St Martin's, Shropshire

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St Martins
Welsh: Llanfarthin
Shropshire
St Martin's parish church at St Martin's, Shropshire.jpg
St Martin's Parish Church
Location
Grid reference: SJ322362
Location: 52°55’8"N, 3°0’29"W
Data
Post town: Oswestry
Postcode: SY11
Dialling code: 01691
Local Government
Council: Shropshire
Parliamentary
constituency:
North Shropshire
The Llangollen Canal at St Martin's Moor
The First World War Memorial at St Martin's

St Martin's is a village and parish in Shropshire, adjacent to the border with Denbighshire, just north of Oswestry and east of Chirk.

History

The ancient parish of St Martin's comprises the townships of Ifton, Wiggington, Bronygarth and Weston Rhyn. Each of these townships borders Denbighshire, with the River Ceiriog and the River Dee forming the border. In 1870, the townships of Weston Rhyn and Bronygarth were formed into the new civil parish of Weston Rhyn.

The church at St Martin's is dedicated to St Martin of Tours and the parish was part of the Diocese of St Asaph until 1922 when it was transferred to the Diocese of Lichfield.

The area was, for centuries, under the influence of nearby Chirk Castle and, later, the Trevor family of Brynkinallt in Chirk.

Transport

Around the 16th century, a bridge was built across the River Ceiriog at Pontfaen. Later the A5, the London-Shrewsbury-Holyhead trunk road was constructed by Thomas Telford through the parish of St Martin's, crossing into Denbighshire via the bridge at Chirk Bank.

The Glyn Valley Tramway ran from Chirk through Pontfaen into the Ceiriog Valley.

In the 19th century a canal was constructed through St Martin's Moor by Thomas Telford linking the industrial areas around Ruabon to the canal network. This now forms part of the Llangollen Canal.

By 1848 the Chester to Ruabon railway line had been extended south to Shrewsbury, but only one station, Preesgweene (later known as Weston Rhyn), was built in St Martin's parish. Later however, branch lines were built to link the collieries in the area to the main rail network.

Industry

Although predominantly an agricultural area, coal was mined in St Martin's for several centuries. The collieries at Ifton, Chirk Bank, Quinta, Trehowell, Moreton Hall and Preesgweene were, geologically, an extension of the Denbighshire coalfield. Coal production ceased in the area with the closure of the last remaining colliery in the area at Ifton in 1968. Ifton was the largest colliery in Shropshire and its workings crossed the border into Denbighshire, linking up to the coal seams of the former collieries at Brynkinallt and Black Park.

Education

St Martin's School is a primary and secondary school located in St Martin's.

Notable people

Francis Williams, editor of the Daily Herald and Governor of the BBC, (later life peer Baron Francis-Williams) born at St Martin's.

References

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("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about St Martin's, Shropshire)
  • G. G. Lerry, "Collieries of Denbighshire", 1968
  • C. Neville Hurdsman, "A History of the Parishes of St Martin's & Weston Rhyn" 2003