in the area now known as Barkisland dating back to the Stone Age. The origin of the name is in dispute. In a book of place names printed in 1944 it was stated that Barkisland derived from it being a settlement ('land') of a chieftain called 'Barkis'. While much earlier, in 1789, the Rev. John Watson, vicar of Ripponden church between 1754 and 1769, theorised that "Barsey or Barkesey are Anglo-Saxon words meaning low-lying enclosures where birches grow. It also is the Anglo-Saxon for a district where there are wolves."
Barkisland originates as a township of the ancient parish of Halifax. A civil parish existed from 1866 to 1937, when it was merged with that of Ripponden.
Bower's Mill was built in the 18th century as a water-powered fulling mill. it has also been used as a corn mill, a worsted mill and a woolen mill. Textiles manufacturer J. & S. Taylor Ltd occupied the mill from 1882 to 1991 before moving production to Sowerby Bridge. The mill has now been converted for smaller businesses.
Barkisland Mills is a 6-storey building which was used for textile production in the 19th and 20th centuries. At the start of the 21st century it was converted into residential flats. There was also a Bottomley's Mill in Barkisland. Its presence as a cotton mill was recorded when a fire broke out there on 13 January 1871.
Barkisland is situated on a hilltop that gently rises from Greetland in the north-east and declines westwards to Ripponden and eastwards to Stainland. The hill continues to climb southwards towards Scammonden.
A surviving historic landmark of Barkisland are the original stocks. They are located on Stainland Road roughly 550 yards east of the post office and are a Grade-II listed building.
Barkisland Hall is a Grade-I listed country house built for John Gledhill in 1638, constructed in stone in three storeys to an F-shaped floor plan. It was bought in 1967 by Lord Kagan to provide accommodation for his textile company (makers of the Gannex raincoat).
Barkisland School Association (BSA) is a parent-teacher organisation supporting the school by organising events and fundraising.
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- A Rinder. "The Early Inhabitants of Barkisland". dawtrina.com. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140502154840/http://www.dawtrina.com/personal/barkisland/early.html. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- "The Etymology of Barkisland". dawtrina.com. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140502141026/http://www.dawtrina.com/personal/barkisland/etymology.html. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "Mills & Mines – B". Malcolm Bull's Calderdale Companion. http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~calderdalecompanion/m408_b.html. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
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- "View of the stocks at Barkisland, West Yorkshire". calderdale.gov.uk. http://www.calderdale.gov.uk/wtw/search/controlservlet?PageId=Detail&DocId=101800. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- "Barkisland Christ Church". A Church Near You. http://www.achurchnearyou.com/barkisland-christ-church/. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- National Heritage List 1276881: Barkisland Hall
- "Barkisland CofE VA Primary School Inspection report". Ofsted. 10 May 2011. http://www.ofsted.gov.uk/provider/files/1971125/urn/107552.pdf. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- "Barkisland School Association". barkislandcofeschool. http://barkislandcofeschool.org.uk/?q=bsa/bsa. Retrieved 1 November 2016.