Swarkestone

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Swarkestone
Derbyshire
Swarkestone Bridge.jpg
Swarkestone Bridge
Location
Grid reference: SK372286
Location: 52°51’11"N, 1°27’4"W
Data
Post town: Derby
Postcode: DE73
Dialling code: 01332
Local Government
Council: South Derbyshire
Parliamentary
constituency:
South Derbyshire

Swarkestone is a village in Derbyshire, on the River Trent south of the county town, Derby.

Swarkestone has a very old village church, a full cricket pitch, the Crewe and Harpur pub, a canal with locks, moorings and canalside tea-rooms. It was mentioned twice in the Domesday Book as Sorchestun or Suerchestune, and it is recorded as being worth twenty shillings.[1]

Swarkestone Bridge

Main article: Swarkestone Bridge

The ancient bridge at Swarkestone crosses the River Trent about six miles south of Derby and was for about 300 years the Midlands' main crossing of the Trent, since it was the only crossing between Burton upon Trent and Nottingham,[2] The bridge is a Grade-I-listed structure and a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Swarkestone bridge was built in the 13th century to cross the river and its surrounding marshes, between the villages of Swarkestone and Stanton by Bridge.[3] It was financed by the two 'Bellamont sisters. Both had become engaged and were to throw a joint celebration; their fiancés, however, had to meet the local barons on the far side of the river.[2] Following a storm the Trent became swollen; eager to return to their brides-to-be and their party, the men tried to ford the river on horseback: both were swept away and drowned.[2] The Bellamont sisters commissioned the bridge so that no one else would suffer the tragedy they had.[2] Neither sister married and both died in poverty having exhausted their fortune on building the bridge.[2]

History

Evidence of the Beaker people living near Swarkestone was discovered in the 1950s. At that time it was estimated that people had lived near Swarkestone for at least 3,800 years.[4] The only surviving Bronze Age barrow cemetery in the Trent valley is at Swarkestone Lows near the A50. The barrow is a registered national monument.[5]

In the Domesday Book, Swarkestone was held by the King and by Henry de Ferrers.[1]

In the Battle of Swarkestone Bridge during the Civil War (1643), the village was defended by the Royalists against the Parliamentarians, but the outnumbered Cavaliers lost the day.

In 1745 during the Jacobite Rebellion led by 'Bonnie Prince Charlie', the advance party of his army reached here to gain control of the crossing of the Trent. Finding no reports of support from the south, they turned back to Derby; the invading army then retreated to the Highlands and final defeat at the Battle of Culloden. Swarkestone was thereby the most southerly point reached during that army's advance on London.

Sport

  • Cricket: Swarkestone Cricket Club

The Pavilion

Swarkestone Pavilion

Nearby is the Jacobean grandstand called Swarkestone Hall Pavilion and walled area, formerly connected with Harpur Hall, where (it is believed, reported by Pevsner), bull-baiting took place. The pavilion is attributed to John Smythson who also designed Bolsover Castle, and is Grade I Listed.[6] It was repaired and is now owned by the Landmark Trust who maintain it and rent it out to holidaymakers.

Pictures

Outside links

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("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Swarkestone)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.742 & 749
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Wadd, Barbara (2007). More Ghost Walks in Derbyshire. Wiltshire: Cromwell Press. ISBN 978-1-85983-556-2. 
  3. Swarkestone Bridge and Causeway, English Heritage, retrieved 7 September 2014
  4. Beaker Folk site found in Britain New York Times December 1956
  5. National Heritage List England no. 1019060: Lows Barrow (Historic England)
  6. Landmark Trust - Swarkestone Pavilion