Hainton

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Hainton
Lincolnshire
Hainton Church - geograph.org.uk - 186087.jpg
St Mary's Church, Hainton
Location
Grid reference: TF183843
Location: 53°20’35"N, 0°13’23"W
Data
Population: 114  (2011)
Post town: Market Rasen
Postcode: LN8
Local Government
Council: East Lindsey
Parliamentary
constituency:
Louth and Horncastle

Hainton is a village in Lindsey, the northern part of Lincolnshire. It is on the A157 road, ten miles west of Louth and five miles south-east of Market Rasen.

The village pub is the Heneage Arms.

The village is the site of a Mediæval settlement, with evidence of earthworks indicating a ridge and furrow field system and crofts.[1]

Church

The parish church, St Mary originated in the 11th century, with changes in the 13th and refurbishment in the 14th. It was possibly re-modelled by Capability Brown in 1763. The church is a Grade I listed building.[2]

The church underwent a Victorian restoration by Edward James Willson in 1848. Wilson retained early Norman lower stages of the tower and Early English Gothic nave arcades.[3][4]

Cox states: "The church (St Mary) is of much interest, especially for its monuments".[3] Monuments and effigies to the Heneage family date back to the 15th century, and are set within the north chapel off the chancel.[4]

The rectory at Hainton was once the home of the Tudor composer William Byrd; in 1562/3, the lease of the rectory was granted by the Dean and Chapter of Lincoln Cathedral to Byrd for a period of 41 years.[5]

History

Hainton is listed in the 1086 Domesday Book as "Haintone", with 9 villeins, 2 smallholders, 1 freeman, and a 100 acres of meadow, and given over to Ilbert of Lacy as lord of the manor.[6]

In 1885, Kelly's Directory recorded a now listed school[7] built by G. F. Heneage in 1846. Agricultural production in the 2,306 acres of the parish was chiefly wheat, barley, oats and turnips.[8]

Hainton Hall

Hainton Hall has been the seat of the Heneage family since the reign of King Henry III]].[3] It is set in a park of 145 acres, landscaped by Capability Brown about 1763.[4] The present hall was built in 1638 with later additions,[9] and a rebuilding and raising of the west wing, and the facing of the whole house in stucco, by the architect Peter Atkinson in 1809. A porch was added by William Burn in 1875.[4] Behind the south front are Georgian interiors. The main interior hall, of two-story height with staircase to an upper landing, has plasterwork in Rococo style. The Morning Room has ceiling patterns perhaps by James Gibbs.[4]

In 1838 Thomas Moule noted ancestral family portraits at the Hall, particularly one of Sir Thomas Heneage, Vice-Chamberlain of the Household and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster to Queen Elizabeth.[10]

In the estate grounds stands the Roman Catholic chapel of St Francis De Sales, now Grade II listed, designed by Willson.[11] Erected in 1836 by G. H. Heneage, it was dedicated to Heneage's late wife.[8]

The estate holds a listed 1807 stuccoed stable block,[12] perhaps the work of Atkinson, and several 1836 estate cottages, the work of William Danby.[4]

The Heneage family were raised to the Baronetcy in 1896.[13] In 1967, on the death of Thomas Robert Heneage, the title became extinct.[14]

Outside links

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References

  1. National Monuments Record: No. 1050936 – Hainton
  2. National Heritage List England no. 1147298: Church of St Mary (Grade I) (listing)
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Cox, J. Charles (1916) Lincolnshire pp. 515, 152; Methuen & Co. Ltd
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Nikolaus Pevsner: The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire, 1964; 1989 Penguin Books ISBN 978-0-300-09620-0
  5. Harley, John. "Appendix C: William Byrd's Leases" (in en). The World of William Byrd: Musicians, Merchants and Magnates. Routledge. ISBN 9781317011477. https://books.google.com/books?id=ONSXCwAAQBAJ&lpg=PP1&pg=PA216#v=onepage&q&f=false. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  6. Hainton in the Domesday Book
  7. National Heritage List England no. 1359970: School and Schoolmaster's House (Grade II) (listing)
  8. 8.0 8.1 Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, pp. 463, 464
  9. National Heritage List England no. 1063102: Hainton Hall (Grade I) (listing)
  10. Moule, Thomas; The English Counties Delineated, Volume 2, p. 216; London, George Virtue (1838). Retrieved 16 August 2011
  11. National Heritage List England no. 1308552: Chapel of St Francis De Sales (Grade II) (listing)
  12. National Heritage List England no. 1147323: Stable Block to Hainton Hall (Grade II) (listing)
  13. London Gazette: no. 26747, p. 3382, 9 June 1896.
  14. L. G. Pine (1972). The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms. London: Heraldry Today. p. 146.