Magor war memorial
The original name Magwyr, from which the English name is derived, is thought to originate from the Latin maceria, meaning masonry walls or ruins. It may relate either to a Roman villa in the area, now lost, or alternatively to sea defences or a causeway built by the Romans.
Magor and the surrounding area contain many Roman ruins and artefacts, and the village centre was originally located at the inner edge of salt marshes which the Romans began to reclaim as farmland. The local name "Whitewall" may relate to the same causeway, which would have connected the village to a small harbour, now vanished, on the Severn estuary known as Abergwaitha or Aberweytha.
In 1994 the remains of a 13th-century boat, used for trading along and across the Severn estuary, and perhaps with Ireland, were found buried in the mud of the estuary close to Magor Pill. The boat was found to have been carrying iron ore from Glamorgan.
St Mary's Church, Magor
According to tradition, the parish church was founded in the 7th century, and was originally dedicated to St Leonard. The existing building has been described as "one of the most ambitious churches in Monmouthshire". The earliest parts of the building date from the 13th century, at about the same time as it was handed by Gilbert Marshal, Earl of Pembroke to the abbey of Anagni in Italy. It was later administered by Tintern Abbey. The church was greatly extended in the 15th century, and was restored and re-dedicated to St. Mary in the mid-19th century.
Remains of the Procurator's House, some parts of which may date from the 14th century and others from the 16th century, are still standing just off the village square. The Procurator was responsible for collecting the tithes of the village on behalf of the abbey.
About the village
Although it could be described as a dormitory town it has a thriving village centre containing shops, pubs, restaurants and a Post Office. As well as the large parish church the village also has an historic Baptist church.
Magor and the neighbouring village of Undy support a thriving athletic club whose clubhouse and pitches are found at the eastern end of the villages. Undy actually consists of all land lying to the north of Magor reen, taking in Dancing Hill where the reen intersects Cowleaze (Magor) to the south and Millfield Park and Mill Reen (Undy) to the north. Vinegar Hill, often regarded as a boundary point between Magor and Undy, actually lies wholly within Undy.
Magor Marsh is a 90-acre wetland reserve managed by the Gwent Wildlife Trust. It has a rich variety of habitats, including damp hay meadows, sedge fen, reedbed, scrub, wet woodland, a large pond and numerous reens. It includes breeding grounds for Common Snipe, Common Redshank, Reed Warbler, Grasshopper Warbler and Cetti's Warbler. It is the richest site in Wales for wetland beetles and soldier-flies, and its pattern of drainage ditches and other features has remained unchanged since the 14th century.
| ("Wikimedia Commons" has material|
- Community website serving the villages of Magor, Undy & Rogiet
- Undy and Magor Allotment Association
- Magor with Undy Community Council
- Monumental Inscriptions for Magor
- Name "Magor" at the local History Association
- Nayling, Nigel (1998). The Magor Pill mediæval wreck. Council for British Archaeology. pp. 105–111. ISBN 1-872414-86-9.
- Sir Joseph Bradney, A History of Monmouthshire, vol.4 part 2, 1932
- John Newman, The Buildings of Wales: Gwent/Monmouthshire, 2000, ISBN 0-14-071053-1
- Ebenezer Baptist Church
- A guide to the nature reserves of the Gwent Wildlife Trust, leaflet, 2009
- Severnside Forum: Magor Marshes - a summary of ecological information
- BBC: Magor Marsh
- BBC News: "M4 and airport road plans dropped", 15 July 2009