West Dean, Wiltshire
Cottages, West Dean
|South West Wiltshire|
A Roman villa site straddles the Wiltshire/Hampshire border. The village was mentioned in the Cartularium saxonicum for the year 880 as (æt) Deone, as Duene in the Domesday Book of 1086 (one of the 51 holdings of Waleran the Hunter), as Westdone in 1265, and as Westdune in 1270.
The Salisbury and Southampton Canal was opened through the parish in 1802 or 1803 but was never completed as far as Salisbury; it closed in 1806.
The Wessex Main Line railway was built through the village in 1847, with Dean station where it crosses the road at a level crossing. The county border runs right across the station platforms.
From 1941 to 2003, chalk caverns under Dean Hill to the south of the village were used as a Royal Naval Armaments Depot for munitions storage and maintenance.
A Wesleyan Methodist chapel was built c.1870 and closed in 1971.
Much of the northern half of the parish is woodland, including Bentley Wood which contains a biological Site of Special Scientific Interest.
- "Wiltshire Community History - Census". Wiltshire Council. http://history.wiltshire.gov.uk/community/getcensus.php?item=West%20Dean. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Victoria County History, Vol.4: Hampshire, 1911, pp.519-524, Parishes: West Tytherley with Buckholt, Manors: West Dean
- Historic England. "Roman villa at West Dean (222998)". PastScape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=222998. Retrieved 16 June 2015
- Ekwall, Eilert, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 4th edition, 1960. p. 140. ISBN 0198691033.
- "Site Records - Dean Hill Royal Naval Armaments Depot". 5 December 2003. http://www.subbrit.org.uk/sb-sites/sites/d/dean_hill_rnad/index.shtml. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Borbach Chantry". Images of England. Historic England. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=320056. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- "West Dean, Salisbury". Churches Conservation Trust. http://www.visitchurches.org.uk/findachurch/west-dean-salisbury/. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
- National Heritage List England no. 1135718: Church of St Mary, West Dean (Historic England)
- "New Church of St. Mary the Virgin, West Dean". Wiltshire Council. http://history.wiltshire.gov.uk/community/getchurch.php?id=1533. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Methodist Chapel, West Dean". Wiltshire Council. http://history.wiltshire.gov.uk/community/getchurch.php?id=1534. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
about West Dean, Wiltshire)
- "West Dean". Wiltshire Council. http://history.wiltshire.gov.uk/community/getcom.php?id=235. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Village Design Statement, West Dean parish council, February 2009