Middleton Tyas

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Middleton Tyas
North Riding
St Michael & All Angels, Middleton Tyas
Grid reference: NZ228057
Location: 54°26’47"N, 1°38’51"W
Population: 581  (2011[1])
Post town: Richmond
Postcode: DL10
Dialling code: 01325
Local Government
Council: Richmondshire

Middleton Tyas is a village and parish in the North Riding of Yorkshire. It is located near Scotch Corner.


The name Middleton is of Anglo-Saxon origin and it means middle-farm or middle-settlement. Tyas is a Norman family name but there seems to be no evidence that Middleton Tyas once belonged to a family of that name.

The village lies on a substratum of limestone, which has been extensively quarried.[2] Limestone quarrying still takes place at the nearby Barton roundabout.[3] There was also an 18th-century copper mine and works near the village.[4]

Just outside the village is the Middleton Lodge Estate. Middleton Lodge itself was built in 1760 and is a listed building. It also has a number of Grade II listed buildings and 200 acres of private parkland.[5]

The Church of St Michael and All Angels lies just outside the village on the road towards Moulton.[6] It is an ancient structure, with Norman arches and pillars on the north side and Early English on the south. It was restored and renovated between 1867 and 1879[7] under the direction of Sir George Gilbert Scott.

A Primitive Methodist chapel was erected in the village in 1877; only three years later it was sold to the Wesleyans. It is no longer used as a church, having been closed down in 1984.[8]

Notable people

The fraudster Sir Edmund Backhouse, 2nd Baronet, and his brother, the naval officer Roger Backhouse, were both born in the village. Lady Alicia Blackwood lived in the village, as did Arthur Francis Pease, who also died there. The two brothers Almroth Wright and Charles Theodore Hagberg Wright were born in the village. Top poker player Keith Hawkins lived in the village.


There is one pub in the village, The Shoulder of Mutton; there is also The Scotch Corner Hotel at the famous roundabout.

The village is served by Middleton Tyas Church of England primary school, which moved from the Victorian building in the centre of the village to a new purpose-built building on the outskirts. The old school was built in 1861-62 and the new school in 2003–04. The old school was sold and is now being extensively refurbished.

The post office and shop closed in April 2003, leaving the village with no retail facilities within its boundaries, so the local community decided to open a new shop. Using grant aid from the Countryside Agency and DEFRA the villagers founded the Community Co-operative village store in the Memorial Hall. It was opened by local MP William Hague in April 2004. The shop is open 55 hours a week and sells basic groceries, local produce, fruit and vegetables, newspapers and magazines; it has an in-store bakery and serves as an off-licence. Two part-time staff are employed and there is regular input from eight volunteers.

The nearby Scotch Corner Service Station acts as a useful 24-hour shop for Middleton Tyas and other neighbouring villages.


  1. "Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=11126548&c=DL10+6PP&d=16&e=62&g=6454881&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1439118747605&enc=1. Retrieved 9 August 2015. 
  2. "Middleton-in-Teesdale - Midley". http://www.british-history.ac.uk/topographical-dict/england/pp310-313. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  3. Cameron, D G; Bide, T; Parry, S F; Parker, A S; Mankelow, J M (2014). Directory of Mines and Quarries (10 ed.). Keyworth: British Geological Society. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-85272-785-0. http://www.bgs.ac.uk/mineralsuk/whatsnew.html#MSS. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  4. "GENUKI: Middleton Tyas Parish information from Bulmers' 1890.". http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/YKS/NRY/Middletontyas/Middletontyas90.html. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  5. "Middleton Lodge - Middleton Tyas - North Yorkshire - England". http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/en-322126-middleton-lodge-middleton-tyas-north-yor#.VpwUrVXcvmI. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  6. "Middleton Tyas: St Michael & All Angels, Richmond". http://www.achurchnearyou.com/middleton-tyas-st-michael-all-angels/. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  7. "History of Middleton Tyas, in Richmondshire and North Riding". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/13711. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 
  8. "Village Church Closes After 107 Years". Evening Despatch. 19 July 1984. http://www.middletontyas.org.uk/Middleton-Tyas-Parish-Council/newspaper_clippings-25055.aspx#news. Retrieved 17 January 2016. 

Outside links

("Wikimedia Commons" has material
about Middleton Tyas)