Difference between revisions of "Goltho"

From Wikishire
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "{{Infobox town |name=Goltho |county=Lincolnshire |picture=St George, Goltho - geograph.org.uk - 434903.jpg |picture caption=Church of St George, Goltho |os grid ref=TF117769...")
 
(No difference)

Latest revision as of 20:33, 31 July 2020

Goltho
Lincolnshire
St George, Goltho - geograph.org.uk - 434903.jpg
Church of St George, Goltho
Location
Grid reference: TF117769
Location: 53°16’41"N, 0°19’30"W
Data
Population: 157  (2011 Including Rand)
Post town: Market Rasen
Postcode: LN8
Dialling code: 01673
Local Government
Council: West Lindsey
Parliamentary
constituency:
Gainsborough

Goltho is a hamlet in Lindsey, the northern part of Lincolnshire. The population (including Bullington) was 157 at the 2011 census. It is found a mile south-west of Wragby, and half a mile from the A158 road running to the north.

Wragby and Goltho Limewood Walk, through one of the Lincolnshire Limewoods National Nature Reserves, passes Goltho Hall, Goltho Chapel and Goltho deserted mediæval village.[1]

History

The settlement has Anglo-Saxon roots. There was a Romano-British settlement at Goltho in the 1st and 2nd centuries.[2]

The origin of the unusual name is uncertain. It is perhaps from an Old Norse first name or the Viking word for "ravine", or as is widely accepted locally, "where the marigolds grow", referred to in Henry Thorold's guide to the redundant St George's Church, Goltho.[3]

The remains of the early mediæval village were excavated in the 1970s.[4] A Saxon settlement on the site consisted of two houses; about 850 the site was fortified with the addition of a banked enclosure, and a hall was added. A motte-and-bailey castle was built at Goltho in around 1080.[2]

Goltho Hall

Goltho Hall was the ancestral seat of the Grantham family.[5] Sir Thomas Grantham (1574–1630) was Sheriff of Lincoln in 1600 and a Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire from 1621 to 1622. He was a shareholder in the Virginia Company[6] and is listed in the Third Virginia Charter of 1612.[7] He was a Puritan[8] and was imprisoned in Lincoln Castle for refusing to pay Ship Money. His son Thomas (1612–1655) was MP for Lincoln during the Long Parliament and raised a regiment of foot which fought at the Battle of Aylesbury in 1642.

The hall was eventually sold to the Mainwairing family and demolished in 1812.[9] The present hall was built nearby in 1875.[10]

The village is described in White's 1842 Lincolnshire Directory as "a parish of scattered farms", covering about 1,360 acres. Goltho ecclesiastical parish was united with Bullington to form one tithe-free parish in the peculier jurisdiction of the Bishop of Lincoln. Together, the two parishes covered 2,540 acres.

About the village

The old parish church was St George's. St George's was founded about 1640, with alterations in the 18th and 19th centuries.[11] It is the last evidence surviving above ground of the deserted medieval village.

The church was badly damaged in a fire on 21 October 2013,[12][13] possibly as a result of a lightning strike. It has not been restored.[14]

There are two other listed buildings in Goltho: Goltho Hall and its garden wall and pigeoncote (both Grade II).

Outside links

Commons-logo.svg
("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Goltho)

References

  1. (PDF)"Wragby and Goltho"; Lincolnshire Limewood Walks, Lincolnshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 3 June 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 National Monuments Record: No. 351512 – Goltho Mediæval Settlement Earthwork and Cropmark Site
  3. Thorold, Henry: 'St George's church, Goltho'
  4. Beresford, Guy, Goltho: The development of an early mediæval manor c 850–1150, English Heritage, London 1987, ISBN 978-1-848-02156-3.
  5. Information on Goltho  from GENUKI
  6. "Grantham Genealogy, Grantham Gazette, contact Ronald E. Johnson 828-479-8400". Graham.main.nc.us. 11 September 1999. http://graham.main.nc.us/~rjohnson/genealogy/. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  7. "3rd Virginia Charter". Gen.culpepper.com. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110928000900/http://gen.culpepper.com/historical/vacharter3.htm. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  8. Sanborn, Franklin Benjamin (1973). Memoirs of Pliny Earle, M.D.. Arno Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-405-05204-0. https://books.google.com/books?id=fex0ZPRRzboC&pg=PA2. 
  9. "England's Lost Country Houses | complete list of demolished country houses in England". Lh.matthewbeckett.com. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110722121505/http://lh.matthewbeckett.com/lh_complete_list.html. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  10. "Goltho, LIN". Genuki. 28 April 2009. http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/Goltho/#Manors. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  11. National Heritage List England no. 1308371: Church of St George (Grade II*) (listing)
  12. Fish, Elisabeth (21 October 2013). "Village church destroyed in fire". The Lincolnite. http://thelincolnite.co.uk/2013/10/lincoln-village-church-burnt-to-ground/. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  13. "Fire in chapel at Goltho near Wragby". Market Rasen Mail. 21 October 2013. http://www.marketrasenmail.co.uk/news/local/updated-breaking-news-fire-in-chapel-at-goltho-near-wragby-1-5606675. Retrieved 21 October 2013. "Firefighters from Wragby, Market Rasen and Lincoln have extinguished a large blaze at a disused chapel at Goltho" 
  14. St George, Goltho: Churches Conservation Trust